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1.
Dendritic cells (DCs) are one of the most potent antigen-presenting cells (APCs) capable of activating immune responses. Different forms of tumor antigens have been used to load DCs to initiate tumor-specific immune responses. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are considered natural adjuvants which have the ability to chaperone peptides associated with them presented efficiently by interaction with professional APCs through specific receptors. In the present study, we used HSP, gp96-peptide complexes, derived from human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells as antigens for pulsing DCs. We found that gp96-peptide complexes derived from HCC cells induced the maturation of DCs by enhancing expression of human leukocyte antigen class II, CD80, CD86, CD40, and CD83. The matured DCs stimulated a high level of autologous T cell proliferation and induced HCC specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes, which specifically killed HCC cells by a major histocompatability complex (MHC) class I restricted mechanism. These findings demonstrate that DCs pulsed with gp96-peptide complexes derived from HCC cells are effective in activating specific T cell responses against HCC cells.  相似文献
2.
Integrin 5 1 and 2 1 are the major integrin receptors in human hepatocytes. However, in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells it was found that the expression of integrin 5 1 was decreased and another integrin 6 1 increased. In this study, the SMMC7721 human hepatocellular carcinoma cells cotransfected or singlely transfected with integrin 5 and/or 1 cDNAs were established, and designated 5 1.6-7721, 5.3-7721, and 1.6-7721 cell lines, respectively. Transfection with cDNAs of integrin 5 and 1 subunits resulted in the overexpression of each integrin and modified biological properties, including a slowed growth rate, changes in the cell cycle from 15.5% of control cells in the G2/M phase to 12.1%, 9.6% and 9.4% in 5.3-7721, 1.6-7721, 5 1.6-7721, respectively, and a decrease in the Cell Mitosis Index from 1.6 in controls to 0.96, 0.95, and 0.72, and 34%, 28% and 52% derived from colony forming ability, respectively. Tumorigenicity was also tested in nude mice with inoculation of cells subcutaneously. Tumor masses growing in nude mice following inoculation with 1.6-7721,and 5 1.6-7721 cells weighed only 52% or 31% those of control cells. These results indicated that deletion or low expression of integrin 5 1 may play an important role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. Therefore, induction of expression of the integrin 5 1 in malignant cells could be a potential means of treating hepatocellular carcinoma.  相似文献
3.
 为了筛选原发性肝细胞癌 (hepatocellularcarcinoma ,HCC)中差异表达的基因 ,以了解HCC发生发展的分子基础 ,选取了一例早期高分化肝癌标本作为材料 ,采用抑制消减杂交 (suppressionsubtractivehybridization ,SSH)技术 ,进行了前向及反向消减杂交 ,结合反向Northern印迹筛选 ,得到多个差异表达的基因 .对有意义的基因用半定量RT PCR检测了肝癌中的表达 .结果显示 ,PON2、hSRP1alpha、H4 1在大部分肝癌中表达升高 ,IGFBP1、ITIH1在早期癌症中 ,大部分癌的表达升高 ,在晚期癌症中则表达下降 .EGR1在大部分肝癌中表达降低 .研究表明 ,不同分化程度、不同临床分期的肝癌 ,有共同的或不同的基因表达发生改变 ,明确这些差异表达的基因谱 ,对于肝癌发生发展机理的阐明及肝癌的预防、诊断、治疗都有重要意义 .  相似文献
4.
