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1.
Wang XX  Liu R  Jin SQ  Fan FY  Zhan QM 《Cell research》2006,16(4):356-366
Attrora-A kinase, a serine/threonine protein kinase, is a potential oncogene. Amplification and overexpression of Aurora-A have been found in several types of human tumors, including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). It has been demonstrated that cells overexpressing Attrora-A are more resistant to cisplatin-induced apoptosis. However, the molecular mechanisms mediating these effects remain largely unknown. In this report, we showed that overexpression of Attrora-A through stable transfection of pEGFP-Aurora-A in human ESCC KYSE150 cells significantly promoted cell proliferation and inhibited cisplatin- or UV irradiation-induced apoptosis. Cleavages of caspase-3 and poly (ADPribose) polymerase (PARP) in Attrora-A overexpressing cells were substantially reduced after cisplatin or UV treatment. Furthermore, we found that silencing of endogenous Aurora-A kinase with siRNA substantially enhanced sensitivity to cisplatin- or UV-induced apoptosis in human ESCC EC9706 cells. In parallel, overexpression of Aurora-A potently upregulated the expression of Bcl-2. Moreover, the knockdown of Bcl-2 by siRNA abrogated the Aurora-A's effect on inhibiting apoptosis. Taken together, these data provide evidence that Aurora-A overexpression promoting cell proliferation and inhibiting apoptosis, suggesting a novel mechanism that is closely related to malignant phenotype and anti-cancer drugs resistance of ESCC cells.  相似文献
2.
The EGF (epidermal growth factor) receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor ZD1839 (Gefitinib, 'Iressa') blocks the cell signaling pathways involved in cell proliferation, survival, and angiogenesis in various cancer cells. TNF-related death apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) acts as an anticancer agent. We investigated the antitumor effects of ZD1839 alone or in combination with TRAIL against human esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) lines. Although all ESCC cells expressed EGF receptor at a protein level, the effect of ZD1839 on cell growth did not correlate with the level of EGFR expression and phosphorylation of EGF receptor protein in ESCC lines. ZD1839 caused a dose-dependent growth arrest at G0-G1 phase associated with increased p27 expression. As TE8 cells are resistant to TRAIL, we tested whether ZD1839 combined with TRAIL induced apoptosis of TE8 cells via the inhibition of EGF receptor signaling by ZD1839. ZD1839 inhibited the phosphorylation of Akt, and enhanced TRAIL-induced apoptosis via activation of caspase-3 and caspase-9, and inactivation of Bcl-xL. Our results indicated that ZD1839 has anti-cancer properties against human esophageal cancer cells. ZD1839 also augmented the anti-cancer activity of TRAIL, even in TRAIL-resistant tumors. These results suggest that treatment with ZD1839 and TRAIL may have potential in the treatment of ESCC patients.  相似文献
3.
Zhou G  Li H  Gong Y  Zhao Y  Cheng J  Lee P  Zhao Y 《Proteomics》2005,5(14):3814-3821
Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus (ESCC), a major subtype of esophageal carcinoma, is one of the aggressive cancers with worst prognosis in the world. The dismal outcome of ESCC is attributed to multiple reasons including its aggressive nature, largely unknown molecular mechanism of its progression, and the lack of biomarkers for early detection and effective prediction of its clinical behavior. To identify proteins with prognostic and/or predictive value, we applied a proteomics strategy to quantify proteins differentially expressed in ESCC using matched samples of carcinoma and adjacent normal epithelial cells. The analysis led to identification of 28 proteins aberrantly expressed in cancer cells with changes of at least three-fold in ESCC relative to normal squamous epithelial cells. These changes represent functional alterations of essential proteins for normal cellular physiology, accounting for many cellular changes involved in development of ESCC, including cell transformation, loss of differentiation, tumor growth, apoptosis, tumor invasion, and cell metabolism. The differentially expressed proteins shed new insights on the mechanism of tumorigenesis and provide candidate biomarkers for early detection of ESCC.  相似文献
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5.
亚甲基四氢叶酸还原酶(MTHFR)在叶酸代谢中起重要作用.MTHFR基因第677位核苷酸的多态性(C→T)能影响其酶活性并与肿瘤易感性有关.为比较中国北方人群MTHFR C677T多态性与食管鳞状细胞癌(ESCC)易感性之间的关系, 通过高速实时聚合酶链反应(real-time PCR)和解链曲线(melting curve)方法分析了189名ESCC患者和141名健康对照的MTHFR C677T多态性位点的基因型.结果显示,健康对照组的MTHFR C/C(纯合野生)、C/T和T/T(纯合突变)基因型的频率分别为17.7%、38.3%和44.0%.ESCC患者的T/T基因型频率(42.3%)与健康对照组无显著差异(χ2=0.089, P>0.05),其C/T基因型频率(49.2%)仅略高于对照组(χ2=3.890, P<0.05),而患者组的C/C基因型频率(8.5%)显著低于健康对照组(17.7%) (χ2=6.37, P=0.012).与C/T和T/T基因型相比,C/C基因型可显著降低ESCC的发病风险(相对风险度的比值比(OR)=0.43, 95%可信区间(CI)=0.22~0.84),在吸烟者和有上消化道肿瘤家族史的患者中这一倾向更加明显.研究提示,在中国北方人群中, MTHFR C677T纯合野生基因型对ESCC的发病起保护作用.  相似文献
6.
