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1.
水溶性羧甲基茯苓次聚糖的合成及性能研究   总被引:3,自引:2,他引:1  
羧甲基茯苓次聚糖具有明显的抗肿瘤活性,有希望作为优良的细胞药物响应的免疫促进剂。本文研究了水溶性羧甲基茯苓次聚糖的合成工艺,确定了β-茯苓次聚糖羧甲基化条件.并用IR、~(13)C NMR对化合物进行了结构表征。  相似文献
2.
Summary One hundred and thirty endophytic fungi isolated from 12 Chinese traditional medicinal plants collected at Yuanmou county and Dawei Mountain, Yunnan province, southwest China, were tested for antitumour and antifungal activities by MTT assay on human gastric tumour cell line BGC-823 and the growth inhibition test against 7 phytopathogenic fungi. The results showed that fermentation broths from 9.2% of the isolates exhibited antitumour activity and 30% exhibited antifungal activity, moreover, some of them exhibited broad-spectrum antifungal activity. The active isolates were identified to 32 taxa. The results indicate that the endophytic fungi of Chinese traditional medicinal plants are promising sources of novel bioactive compounds.  相似文献
3.
AIMS: To examine and illustrate the morphological characteristics and growth kinetics of Cs-HK1, a Tolypocladium fungus, isolated from wild Cordyceps sinensis in solid and liquid cultures, and the major chemical constituents and antitumour effects of Cs-HK1 mycelium. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Cs-HK1 fungus was isolated from the fruiting body of a wild C. sinensis and identified as a Tolypocladium sp. fungus. It grew rapidly at 22-25 degrees C on a liquid medium containing glucose, yeast extract, peptone and major inorganic salts, with a specific growth rate of 1.1 day(-1), reaching a cell density of 23.0 g dw l(-1) in 7-9 days. Exopolysaccharides accumulated in the liquid culture to about 0.3 g l(-1) glucose equivalent. In comparison with natural C. sinensis, the fungal mycelium had similar contents of protein (11.7-microg) and carbohydrate (654.6-microg) but much higher contents of polysaccharide (244.2 mg vs 129.5 mg), adenosine (1116.8-microg vs 264.6 microg) and cordycepin (65.7 microg vs 20.8 microg) (per gram dry weight). Cyclosporin A, an antibiotic commonly produced by Tolypocladium sp., was also detected from the mycelium extract. The hot water extract of mycelium showed low cytotoxic effect on B16 melanoma cells in culture (about 25% inhibition) but significant antitumour effect in animal tests, causing 50% inhibition of B16 cell-induced tumour growth in mice. CONCLUSIONS: The Tolypocladium sp. fungus, Cs-HK1, can be easily cultivated by liquid fermentation. The mycelium biomass contained the major bioactive compounds of C. sinensis, and the mycelium extract had significant antitumour activity. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The Cs-HK1 fungus may be a new and promising medicinal fungus and an effective and economical substitute of the wild C. sinensis for health care.  相似文献
4.
具有生物活性的天然三萜化合物的研究进展   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
三萜类化合物是广泛存在于自然界的一类有机化合物,其中很多具有一定的生物活性。该文着重综述了近五年来具有抗炎、抗菌、抗肿瘤生物活性的天然游离三萜化合物的研究进展。  相似文献
5.
The interaction between some chromopore-modified daunorubicin derivatives and calf thymus DNA was studied using a number of physical techniques in order to investigate the effect substituents on the aromatic ring system have on the capacity to intercalate into DNA and on the DNA binding affinity. The modifications examined include methylation of the hydroxyl groups at the 6 and 11 positions of the B ring and removal of the 11-hydroxyl group. The studies showed that only 11-deoxydaunorubicin retains the ability to bind to DNA by the intercalation mechanism typical of the parent compound, although the structural modification leads to an appreciably weaker binding. In contrast, methylation of any hydroxyl group dramatically reduces the affinity of the drug for DNA. At physiological ionic strength both methyl ether derivatives showed no evidence of intercalation. Structure activity correlations for the intercalation reaction deduced from these studies are in agreement with earlier findings and hypotheses relating to antitumour activity.  相似文献
6.