目的比较性研究AFP阴性与阳性原发性肝细胞癌超微结构特征及AFP和Tn (Thomsen-Friedenreich-related antigen)蛋白表达及意义.方法 43例原发性肝细胞癌组织和5例正常肝组织分为三组:对照组(正常肝组织,5例);AFP阳性肝细胞癌组 (血清AFP>10ng/ml,22例);AFP阴性肝细胞癌组(血清AFP<10ng/ml,21例).应用透射电镜、免疫组织化学和细胞图象分析技术对AFP阴性与阳性肝癌细胞超微结构及AFP和Tn蛋白表达进行观察,并进行AFP和Tn蛋白免疫电镜标记.结果 1. 免疫组织化学结果显示:在AFP阴性肝细胞癌组癌细胞中(1)Tn蛋白表达强度(0.1498±0.0371)明显高于AFP阳性肝细胞癌组(0.0685±0.0156)(P<0.01);(2)AFP蛋白表达强度(0.1269±0.0347) 低于AFP阳性肝细胞癌组(0.1852±0.0234)(P<0.01).2.透射电镜观察:在AFP阴性组肝癌细胞中,癌细胞最突出的形态特征是胞质内细胞器大多十分简单,唯游离多聚核糖核蛋白体十分丰富.而在AFP阳性组肝癌细胞中,癌细胞胞质内细胞器相对较多,特别是粗面内质网尤为丰富.此外,线粒体及高尔基器也较明显.3.免疫电镜标记显示:AFP蛋白阳性标记主要位于粗面内质网,Tn蛋白阳性标记多位于游离多聚核糖核蛋白体,粗面内质网仅见有散在阳性分布.结论 (1)AFP和Tn蛋白在AFP阴性与阳性肝细胞癌组织中具有差异性分布特征,Tn蛋白有望成为AFP阴性肝细胞癌诊断辅助指标之一.(2)透射电镜和免疫电镜观察表明:AFP和Tn蛋白在肝癌细胞中的合成部位明显不同.  相似文献
5.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) activated gene (NAG-1) is a newly identified member of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily. Members of the TGF-β family are multifunctional growth factors, and the nature of their effects depends on the cellular context and cell type. NAG-1 has antitumorigenic and proapoptotic activities in colon and gastric cancer cells lacking endogenous cyclooxgenase-2 (COX-2) expression. In contrast, COX-2 overexpression is related to antiapoptotic activity. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the proapoptotic activity of NAG-1 according to COX-2 expression and cell type. NAG-1 cDNA was transfected in SNU668 cells with endogenous COX-2 expression, SNU601 cells with forced COX-2 expression and Hep3B hepatocellular carcinoma cells. SNU668 cells with ectopic expression of NAG-1 showed markedly elevated subG1 population, induced death receptor-4 (DR-4) and DR-5, and revealed smaller active fragments of caspase-3. Forced COX-2 expression in SNU601 cells did not inhibit apoptosis caused by NAG-1 expression. Sulindac sulfide caused apoptosis, and induced expression of DR-5 and NAG-1 in Hep3B cells. However, Hep3B cells ectopically expressing NAG-1 did not cause apoptosis, and smaller active fragments of caspase-3 and an 85 kDa band of poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) did not appear in the transfected cells, either. This study suggests that proapoptotic activity of NAG-1 is cell type specific and not related to COX-2 expression.  相似文献
6.
目的:探讨抗血管生成药物Bevacizumab联合吉西他滨对人肝癌裸鼠皮下移植瘤生长的抑制作用。方法:构建人肝癌细胞HepG2裸鼠皮下移植瘤模型,随机分为空白对照组、Bevacizumab组、吉西他滨组和联合用药组。观察用药前后肿瘤体积,绘制肿瘤生长曲线;应用免疫组化检测肿瘤微血管密度(MVD);Western Blot检测Bcl-2蛋白的表达。结果:Bevacizumab和吉西他滨单药均能抑制肿瘤生长,两药联合疗效明显增强(P=0.000)。与对照组和吉西他滨组相比,Bevacizumab组和联合用药组能明显抑制肿瘤血管生成,MVD值均明显降低,以联合用药组最为明显(P均0.000)。Bevacizumab和吉西他滨单药均能下调Bcl-2的表达,两药联合下调作用明显增强。结论:Bevacizumab联合吉西他滨能增强对人肝癌裸鼠移植瘤的生长及微血管生成的抑制作用,其机制可能与调控Bcl-2的表达有关。  相似文献
7.
Previous work by us and others reported decreased expression of miR-199a-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues compared to adjacent benign tissue. We report here a significant reduction of miR-199a-3p expression in 7 HCC cell lines. To determine if miR-199a-3p has a tumor suppressive role, pre-miR-199a-3p oligonucleotides were transfected into the HCC cell lines. Pre-miR-199a-3p oligonucleotide reduced cell proliferation by approximately 60% compared to control oligonucleotide in only two cell lines (SNU449 and SNU423); the proliferation of the other 5 treated cell lines was similar to control oligonucleotide. A pre-miR-199a-3p oligonucleotide formulated with chemical modifications to enhance stability while preserving processing, reduced cell proliferation in SNU449 and SNU423 to the same extent as the commercially available pre-miR-199a-3p oligonucleotide. Furthermore, only the duplex miR-199a-3p oligonucleotide, and not the guide strand alone, was effective at reducing cell viability. Since a CD44 variant was essential for c-Met signaling [V. Orian-Rousseau, L. Chen, J.P. Sleeman, P. Herrlich, H. Ponta, CD44 is required for two consecutive steps in HGF/c-Met signaling, Genes Dev. 16 (2002) 3074-3086] and c-Met is a known miR-199a-3p target, we hypothesized that miR-199a-3p may also target CD44. Immunoblotting confirmed that only the two HCC lines that were sensitive to the effects of pre-miR-199a-3p were CD44+. Direct targeting of CD44 by miR-199a-3p was confirmed using luciferase reporter assays and immunoblotting. Transfection of miR-199a-3p into SNU449 cells reduced in vitro invasion and sensitized the cells to doxorubicin; both effects were enhanced when hyaluronic acid (HA) was added to the cell cultures. An inverse correlation between the expression of miR-199a-3p and CD44 protein was noted in primary HCC specimens. The ability of miR-199a-3p to selectively kill CD44+ HCC may be a useful targeted therapy for CD44+ HCC.  相似文献
8.
