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1.
There is broad human exposure to estrogenic endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), but the data sets that exist are primarily for various environmental media such as food and water rather than the most relevant internal exposure. We have detected various kind of EDC contamination in humans including dioxin and bisphenol A (BPA) widely used for the production of plastic products. BPA was present in serum and follicular fluid at approximately 1–2 ng/ml, as well as in fetal serum and full-term amniotic fluid, confirming passage through the placenta. An approximately five-fold higher concentration, 8.3 ± 8.7 ng/ml, was revealed in amniotic fluid at 15–18 weeks of gestation, compared to other fluids showing increased exposure at the critical developmental period in humans. Interestingly, serum BPA concentrations were significantly higher in normal men and in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) compared with normal women possibly due to differences in the androgen-related metabolism of BPA. These findings may provide some insight into the metabolism of EDCs in human and the pathophysiology of endocrine disorders such as PCOS. Dioxin contamination in relationship to development of endometriosis is also discussed.  相似文献
2.
哺乳类性别控制的实践与进展   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11       下载免费PDF全文
动物的性别控制是指通过对精子或胚胎的性别鉴定以达到调控子代性别的目的。基于在人类健康及畜牧业生产上的应用价值,动物的性别控制一直是人类期望达到的目标之一。介绍了性别控制的研究历史及最新进展,并着重就不同性别控制手段的理论基础,特点,实践应用价值及未来发展进行了评述。  相似文献
3.
To investigate human exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), a widely used endocrine disruptor, we measured serum BPA concentrations and analyzed the interrelation of BPA with sex-related hormones. BPA was detected in all human sera by a novel enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Serum BPA concentrations were significantly higher in normal men (1.49 +/- 0.11 ng/ml; P < 0.01) and in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (1.04 +/- 0.10 ng/ml; P < 0.05) compared with normal women (0.64 +/- 0.10 ng/ml). There were significant positive correlations between serum BPA and total testosterone (r = 0.595, P < 0.001) and free testosterone (r = 0.609, P < 0.001) concentrations in all subjects and likewise between serum BPA and total testosterone (r = 0.559, P < 0.01) and free testosterone (r = 0.598, P < 0.001) concentrations in all female subjects, but not between serum BPA and other sex-related hormone concentrations in any group. These findings showed that there are gender differences in serum BPA concentrations, possibly due to differences in the androgen-related metabolism of BPA.  相似文献
4.
与黄独(Dioscorea bulbifera)性别相关的RAPD-SCAR标记研究   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
对黄独(Dioscorea bulbiferaL.)14个居群42个单株的总DNA进行RAPD分析,并根据测序结果合成1对特异的SCAR引物,即5′-GGCTTCTGTCACTACATGGG-3′和5′-GGCTTCTGTCCAGTGCATCT-3′,对42个单株的总DNA进行检测,扩增到1条长681 bp的与雄性相关的特异片段。除形态上有一定变异的4个单株外,这个与雄性相关的RAPD-SCAR标记在黄独原变种的29个单株中验证准确,在可能为其变种的9个单株中部分验证准确,表明该RAPD-SCAR标记能够准确标记黄独的原变种及一些变种的雄性性别。  相似文献
5.
6.
大麻染色体行为分析   总被引:6,自引:1,他引:5  
以大麻不同性别的植株为材料,常规压片法观察细胞染色体行为规律。核型分析结果表明:大麻雌雄株的体细胞染色体数目均为2n=20,核型公式分别为雌株2n=2x=20=18m 2sm,雄株2n=2x=20=18m 2sm(1SAT)。雌株体细胞中有2条X染色体,而雄株只有一条X染色体和一条具有大随体的Y染色体。雌雄株核型均为2A型,为较对称核型。这一结果可为进一步研究大麻性别的分化机制提供细胞遗传学理论依据。  相似文献
7.
