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排序方式: 共有85条查询结果,搜索用时 59 毫秒
1.
四种鹭类繁殖生态生物学研究   总被引:35,自引:2,他引:33       下载免费PDF全文
本文对夜鹭,白鹭,黄鹭白鹭,池鹭混群在同一巢区的繁殖,种间协高及雏鸟生长进行进行了观察研究,其中黄嘴白路豫南大别山类新纪录,在此繁殖亦为首次发现。几种路在巢位,食性,取食活动和习性方面都表现出其混居同一巢地繁殖的种间协调性,符合高期假说。比较4种鹭鸟雏鸟生长过程中各生长参数。其中池鹭虽个体最小,但体重和各部位生长却对较快。  相似文献
2.
高山雪鸡繁殖生态研究   总被引:14,自引:2,他引:12       下载免费PDF全文
本文报道了高山雪鸡(Tetraogallus himalayensis)的繁殖生态,主要内容包括栖息地,活动规律,雌雄比例,求偶行为,巢和卵,孵化,雏鸟,食物和天敌。  相似文献
3.
中国地方品种鸡生态性状的典型相关分析   总被引:14,自引:0,他引:14       下载免费PDF全文
裴鑫德 《生态学报》1996,16(4):367-374
本文对中国地方品种鸡的生态性状包括体尺性状,产肉性状,产蛋性状及产地气候性状等4组性状间的关系进行了典型相关分析,4组性状共含有19个变量,研究结果对中国地方品种鸡的杂交优势利用和遗传育种有参考价值。  相似文献
4.
东方蝾螈繁殖生态的研究   总被引:13,自引:2,他引:11       下载免费PDF全文
本文报道东方蝾螈(Cynops orientalis)的繁殖生态,内容有精巢分叶、精子形态、怀卵量、性征、性比、求偶、交配、纳精、产卵及孵化等,并对产卵场中性比的周年变化、精包形态、精子存活力及与蓝尾蝾螈的种间差异进行了观察和讨论。  相似文献
5.
红头长尾山雀繁殖生态的研究   总被引:10,自引:2,他引:8  
在安徽合肥紫蓬山区,对红头长尾山雀的繁殖生态进行了系统的观察,并研究了雏鸟的生长特征。研究表明,红头长尾山雀自3月中旬以后开始发情,3月下旬开始营巢,巢位于杉树枝下,球形侧开口或侧顶开口。4月初产卵,每窝平均产6.25枚卵,孵化期为15—16d,孵化率为88%。育维期15—16d,22维全部成活到离巢,雏成活率达100%。体重、翅、嘴峰、跗跖、第5枚初级飞羽和尾羽等形态学参数适合用Logistic曲线方程拟合,拟合参数中,嘴峰的拐点最小,飞羽、翅和尾羽的增长率较高,表明与取食有关的形态优先发育,与飞行有关的形态则在后期发育较快。  相似文献
6.
家燕的繁殖生态及雏鸟生长发育   总被引:8,自引:3,他引:5       下载免费PDF全文
20 0 4年3~1 0月对南充地区家燕(Hirundorustica)的繁殖生态进行了观察,研究了雏鸟生长发育模式。结果表明,家燕2月中旬迁来,9月中旬迁飞。一般年产卵2窝。4月初已见产卵,卵长径(1 9 1 8±0 90 )mm ,短径(1 4 1 8±0 41 )mm ,卵重(2 5 7±0 3 8)g。孵卵期(1 6±1 )d ,育雏期2 2~2 3d。雏鸟体长及外部器官的形态学参数可以用Logistic曲线方程很好地拟合,体长、翅长及1 3日龄前的体重增长曲线均呈“S”型。  相似文献
7.
