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1.
表达谱基因芯片的可靠性验证分析   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
cDNA芯片是一项新兴的能评估检测全范围mRNA表达水平变化的技术。通过同种组织RNA自身比较实验及不同组织RNA的差异分析实验对cDNA芯片实验的重复性进行检验,利用相关系数(correlation coefficient,R)、变异系数(coefficient of variation,CV)和假阳性率(false positiver ate,FPR)分析eDNA芯片数据的可靠程度,对cDNA芯片实验数据作了整体的评估。结果证实,该芯片系统得到的cDNA表达谱数据相关系数一般大于0.9,平均变异系数15%左右,假阳性率控制在3%以内。还提出一致率(consistence rate,CR)的概念,作为衡量cDNA芯片系统重复性的新参数,同时阐述了该参数优于目前常用的相关系数及变异系数的特点。另外,通过比较芯片制备中点样浓度、mRNA和总RNA以及不同批次芯片和不同标记过程对实验的影响,来分析芯片数据的系统误差来源。并提出重复两次实验,可以克服绝大部分实验系统引入的假阳性。  相似文献
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淋巴细胞上的非神经性乙酰胆碱系统   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5       下载免费PDF全文
尽管乙酰胆碱作为神经递质存在于哺乳动物神经系统中的事实已广为人知,但近年来在淋巴细胞等非神经性组织和细胞中也发现了乙酰胆碱。淋巴细胞具备一个独立的非神经性乙酰胆碱系统,包括:乙酰胆碱、胆碱酯酶、胆碱乙酰转移酶、毒蕈碱乙酰胆碱受体和烟碱能乙酰胆碱受体等组分。免疫系统与淋巴细胞胆碱能系统之间可以相互作用。免疫刺激后的淋巴细胞可增强胆碱能系统的表达;激活后的乙酰胆碱受体参与淋巴细胞的免疫调节。淋巴细胞上胆碱能系统的这些发现将为相关疾病的研究和寻找有效的防治药物提供新的研究思路。  相似文献
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基因芯片技术在病原细菌检测中的应用   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
基因芯片技术具有快速、高通量、平行化等优点,在病原细菌检测中有广泛的应用前景,选择细菌适宜的靶基因是芯片制备的关键之一。用细菌核糖体基因做靶基因的芯片技术,虽然应用广泛,但仍存在一些不足,随着基因组信息及基因功能的深入研究,包括毒力基因、耐药基因等具有较好种属特异性的细菌基因不断被发现,为芯片技术检测病原细菌提供了更多特异的靶基因,使检测结果更加灵敏、准确,在病原细菌研究中将发挥更大的作用。  相似文献
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In this paper,we developed a rapid and accurate method for the detection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains,using multiplex PCR and DNA-DNA hybridization.Multiplex PCR was used to simultaneously amplify three diagnostic genes(tlh,tdh and fia)that serve as molecular markers of V.parahaemolyticus.Biotinylated PCR products were hybridized to primers immobilized on a microarray,and detected by chemiluminesce with avidin-conjugated alkaline phosphatase.With this method,forty-five samples were tested.Eight known virulent strains (tlh+/tdh+/fia+)and four known avirulent strains(tlh+/tdh-/fla+)of the V.parahaemolyttcus were successtuny aetectea,ana no non-spectnc hybridization and cross-hybridization reaction were found from fifteen closely-related strains(tin-/tdh-/fta+)or the Vibrio spp.In addition,all the other eighteen strains of non-Vibrio bacteria(tlh-/tdh-/fla-)gave negative results.The DNA microarray successfully distinguished V.parahaemolyticus from other Vibrio spp.The results demonstrated that this was an efficient and robust method for identifying virulent strains of V.parahaemolyticus.  相似文献
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Sustainable development requires the promotion of environmental management and a constant search for new technologies to treat a wide range of aquatic and terrestrial habitats contaminated by increasing anthropogenic activities. Bioremediation, i.e. the elimination of natural or xenobiotic pollutants by living organisms, is an environmentally friendly and cost-effective alternative to physico-chemical cleanup options. However, the strategy and outcome of bioremediation in open systems or confined environments depend on a variety of physico-chemical and biological factors that need to be assessed and monitored. In particular, microorganisms are key players in bioremediation applications, yet their catabolic potential and their dynamics in situ remain poorly characterized. To perform a comprehensive assessment of the biodegradative potential of a contaminated site and efficiently monitor changes in the structure and activities of microbial communities involved in bioremediation processes, sensitive, fast and large-scale methods are needed. Over the last few years, the scientific literature has revealed the progressive emergence of genomic high-throughput technologies in environmental microbiology and biotechnology. In this review, we discuss various high--throughput techniques and their possible--or already demonstrated-application to assess biotreatment of contaminated environments.  相似文献
8.
基于生物信息学方法发现潜在药物靶标   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
药物靶点通常是在代谢或信号通路中与特定疾病或病理状态有关的关键分子.通过绑定到特定活动区域抑制这个关键分子进行药物设计.确定特定疾病有关的靶标分子是现代新药开发的基础.在药物靶标发现的过程中,生物信息学方法发挥了不可替代的重要的作用,尤其适用于大规模多组学数据的分析.目前,已涌现了许多与疾病相关的数据库资源,基于生物网络特征、多基因芯片、蛋白质组、代谢组数据等建立了多种生物信息学方法发现潜在的药物靶标,并预测靶标可药性和药物副作用.  相似文献
9.
To increase our understanding of the impact of land use/cover changes on soil microbial decomposition genes involved in organic carbon decomposition, we analyzed soil samples in four sites with different land cover/use histories in a subalpine region of western Sichuan. One site was in a primitive Abies faxoniana forest, the second and the third sites were spruce plantations established in 1960's and 1980's, respectively, and the fourth site was in a cropland dating back to 1960's. The genomic DNA from the microbial community was isolated and hybridized against a functional gene microarray containing 1,961 probes. There were 39, 62, 41, and 28 gene probes with statistically significant positive signals and the gene diversity index (H') values were 3.59, 4.04, 3.70 and 3.16 in primitive forest, spruce plantations established in 1960s and 1980s and cropland, respectively. The results suggested that the number of functional genes and the gene diversity index were correlated with increasing amounts of soil organic carbon, except in the primitive Abies faxoniana forest site. cluster analysis demonstrated that primitive forest soil was clustered more closely to soil from the spruce plantation established in 1960s.  相似文献
10.
To test the efficacy of combined high-throughput analyses (HTA) in target gene identification, screening criteria were set using >fivefold difference by microarray and statistically significant changes (p < 0.01) in SAGE and EST. Microarray analysis of two normal and seven breast cancer samples found 129 genes with >fivefold changes. Further SAGE and EST analyses of these genes identified four qualified genes, ERBB2, GATA3, AGR2, and ANXA1. Their expression pattern was validated by RT-PCR in both breast cell lines and tissue samples. Loss of ANXA1 in breast cancer was further confirmed at mRNA level by Human Breast Cancer Tissue Profiling Array and at protein level by immunohistochemical staining. This study demonstrated that combined HTA effectively narrowed the number of genes for further study, while retaining the sensitivity in identifying biologically important genes such as ERBB2 and ANXA1. A distinctive loss of ANXA1 in breast cancer suggests its involvement in maintaining normal breast biology.  相似文献
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