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BACKGROUND: Helicobacter species are associated with inflammatory bowel disease in rodents and in nonhuman primates. Therefore, we prospectively investigated the presence of Helicobacter species in the intestinal mucosa of patients with and without Crohn's disease by culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mucosal fragments were obtained from the ileum, different colon regions, and rectum of 43 patients with Crohn's disease and of 74 patients without inflammatory bowel disease. RESULTS: Helicobacter pylori strains, identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, were more frequently isolated and PCR-detected in the intestinal mucosa of patients with ulcerative colitis-like Crohn's disease than in intestinal mucosa of the control group. Otherwise, anti-H. pylori immunoglobulin G levels were significantly lower in fibrostenosing and fistulating Crohn's disease subgroups. No other Helicobacter species were found in the intestinal mucosa of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: Although our results suggest an association between the presence of H. pylori in the intestine and ulcerative colitis-like phenotype of Crohn's disease, H. pylori infection in the actual causality of Crohn's disease is still to be determined.  相似文献
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Summary. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activities are responsible for the enzymatic conversion of L-arginine into NO and L-citrulline. Relatively low amounts of NO are produced in intestinal epithelial cells or are released from nerve endings. The effects of NO production are related to the maintenance of epithelial integrity and permeability. A pathological role of an increased NO production has been suggested to play a role in models of experimental colitis. In humans, NOS activity in colon mucosa from patients with ulcerative colitis is clearly increased when compared with the activity of the control group. In contrast, an increase of NOS activity in the colon mucosa from patients with Crohn's disease remains controversial. In the present work, we have measured NOS activity in colon biopsies originating from the control group (n = 16), from patients with ulcerative colitis (n = 23) and Crohn's disease (n = 17) using the radiochemical method of the conversion of L-[guanido-14C] arginine into radioactive L-citrulline. In the control group, NOS activity was mainly of the inducible type (88% of total NOS activity) since it was characterised by its insensibility to the absence of calcium in the assay medium. In colon biopsies originating from patients with ulcerative colitis, inducible NOS activity was increased 3 fold (p < 0.005) and in patients with Crohn's disease, inducible NOS activity was increased 5 fold (p < 0.005). Correlations between NOS activity in colon biopsies and the intensity parameters of the disease i.e. Truelove index, endoscopic score and histo-logical parameters were evidenced in patients with ulcerative colitis. In contrast, in patients with Crohn's disease, the high inducible NOS activity was not correlated with any intensity parameters of the disease. From these data, we concluded that although inducible NOS activity was increased several fold in colon biopsies originating from patients with both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, a correlation between this activity and the severity of bowel inflammation was not found in either cases. Received August 7, 1999  相似文献
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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract, including ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-) promoter polymorphisms at positions –238 and –308, and to measure the serum CRP levels in CD and UC patients and in a healthy population. The TNF- gene polymorphisms were determined by the PCR-RFLP method. Samples of 74 CD and 50 UC patients and 138 healthy Hungarian volunteers were examined. The GA substitution at position –308 (designated the TNF2 allele) was significantly less frequent among IBD patients than in the control group (P=0.0009); 15% of the CD patients and 18% of the UC patients carried the mentioned allele, which was significantly less frequent compared with the healthy population (33%, P=0.0035 and P=0.036, respectively). No difference in the GA substitution at position –238 was observed. We found the median CRP levels to be significantly higher in the active phase of the disease than in the inactive phase among the –308A allele carriers (P=0.002), while this difference was not significant when the CRP levels in the active and inactive phases were compared among the –308GG homozygous patients (P=0.084). The decreased frequency of the TNF2 allele (known to be associated with elevated TNF- production) in IBD may determine the severity of IBD through its interaction with plasma CRP levels, and may modify the pathogenesis of this chronic inflammatory disease.  相似文献
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There have been suggestions that endothelins (ET-1, ET-2, ET-3) are involved in the pathogenesis of human inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Furthermore, the non-selective endothelin receptor antagonist, bosentan, ameliorates colonic inflammation in TNBS colitis in rats. However, no studies have measured the tissue expression and release of endothelins in human IBD in direct comparison to experimental TNBS colitis. Mucosal biopsies were obtained from 114 patients (42 Crohn's colitis, 35 ulcerative colitis and 37 normal) and compared to whole colonic segments from rats with TNBS colitis. ET-1/2 levels were reduced in human IBD but greatly increased in experimental TNBS colitis. RT-PCR indicated ET-2 was the predominant endothelin isoform in human IBD whereas ET-1 prevailed in the TNBS model. No associations were found between human IBD and tissue expression, content or release of ET-1/2. Our study shows, therefore, that unlike TNBS colitis in rats, in which ET-1/2 levels are greatly elevated and ET receptor antagonists are efficacious, there is no significant link between endothelins and human IBD.  相似文献
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The production of pharmaceutical proteins in plants is creating a broad spectrum of new high-value traits in traditional crop species. As the production of these recombinant proteins moves from bench to field scale, containment and the presence of unwanted secondary metabolites are significant practical issues. We have developed a hybrid male-sterile low-alkaloid tobacco (MSLA) production platform. Recombinant protein is produced in leaves that are harvested prior to flowering. If considered for direct in vivo mammalian use the low-alkaloid background genotype addresses concerns about nicotine, and male sterility further reduces the risk of gene leakage. We have applied this system to the production of human interleukin-10 (phIL-10), a contra-inflammatory cytokine with potential application in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease and autoimmune diseases. Transgenic low-alkaloid tobacco lines properly assembled a biologically active phIL-10 homodimer. Hybrids made by crossing a single homozygous high-expressing phIL-10 line with a MSLA female were field tested in a high density production system and harvested after 30 days. Recombinant phIL-10 yields were found to be similar in the hybrids and the homozygous control. MSLA tobacco is a practical, self-contained system for the production of plant recombinant proteins.  相似文献
7.
