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1.
Eotaxin-1/CCL11, eotaxin-2/CCL24, and eotaxin-3/CCL26 bind specifically and exclusively to CC chemokine receptor (CCR) 3, which is a potential therapeutic target in treating the peribronchial eosinophilia associated with allergic airway diseases. Bronchial epithelial cells represent an important source of chemokines, and thus we investigated in vitro and in vivo expression of eotaxin-2 and eotaxin-3 in bronchial epithelial cells in comparison with that of eotaxin-1. Immunohistochemistry showed increased expression of both eotaxin-2 and eotaxin-3 in addition to eotaxin-1 in asthmatics. Considerable amounts of eotaxins were secreted by bronchial epithelial lineage. As with eotaxin-1 production, generation of eotaxin-2 and eotaxin-3 by bronchial epithelial cells was up-regulated by IL-4 and IL-13, and attenuated by IFN-gamma and glucocorticoids. In addition to eotaxin-1 expression, but also eotaxin-2 and eotaxin-3 expression in the bronchial epithelium should be taken into consideration when developing the therapeutic strategies to treat eosinophilic airway diseases.  相似文献
2.
骨嗜酸性肉芽肿放射治疗临床分析   总被引:13,自引:0,他引:13  
目的:探讨骨嗜酸性肉芽肿的治疗方法。方法:对近5年来我院收治经病理证实的12例骨嗜酸性肉芽肿的治疗进行临床回顾性研究。结果:随访1.5a~6a,其中11例患者行局部肿块刮除和放射治疗30Cy后治愈,1例复发,行再程治疗后治愈,总有效率为100%。结论:骨嗜酸性内芽肿治疗采用手术局部肿块刮除和放射治疗,可取得良好效果。  相似文献
3.
为了探讨肺内调节肽在各类过敏性炎症发生,发展中的作用,我们观察了血管活性肠肽(vasoactive intestinal peptide,VIP)、表皮生长因子(epidermal growth factor,EGF)、内皮素-1(endothelin-1,ET-1)、降钙素基因相关肽(calcitonin gene-related peptide,CGRP)在未受应激与臭氧应激两种条件下对支气管上皮细胞(bronchial epithelial cell,BEC)与嗜酸性粒细胞(eosinophil,EOS)粘附的影响,结果发现,VIP、EGF可使O3应激的BEC与EOS的粘附率下降,下调气道上皮炎症反应:ET-1、CGRP可使未受应激的BEC与EOS的粘附率增加,诱发炎症损伤反应;CGRP还能加重臭氧的应激反应;ET-1、CGRP的效应可被W7、H7阻断,抗细胞间粘附分子-1(intercel-lular adhesion molecule,ICAM-1)抗体能阻断BEC与EOS的粘附,提示介导BEC与EOS粘附的粘附分子可能是ICAM-1。  相似文献
4.
目的和方法:为探讨血管活性肠肽(VIP)对嗜酸性粒细胞功能的调节,采用密度梯度离心法分离健康志愿者外周血嗜酸性粒细胞(Eos),培养人脐带静脉血管内皮细胞(HUVEC),然后分别与VIP和IL-1β共育,再以血小板激活因子(PAF)活化Eos,用嗜酸性过氧化物酶(EPO)活性评估Eos的过氧化反应和脱颗粒反应,以白细胞单层粘附试验测定Eos和EC之间的粘附作用。结果:VIP能抑制PAF致Eos的E  相似文献
5.
6.
Divergent effect of mometasone on human eosinophil and neutrophil apoptosis   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
Mometasone is a potent synthetic glucocorticoid, which is under development as an inhaled preparation for the treatment of asthma. Previous studies have suggested that glucocorticoids have direct effects on human eosinophil and neutrophil apoptosis. The present study was designed to characterize the effects of mometasone on constitutive apoptosis and cytokine-afforded survival in isolated human eosinophils and neutrophils. The isolated eosinophils or neutrophils were cultured in vitro, and apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometric analysis of relative DNA content, by annexin-V binding and morphological analysis. Mometasone enhanced constitutive human eosinophil apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner. The maximal enhancement of eosinophil apoptosis was 2.1-fold with an EC(50) value of 5.63 +/- 2.33 nM. This enhancing effect was reversed by the glucocorticoid receptor antagonist, mifepristone. In the presence of added cytokines, mometasone reversed tumor necrosis factor -alpha-induced eosinophil survival but not that afforded by interleukin -5. In contrast, mometasone inhibited human neutrophil apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner. The maximal inhibition of neutrophil apoptosis was 50% with an EC(50) value of 0.17 +/- 0.03 nM. The inhibitory effect was partly reversed by mifepristone. In the presence of added cytokines, mometasone further enhanced neutrophil survival induced by the granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and leukotriene B(4). The present data suggests that mometasone has opposite effects on apoptosis of human eosinophils and neutrophils at clinically relevant drug concentrations via an effect on glucocorticoid receptor.  相似文献
7.