Cooperative breeding in birds: the role of ecology   总被引:7,自引:2,他引:5  
Theory predicts that cooperative breeding should only occurin species in which certain individuals are constrained frombreeding independently by some peculiarity of the species' ecology.Here, we use comparative methods to examine the role of variationin ecology in explaining differences between taxa in the frequencyof cooperative breeding. We address three questions. First,does the frequency of cooperative breeding vary at just one phylogeneticlevel, or across several levels? Second, are differences inthe frequency of cooperative breeding among closely-relatedspecies correlated with ecology? Last, are ecological differencesbetween ancient lineages important in predisposing certain lineagesto cooperative breeding? We find that variation in the frequencyof cooperative breeding occurs across all phylogenetic levels,with 40% among families and 60% within families. Also, variationin the frequency of cooperative breeding between closely related speciesis associated with ecological differences. However, differencesin the frequency of cooperative breeding among more ancientlineages are not correlated with differences in ecology. Together,our results suggest that cooperative breeding is not due toany single factor, but is a two step-process: life-history predispositionand ecological facilitation. Low annual mortality predisposescertain lineages to cooperative breeding. Subsequently, changesin ecology facilitate the evolution of cooperative breedingwithin these predisposed lineages. The key ecological changesappear to be sedentariness and living in a relatively invariableand warm climate. Thus, although ecological variation is notthe most important factor in predisposing lineages to cooperativebreeding, it is important in determining exactly which speciesor populations in a predisposed lineage will adopt cooperativebreeding.  相似文献
8.
遗鸥(Larus relictus)繁殖生态研究   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
张荫荪  陈容伯 《动物学报》1993,39(2):154-159
本文对世界濒危鸟类—遗鸥的繁殖地生境、留居时间和分布、繁殖行为、种群数量、食性及天敌等做了较系统的记述。于繁殖地,所见遗鸥皆参与繁殖,性比1:1;有581巢,分属8个巢群,巢的密度0.121—0.547巢/m~2,每巢含卵1—4枚,种群繁殖期约两个月,孵化期24—26天,孵化率100%。  相似文献
9.
Helpers in cooperatively breeding species forego all or partof their reproduction when remaining at home and assisting breedersto raise offspring. Different models of reproductive skew generatealternative predictions about the share of reproduction unrelatedsubordinates will get depending on the degree of ecologicalconstraints. Concession models predict a larger share when independentbreeding options are good, whereas restraint and tug-of-warmodels predict no effects on reproductive skew. We tested thesepredictions by determining the share of reproduction by unrelatedmale and female helpers in the Lake Tanganyika cichlid Neolamprologuspulcher depending on experimentally manipulated possibilitiesfor helper dispersal and independent breeding and dependingon helper size and sex. We created 32 breeding groups in thelaboratory, consisting of two breeders and two helpers each,where only the helpers had access to a nearby dispersal compartmentwith (treatment) or without (control) breeding substrate, usinga repeated measures design. We determined the paternity andmaternity of 1185 offspring from 47 broods using five to nineDNA microsatellite loci and found that: (1) helpers participatedin reproduction equally across the treatments, (2) large malehelpers were significantly more likely to reproduce than smallhelpers, and (3) male helpers engaged in significantly morereproduction than female helpers. Interestingly, in four broods,extragroup helper males had fertilized part of the brood. Nohelper evictions from the group after helper reproduction wereobserved. Our results suggest that tug-of-war models based oncompetition over reproduction within groups describe best thereproductive skew observed in our study system. Female breedersproduced larger clutches in the treatment compared to the controlsituation when the large helpers were males. This suggests thatmale breeder-male helper reproductive conflicts may be alleviatedby females producing larger clutches with helpers around.  相似文献
10.
2006年4~5月利用Simrad EY60型分束回声探测仪对珠江西江江段罗旁及青皮塘广东鲂产卵场中的繁殖群体进行水声学探测.在人工标定及渔获物统计的基础上,对广东鲂的回声信号进行了判别.结果表明:广东鲂在两个产卵场都有明显的聚群行为,但在罗旁产卵场的聚群规模明显比青皮塘产卵场的大,频次更多.两个产卵场中广东鲂的繁殖生态行为存在明显差异,在青皮塘江段洄游的速度(均值0.24m/s)也低于罗旁的(均值0.61 m/s);另外,在两个产卵场广东鲂的数量动态变化上存在差异.产卵场生境的差异性是导致广东鲂繁殖生态行为差异的主要原因,维护产卵场生境特征对保护广东鲂种群具重要意义.  相似文献
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