Degradation of intestinal glycoproteins by Bacteroides vulgatus   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
Bacteroides vulgatus, isolated from a patient with Crohn's disease, produced in gnotobiotic rats 7 constitutive enzymes that might be concerned with the degradation of intestinal glycoproteins. Furthermore Bacteroides vulgatus caused an almost complete loss of blood group antigenicity of the intestinal glycoproteins. Enzymes with the potency to release toxic compounds from hepatic conjugates and plant glycosides, beta-glucuronidase and beta-glucosidase, respectively, were only detectable in small amounts. These findings indicate that Bacteroides vulgatus, which accounts for 40% of the total flora of patients with Crohn's disease, may play a role in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease, by increasing the break-down of the mucus layer and therefore damaging its protective function.  相似文献
8.
Interleukin-6 trans-signaling in inflammatory bowel disease   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
The pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is complex, involving a wide range of molecules including cytokines. Recent investigations support the important role of an interleukin-6 (IL-6) signaling pathway in the development of IBD. However, the molecular mechanisms of this pathway in the intestine remain incompletely understood. The circulating and intestinal levels of IL-6 as well as soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) are increased in patients with IBD. It is remarkable that the mucosal T cells of IBD patients are extremely resistant to apoptosis and that a large fraction of these cells express membrane-bound gp130 but not IL-6R. The accumulated evidence strongly supports the hypothesis that the development and perpetuation of IBD relies on the increased formation of IL-6/sIL-6R complexes interacting with membrane-bound gp130 on T cells via trans-signaling. These studies suggest that IL-6 trans-signaling may play a role in the development of IBD; they therefore imply the possibility of a selective therapeutic strategy to target this signaling.  相似文献
9.
The nucleotide oligomerization binding domain 2 gene (NOD2) encodes an intracellular receptor for bacterial components, which is expressed in monocytes and is associated with Crohn's Disease (CD). This finding, along with epidemiological evidence, supports a role for infection in the pathogenesis of CD. Speculation that mycobacteria are involved in CD led us to investigate NOD2 in susceptibility to tuberculosis (TB), a global public health problem caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. CD-associated NOD2 variants were absent in a case-control study of 640 Gambians, where CD is rare. Novel NOD2 promoter polymorphisms were identified but showed no association with TB in this African population sample.  相似文献
10.
BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease have lower prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection, but the exact reason for this is not yet clear. AIM: To examine whether the antibiotics frequently used in inflammatory bowel disease are responsible for the lower prevalence of H. pylori infection. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on prolonged previous antibiotic therapy were used for comparison. METHODS: Presence/absence of H. pylori infection was detected by a (13)C-urea breath test in 133 patients with inflammatory bowel disease (82 ulcerative colitis, and 51 Crohn's disease) and compared with that of 135 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and with two age-matched control groups (200 patients each). Primary disease location, duration of disease and detailed analysis of previous and current medication (dose and duration of antibiotics, steroids, 5-aminosalicylic acid) were analysed in each cases. RESULTS: Seventeen of the 133 patients with inflammatory bowel disease [12.2% (10/82) of ulcerative colitis and 13.7% (7/51) of Crohn's disease] and 90/135 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (66.7%) were positive for H. pylori. A total of 78/200 (39%) for the inflammatory-bowel-disease-group-matched controls and 110/210 (55%) for the chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-matched controls were positive for H. pylori. The history of any antibiotic or steroid therapy had no influence on H. pylori status of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of H. pylori compared to the age-matched controls is significantly lower in patients with inflammatory bowel disease but not in those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Antibiotic use is not responsible for the lower prevalence of H. pylori infection in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.  相似文献
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