目的:探讨转染Canstatin基因对人肝癌HepG-2细胞体外形成血管生成拟态的影响。方法:将Canstatin基因通过脂质体法转染人肝癌HepG-2细胞,行G418筛选获得转基因细胞克隆。用SDS-PAGE电泳检测Canstatin蛋白在转基因细胞培养上清液中的表达;建立HepG-2细胞人工基底膜基质凝胶体外三维细胞培养模型,观察HepG-2细胞能否形成血管生成拟态,并比较转基因和未转基因细胞的管道形成能力。结果:Canstatin在转染人HepG-2细胞中表达并分泌至上清液中,人肝癌HepG-2细胞在体外三维培养条件下能够形成血管生成拟态。Canstatin基因转染HepG-2细胞组的管状结构数量高于空载体组和HepG-2细胞组,转染细胞管道形成能力明显受抑制。结论:人肝癌HepG-2细胞株可形成血管生成拟态,Canstatin能抑制人肝癌细胞株HepG-2体外血管生成拟态形成。  相似文献
9.
目的:分析肝细胞癌组织中FHIT基因启动子甲基化状态及其与FHIT基因表达和肝细胞癌临床病理特征的关系。方法:运用甲基化特异性PCR(MSP)方法分析肝细胞癌组织和癌旁正常肝脏组织中FHIT基因启动子甲基化状况;应用RT-PCT和Western免疫印迹方法检测FHIT基因mRNA和蛋白的表达情况;统计学分析FHIT基因启动子甲基化与肝细胞癌临床病理特征的关系。结果:MSP分析结果表明肝细胞癌组织中FHIT基因甲基化率(60.8%)显著高于癌旁正常组织中FHIT基因甲基化(16.2%;x2=31.071,P=0.000)。同时我们还发现:发生完全或者部分甲基化的肝细胞癌组织或者癌旁正常肝组织中FHIT基因mRNA和蛋白表达水平显著降低。FHIT基因启动子甲基化和肝细胞癌患者的临床分期和肝外转移情况密切相关(P=0.006和0.049),而与其他临床病理特征无相关性(P>0.05)。结论:FHIT基因甲基化是导致FHIT基因在肝细胞癌中失活的一个重要因素,与肝细胞癌的发生密切相关,有望成为肝细胞癌早期诊断的分子检测标志物和分子治疗新靶点。  相似文献
10.
Cancer metastasis is a complex multi‐step process, responsible for a majority of cancer‐related deaths by affecting the critical organs and causing complications in therapies. Hepatocellular carcinoma is a multi‐factorial disease and is the third most common cause of cancer related mortality worldwide. Clinical and experimental studies have shown that MMP‐2 and MMP‐9 are involved in tumor invasion and metastases and their elevated expression has been associated with poor prognosis. Our recent studies showed a strong anti‐oxidant and hepatoprotective effects of bacoside A (BA) against carcinogen. Nevertheless the effect of BA on the activities and expression of MMP‐2 and MMP‐9 during hepatocellular carcinoma is not yet recognized. Therefore, the present study was designed to assess the same. Results of gelatin zymography study showed that BA co‐treatment significantly decreased the activities of MMP‐2 and MMP‐9, which is increased during hepatocellular carcinoma. Further immunoblot analysis showed decreased expression of MMP‐2 and MMP‐9 in rats co‐treated with BA compared to DEN‐induced hepatocellular carcinoma. Our results reveal that BA exerts its anti‐metastatic effect against DEN‐induced hepatocellular carcinoma by inhibiting the activities and expressions of MMP‐2 and MMP‐9. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献
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