Isobrassinin (2-(S-methyldithiocarbamoylaminomethyl)indole (7a), a regioisomer of the cruciferous phytoalexin brassinin (1), exerted marked antiproliferative effects on the HeLa, A431 and MCF7 cell lines (>78.6% inhibition at 30 μM). For structure–activity relationships, further analogues were synthesized. The highest cytotoxic effect was displayed by 2-phenylimino-1,3-thiazino[5,6-b]indole (10) (10 μM, 76.8%—HeLa and 46.3%—MCF7). The effect of the natural phytoalexin brassinin was also determined.  相似文献
7.
A new class of compounds, the pyrrolo[2,3-h]quinolin-2-ones, nitrogen isosters of the angular furocoumarin Angelicin, was synthesized with the aim of obtaining new photochemotherapeutic agents with increased antiproliferative activity and lower undesired toxic effects than the lead compound. Two synthetic pathways were approached to allow the isolation both of the dihydroderivatives 1017 and of the aromatic ring system 23. Compounds 1017 showed a remarkable phototoxicity and a great UVA dose dependence reaching IC50 values at submicromolar level. Intracellular localization of these compounds has been evaluated by means of fluorescence microscopy using tetramethylrhodamine methyl ester and acridine orange, which are specific fluorescent probes for mitochondria and lysosomes, respectively. A weak co-staining was observed with mitochondrial stain, whereas a specific localization in lysosomes was observed. Studies directed to elucidate the mode of action of this series of compounds revealed that they do not intercalate with DNA and do not induce photodamage to the macromolecule. On the contrary, they induce significative photodamage to lipids and proteins.  相似文献
8.
An efficient synthesis of 2,5-diarylamino-3,6-dichloro-1,4-benzoquinone derivatives has been achieved by condensing mono substituted anilines with tetrachloro-p-benzoquinone in presence of fused sodium acetate as condensing agent under microwave irradiation without any solvent. All the synthesized compounds were tested for their antibacterial and antitumour activity using standard drugs.  相似文献
9.
Immunotherapy, including the use of cytokines and/or modified tumour cells immune stimulatory cytokines, can enhance the host anti-tumour immune responses. Interleukin-23 (IL-23) is a relative novel cytokine, which consists of a heterodimer of the IL-12p40 subunit and a novel p19 subunit. IL-23 has biological activities similar to but distinct from IL-12. IL-23 can enhance the proliferation of memory T cells and the production of IFN-γ, IL-12 and TNF-α from activated T cells. IL-23 activates macrophages to produce TNF-α and nitric oxide. IL-23 can also act directly on dendritic cells and possesses potent anti-tumour and anti-metastatic activity in murine models of cancer. IL-23 can also induce a lower level of IFN-γ production compared with that induced by IL-12. This may make IL-23 an alternative and safer therapeutic agent for cancer, as IL-12 administration can lead to severe toxic side effects because of the extremely high levels of IFN-γ it induces.This article is a symposium paper from the Annual Meeting of the “International Society for Cell and Gene Therapy of Cancer”, held in Shenzhen, China, on 9–11 December 2005.  相似文献
10.
AIMS: To devise and evaluate a strategy for isolating members of the Streptomyces violaceusniger phenotypic cluster, which are known to be a promising source of bioactive metabolites. METHODS AND RESULTS: The treatment of four soil samples with 1.5% phenol (30 degrees C, 30 min) prior to inoculation on humic acid-vitamin (HV) agar eliminated most of the streptomycetes and other bacterial populations. The surviving streptomycetes on the HV isolation plates were subcultured, and species-group identification was made according to the probabilistic identification system of Williams et al. (1989). Of the 133 streptomycetes subcultured, 102 (77%), were assigned to the S. violaceusniger cluster. A test with an overlay technique revealed that all of these S. violaceusniger-cluster isolates had broad antimicrobial spectra, as they inhibited the growth of all test Gram-positive bacteria, yeasts and filamentous fungi. Antitumour activity against colon carcinoma cells was found among 68 or 67%, of these S. violaceusniger-cluster isolates, following growth in submerged culture. CONCLUSIONS: Chemical pretreatment of soil samples with phenol reduces the growth of ubiquitous Streptomyces species, thereby facilitating the recovery of less-abundant S. violaceusniger-cluster strains that are characterized by high antimicrobial and antitumour activities. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The development and application of new methodologies with which to selectively isolate rare, bioactive streptomycete groups is important for discovering novel secondary metabolites with bioactive properties.  相似文献
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