首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   2篇
  完全免费   1篇
  2013年   1篇
  2011年   1篇
  2007年   1篇
排序方式: 共有3条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1
1.
转基因植物环境安全评价策略   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
构建完善的转基因植物环境安全评价技术体系是保障转基因生物产业健康发展的重要组成部分。本文综述了转基因植物环境安全评价技术发展历程与趋势,归纳了转基因植物环境安全评价的思路与内容。转基因植物环境安全评价应分为潜在风险分析、风险假设验证、风险特征描述等3个步骤,并采用逐层评价模式;安全评价应贯穿转基因植物新品种研发与产业化全程,包括应用前预测、研发中筛选、推广前评价、推广后监测。此外,基于科学性和个案分析原则,本文对复合性状、非生物胁迫抗性等新型转基因植物环境安全评价策略进行了探讨。  相似文献
2.
17β-雌二醇对剑尾鱼卵黄蛋白原的诱导研究   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
目的研究17β-雌二醇(E2)暴露对雄性剑尾鱼(Xiphophorus helleri)卵黄蛋白原(vitellogenin,Vtg)诱导作用作为环境风险评价(ERA)的有效生物学标记的可行性。方法以E2诱导的剑尾鱼雄性个体的整体匀浆液为材料,采用Sephacryl S-300凝胶过滤层析柱和QSepharose阴离子交换柱从剑尾鱼体内提纯Vtg。结果确定了被纯化的剑尾鱼Vtg在4%~7.5%Native PAGE电泳中相对分子质量为540×103。4%~7.5%Native PAGE电泳后的凝胶分别利用苏丹黑B进行脂蛋白染色、高碘酸-Schiff试剂进行糖蛋白染色和甲基绿进行磷蛋白染色,表明剑尾鱼Vtg是一种富含糖、脂、磷的蛋白。结论表明雄性剑尾鱼卵黄蛋白原的诱导变化可作为环境风险评价(ERA)的有效生物学标记。  相似文献
3.
The environmental risks associated with genetically-engineered (GE) organisms have been controversial, and so have the models for the assessment of these risks. We propose an ecologically-based environmental risk assessment (ERA) model that follows the 1998 USEPA guidelines, focusing on potential adverse effects to biological diversity. The approach starts by ( 1 ) identifying the local environmental values so the ERA addresses specific concerns associated with local biological diversity. The model simplifies the indicator endpoint selection problem by (2) classifying biological diversity into ecological functional groups and selecting those that deliver the identified environmental values. (3) All of the species or ecosystem processes related to the selected functional groups are identified and (4) multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) is used to rank the indicator endpoint entities, which may be spe- cies or ecological processes. MCDA focuses on those species and processes that are critical for the identified ecological functions and are likely to be highly exposed to the GE organism. The highest ranked indicator entities are selected for the next step. (5) Rele- vant risk hypotheses are identified. Knowledge about the specific transgene and its possible environmental effects in other countries can be used to assist development of risk hypotheses. (6) The risk hypotheses are ranked using MCDA with criteria related to the severity of the potential risk. The model emphasizes transparent, expert-driven, ecologically-based decision-making and provides formal methods for completing a screening level-ERA that can focus ERA on the most significant concerns. The process requires sub- stantial human input but the human capital is available in most countries and regions of the world.  相似文献
1
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号