Background. Certain regions of South Africa exhibit an extraordinarily high incidence of esophageal carcinoma that develops via an esophagitis–dysplasia–carcinoma sequence. Bacteria belonging to the family Helicobacteraceae are candidates for involvement in the initiation of the esophagitis. We investigated patients with esophageal carcinoma for the occurrence of Helicobacter‐related species. Methods. Biopsies from tumor and nonlesional tissue of the esophagus from nine patients with squamous cell carcinoma were investigated for Helicobacteraceae using a PCR‐based method targeting the 16S rRNA gene. Results. Four out of nine patients tested negative, while samples from the other five patients revealed an infection by different Helicobacter species. Sequence analysis of the PCR fragments led to the identification of a hitherto unknown bacterium in three of these patients. Phylogenetically, this bacterium was assigned to the genus Wolinella within the family of Helicobacteraceae. Helicobacter pylori was identified in three patients, and one revealed a coinfection with the novel Wolinella species. Conclusions. Helicobacteraceae were detected in approximately 50% of South African patients with esophageal carcinoma. Furthermore, a novel bacterium was identified that might be linked to the enhanced incidence of esophagitis and subsequent malignant disease in South Africa.  相似文献
7.
Recently many studies have focused on the microRNA-34 (miR-34) family expression in various cancers; nevertheless, the controversial results of these studies still exist in identifying miR-34 members as new biomarkers of cancers. Therefore, we carried out this comprehensive meta-analysis of published studies that compared the miR-34 family expression profiles between cancer tissues and paired neighboring noncancerous tissues to systemically evaluate the findings globally and address the inconsistencies of pertinent literatures. The data included in this article were collected from Embase, PubMed and Web of Science up to December 2013. To overcome the difficulties that many raw data were unavailable and study methods were different, a vote-counting strategy was adopted to identify consistent markers in our analysis. Ultimately, a total of 23 cancers were reported in the 61 eligible studies, of which 46 studies provided fold-change value information. In the consistently reported cancer types, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), glioma and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) ranked at the top with down-regulated feature. Cervical neoplasm was consistently reported to be over-expressed in the panel of each member of miR-34s. Subgroup analysis of miR-34 family expression demonstrated that colorectal cancer (CRC), gastric cancer (GC), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and prostate cancer (PCa) were most frequently reported with inconsistent regulations. Our meta-analysis showed that miR-34 family members could be expected to become potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in some types of human cancers. Further well-designed and larger sample studies are surely warranted to identify the role of the miR-34 family in the occurrence and development of tumors.  相似文献
8.
Cilia/flagella are evolutionarily conserved cellular organelles. In this study, we demonstrated that Dunaliella salina Peroxiredoxin 1 (DsPrdx1) localized to the flagella and basal bodies, and was involved in flagellar disassembly. The link between DsPrdx1 and flagella of Dunaliella salina (D. salina) encouraged us to explore the function of its human homologue, Homo sapiens Peroxiredoxin 1 (HsPrdx1) in development and physiology. Our results showed that HsPrdx1 was overexpressed, and cilia were lost in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells compared with the non-cancerous esophageal epithelial cells Het-1A. Furthermore, when HsPrdx1 was knocked down by short hairpin RNA (shRNA) lentivirus in ESCC cells, the phenotype of cilia lost can be reversed, and the expression levels of tumor suppressor genes LKB1 and p-AMPK were increased, and the activity of the oncogene Aurora A was inhibited compared with those in cells transfected with scrambe-shRNA lentivirus. These findings firstly showed that Prdx1 is involved in disassembly of flagella and cilia, and suggested that the abnormal expression of the cilia-related gene including Prdx1 may affect both ciliogenesis and cancernogenesis.  相似文献
9.
BIIB021 is a novel, orally available inhibitor of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) that is currently in phase I/II clinical trials. BIIB021 induces the apoptosis of various types of tumor cells in vitro and in vivo. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of BIIB021 on the radiosensitivity of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The results indicated that BIIB021 exhibited strong antitumor activity in ESCC cell lines, either as a single agent or in combination with radiation. BIIB021 significantly downregulated radioresistant proteins including EGFR, Akt, Raf-1 of ESCC cell lines, increased apoptotic cells and enhanced G2 arrest that is more radiosensitive cell cycle phase. These results suggest that this synthetic Hsp90 inhibitor simultaneously affects multiple pathways involved in tumor development and progression in the ESCC setting and may represent a better strategy for the treatment of ESCC patients, either as a monotherapy or a radiosensitizer.  相似文献
10.
Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor type 2 (SPINT2), a Kunitz-type serine proteinase inhibitor, has been identified as a putative tumor suppressor gene silenced by promoter methylation. We aimed to investigate whether SPINT2 might act as an esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tumor suppressor gene. Four ESCC cell lines, Fifty-two ESCC tissues and twenty-nine neighboring non-cancerous tissues were included in this study. The expression of SPINT2 was monitored by real time PCR. Bisulfite genomic sequencing and methylation-specific PCR were used to analyze methylation status. The effect of SPINT2 on cell proliferation and apoptosis in EC109 and EC9706 cells was observed by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometric analysis. We found that silencing of SPINT2 was associated with promoter methylation in ESCC cell lines. The densely methylated SPINT2 promoter region was confirmed by bisulfite genomic sequencing. Ectopic expression of SPINT2 inhibited cell proliferation through inducing cell apoptosis in vitro. Furthermore, methylation-specific PCR analysis revealed that SPINT2 promoter methylation was prominent in carcinoma tissues (52.08%) compared with neighboring non-cancerous tissues (22.58%). Kaplan–Meier analysis showed that patients with SPINT2 hypermethylation had shorter survival time. The tumor suppressor gene of SPINT2 is commonly silenced by promoter hypermethylation in human ESCC and SPINT2 hypermethylation is correlated with poor overall survival, implicating SPINT2 is an underlying prognostic marker for human ESCC.  相似文献
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