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基于混沌游走方法的Rh血型系统中RHD基因的分析   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
高雷  齐斌  朱平 《生命科学研究》2009,13(5):408-412
利用基于经典HP模型的蛋白质序列混沌游走方法(chaos game representation,CGR),给出了RHD基因的蛋白质序列CGR图,可视作蛋白质序列二级结构的一个特征图谱描述.对临床上的血型鉴别有一定的参考价值.另外.还根据由Jeffrey在1990年提出的描绘DNA序列的CGR方法,给出了RHD基因的DNA序列的CGR图.并且根据RHD基因DNA序列的CGR图算出了尺日D基因相应的马尔可夫两步转移概率矩阵,从概率矩阵表可以看出RHD基因对编码氨基酸的三联子的第3个碱基的使用偏好性.  相似文献
2.
对预测蛋白质空间结构的拟物算法的有效性进行理论分析,证明用该拟物算法求得合法的结构存在较大的随机性;给出折叠结构发生冲突的判断条件和提高拟物算法有效性的一些修正方案。  相似文献
3.
氨基酸的亲疏水格点模型是研究蛋白质折叠的一种重要的简化模型,其优化问题是一个非确定型的多项式问题。采用蚂蚁群落优化算法对这一问题进行了研究,对测试数据的计算结果表明,在一定规模下,此算法能够有效地获得亲-疏水格点模型的最优解,其效率优于传统的Monte Carlo仿真等方法。  相似文献
4.
A branch and bound algorithm is proposed for the two-dimensional protein folding problem in the HP lattice model. In this algorithm, the benefit of each possible location of hydrophobic monomers is evaluated and only promising nodes are kept for further branching at each level. The proposed algorithm is compared with other well-known methods for 10 benchmark sequences with lengths ranging from 20 to 100 monomers. The results indicate that our method is a very efficient and promising tool for the protein folding problem.  相似文献
5.
The hydrophobic interaction is the main driving force for protein folding. Here, we address the question of what is the optimal fraction, f of hydrophobic (H) residues required to ensure protein collapse. For very small f (say f<0.1), the protein chain is expected to behave as a random coil, where the H residues are "wrapped" locally by polar (P) residues. However, for large enough f this local coverage cannot be achieved and the thermodynamic alternative to avoid contact with water is burying the H residues in the interior of a compact chain structure. The interior also contains P residues that are known to be clustered to optimize their electrostatic interactions. This means that the H residues are clustered as well, i.e. they effectively attract each other like the H-monomers in Dill's HP lattice model. Previously, we asked the question: assuming that the H monomers in the HP model are distributed randomly along the chain, what fraction of them is required to ensure a compact ground state? We claimed there that f approximately p(c), where p(c) is the site percolation threshold of the lattice (in a percolation experiment, each site of an initially empty lattice is visited and a particle is placed there with a probability p. The interest is in the critical (minimal) value, p(c), for which percolation occurs, i.e. a cluster connecting the opposite sides of the lattice is created). Due to the above correspondence between the HP model and real proteins (and assuming that the H residues are distributed at random) we suggest that the experimental f should lead to percolating clusters of H residues over the highly dense protein core, i.e. clusters of the core size. To check this theory, we treat a simplified model consisting of H and P residues represented by their alpha-carbon atoms only. The structure is defined by the C(alpha)-C(alpha) virtual bond lengths, angles and dihedral angles, and the X-ray structure is best-fitted onto a face-centered cubic lattice. Percolation experiments are carried out for 103 single-chain proteins using six different hydrophobic sets of residues. Indeed, on average, percolating clusters are generated, which supports our theory; however, some sets lead to a better core coverage than others. We also calculate the largest actual hydrophobic cluster of each protein and show that, on average, these clusters span the core, again in accord with our theory. We discuss the effect of protein size, deviations from the average picture, and implications of this study for defining reliable simplified models of proteins.  相似文献
6.
With the highly simplified hydrophobic-polar model representation of a protein, we can study essential qualitative physics without an unnecessarily large computational overhead. Using Wang-Landau sampling in conjunction with a set of efficient Monte Carlo trial moves, we studied the adsorption of short HP lattice proteins on various simple patterned substrates and in particular for checkered patterned surfaces. A set of single-site mutated HP proteins is used to investigate the role of hydrophobicity of a protein chain and surface pattern for substrates with various pattern cell sizes relative to the protein’s native configuration. For most cases, we found that the adsorption transition occurs at a lower temperature, while the hydrophobic core formation is less affected. The flattening procedure after the HP protein is adsorbed is more sensitive to the change in surface patterns and single-site mutations. These observations stay valid for both strongly and weakly attractive surfaces.  相似文献
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