Differential gene expression of cultured human osteoblasts.   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
Human cells with osteogenic capacity were studied for differential gene expression. In the first part of the study we compared gene expression of marrow stroma cells (MSC) in comparison to matured osteoblasts cultured from trabecular bone (TBC) that were analyzed by RT-PCR for series of messages. High expression was detected for PTH-r, TGFb1 and biglycan in TBC compared to MSC's. The messages for c-MYC, IL-6, IL-11, M-CSF, osteonectin, and osteocalcin were expressed at the same level in the two populations of cells. In the second part of the study, we analyzed gene expression within the MSC derived from 25 donors (2.5-49 years old) with respect to donors' age and gender. Increased message levels for M-CSF and biglycan were measured in correlation with age of the donors. Gender differences did not affect the expression of cytokines studied (IL-6, IL-11, MCSF, TGFb1). We investigated the effect of Dexamethasone treatment on MSC and monitored an increased expression of IL-11, M-CSF, biglycan, and osteocalcin messages. This study employs primary cell systems (MSC and TBC) to illustrate differential gene expression by osteoblastic cells. The expression was correlated with maturation status of the cells with respect to differences between donors.  相似文献
8.
Vigilance in vertebrates is often inversely related to group size. We present evidence that distance to bushes and location within the herd are also critical factors in vigilance in springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) in Etosha National Park, Namibia, where they are the preferred prey of cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus). Most springbok feed in heterospecific herds, both by grazing on grass and browsing on bushes. We studied 1245 animals; variations in vigilance (time alert) were explained by location within the herd, distance to bushes and roads, number of springbok in each herd, and gender and age. Vigilance time decreased with increasing herd size, with increasing distance to bushes and roads, and with density. Springbok on the edge of herds devoted significantly more time to vigilance than did those in other locations, and vigilance in edge animals decreased with group size. Adults were more vigilant than young, and males were more vigilant than females. Position within the herd, and distance from bushes, were the most important variables influencing vigilance. Location in the herd and gender/age affected both browsing and grazing springbok, although other factors accounted for the differences in vigilance between browsing and grazing springbok: 1) group size was not significant for browsers, but it was for grazers, and 2) distances to bushes and road were not significant for browsers, but they were for grazers. These data relate to the risk from predators and the benefits from other group members. Springbok in bushes cannot see all members of the herd, cannot derive early warning from many group members, and are more at risk from predators because the latter can hide in the bushes. Received: 17 May 1999 / Received in revised form: 30 August 1999 / Accepted: 29 November 1999  相似文献
9.
Sry and the hesitant beginnings of male development   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
In mammals, Sry (sex-determining region Y gene) is the master regulator of male sex determination. The discovery of Sry in 1990 was expected to provide the key to unravelling the network of gene regulation underlying testis development. Intriguingly, no target gene of SRY protein has yet been discovered, and the mechanisms by which it mediates its developmental functions are still elusive. What is clear is that instead of the robust gene one might expect as the pillar of male sexual development, Sry function hangs by a thin thread, a situation that has profound biological, medical and evolutionary implications.  相似文献
10.
深水网箱养殖卵形鲳鲹血液指标   总被引:5,自引:1,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
对深水网箱养殖卵形鲳鲹(Trachinotus ovatus)成鱼的部分血液性状和血清生化指标进行测定比较.结果显示,雌、雄成鱼红细胞数量(RBC)、白细胞数量(WBC)、血细胞比容(Ht)、红细胞沉降率(ESR)等血液性状不存在显著性差异.血清指标中雌、雄成鱼血糖(GLU)的含量分别为(10.24±1.25)mmol/L、(17.36±1.34)mmol/L,存在极显著差异;雌鱼血清中低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL-C)、钾离子(K+)、谷丙转氨酶(ALT)、谷草转氨酶(AST)浓度大于雄鱼(P<0.05);雄鱼血清中肌酐(CREA)、钠离子(Na+)浓度大于雌鱼(P<0.05);尿酸(UA)、尿素氮(BUN)、甘油三酯(TG)、总胆固醇(TC)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)、γ-谷氨酰转肽酶(γ-GT)、总蛋白(TP)、白蛋白(ALB)、球蛋白(GLB)、白蛋白/球蛋白(ALB/GLB)、钙离子(Ca2+)、氯离子(Cl-)、无机磷(PO43-)等指标,雌雄差异不显著.卵形鲳鲹部分生化指标存在雌雄差异,可能与个体的生理状况有关.结果可为卵形鲳鲹血液生理研究提供基础资料.  相似文献
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