Nucleic acid damage by reactive nitrogen and oxygen species may contribute to the carcinogenesis associated with chronic infection and inflammation. We examined 8-nitroguanine and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) formation and nitric oxide (NO) production in hamsters infected with Opisthorchis viverrini (OV). Formation of 8-nitroguanine was assessed immunohistochemically with an antibody specific for 8-nitroguanine. 8-nitroguanine formation was found mainly in the cytoplasm and slightly in the nucleus of inflammatory cells and epithelial lining of bile duct at inflammatory areas in the liver. 8-nitroguanine immunoreactivity reached the highest intensity on day 30. A time profile of 8-nitroguanine formation was closely associated with that of plasma nitrate/nitrite. HPLC with an electrochemical detector revealed that the amount of 8-oxodG in the liver reached the maximal level on day 21. The mechanisms of 8-oxodG and 8-nitroguanine formation via O2*- and NO production triggered by OV infection were discussed in relation to cholangiocarcinoma development.  相似文献
8.
Lung HL  Ip WK  Wong CK  Mak NK  Chen ZY  Leung KN 《Life sciences》2002,72(3):257-268
A novel approach for the treatment of leukemia is the differentiation therapy in which immature leukemia cells are induced to attain a mature phenotype when exposed to differentiation inducers, either alone or in combinations with other chemotherapeutic or chemopreventive drugs. Over the past decade, numerous studies indicated that green tea catechins (GTC) could suppress the growth and induce apoptosis on a number of human cancer cell lines. However, the differentiation-inducing activity of GTC on human tumors remains poorly understood. In the present study, the effect of the major GTC epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on the proliferation and differentiation of a human eosinophilc leukemic cell line, EoL-1, was examined. Our results showed that EGCG suppressed the proliferation of the EoL-1 cells in a dose-dependent manner, with an estimated IC(50) value of 31.5 microM. On the other hand, EGCG at a concentration of 40 microM could trigger the EoL-1 cells to undergo morphological differentiation into mature eosinophil-like cells. Using RT-PCR and flow cytometry, it was found that EGCG upregulated the gene and protein expression of two eosinophil-specific granule proteins, the major basic protein (MBP) and eosinophil peroxidase (EPO), in EoL-1 cells. Taken together, our findings suggest that EGCG can exhibit anti-leukemic activity on a human eosinophilic cell line EoL-1 by suppressing the proliferation and by inducing the differentiation of the leukemia cells.  相似文献
9.
A new stain for identification of avian leukocytes   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
Differential staining of avian leukocytes was achieved within 6 min following brief fixation in a methanolic solution of C.I. acid red 360 followed by immersion in a mixture containing C.I. basic blue 41, C.I. basic blue 141, and C.I. acid red 52. Heterophils contained black angular and punctate granules. Eosinophils contained bright purple granules. Lymphocytes displayed red nuclei and blue cytoplasm. Monocytes contained red-brown nuclei and lavender cytoplasm. Basophils showed red-orange granules. Thrombocytes stained deep purple. Compared to traditional panoptic stains like Wright's or Giemsa's, the new staining method provides brighter colors, more precise details of cellular structures, and shorter staining time. Significantly, it facilitates identification of avian leukocyte species based on differences in color as well as differences in size and shape.  相似文献
10.
前列腺素E_1对肺的细胞保护作用   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2  
孙秀泓  李俊成 《生理学报》1986,38(4):397-402
本文观察到体外培养下,前列腺素E_1 可降低豚鼠巨噬细胞和嗜酸粒细胞对肺细胞的细胞毒作用,可抑制肺泡巨噬细胞的吞噬活性,并能降低标记肺细胞的自发[~3H]释放量。前列腺素E_1 对炎症效应细胞的抑制作用和对肺细胞的保护作用有显著的剂量-效应关系。鉴于巨噬细胞在机体防御和炎症反应中的作用极为重要,而激活巨噬细胞可以释放前列腺素E_1,推论在肺部疾病发展过程中,由激活巨噬细胞释放前列腺素使局部浓度增高时,可以负反馈地调整效应细胞的活力,并对正常肺细胞产生细胞保护作用,以减轻炎症效应细胞对肺组织的伤害。  相似文献
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