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1.
采用不同载畜率的围栏放牧试验,研究了内蒙古高原荒漠草原亚带短花针茅(Stipa breviflora Gfiseb.)草原群落在不同载畜率水平植物多样性变化规律和对草地生产力的影响。研究结果表明:在2a的放牧过程中,不同载畜率植物多样性指数的均值随年度的增加有降低的趋势,但年度间差异未达到显著水平;不同年度内,植物多样性指数均在载畜率1.027只羊/(hm^2·a)附近出现峰值;且载畜率为1.027只羊/(hm^2·a)时植物补偿性生长最高,是最理想的载畜率水平。研究结果支持群落物种多样性与生产力相关格局中的负二次函数关系的单峰格局模型,即中等生产力水平物种多样性最高。  相似文献
2.
向日葵螟对不同向日葵品种的寄主选择性   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
通过田间选择性试验结合室内黑色素鉴定,研究向日葵螟Homoeosoma nebulellum Denis et Schiffermüller对35个不同向日葵品种的寄主选择性。向日葵螟对不同供试向日葵品种的选择性存在显著差异,选择性最强的是大黑片,其次是S47,再则是5135和RH316,选择性较弱的有T25和天葵503等18个品种,对TO12244和GT110等13个品种无选择性。寄主选择性可以用开花盛期的花盘被害率、每盘可见幼虫数、每盘虫粪指数与籽粒成熟期的籽粒被害率、籽粒被害虫情指数5个指标中的任何一个来评价。相关性分析表明,向日葵螟的寄主选择性与向日葵花盘直径呈显著正相关关系。  相似文献
3.
Nitrogen removal from wastewater by algae provides the potential benefit of producing lipids for biodiesel and biomass for anaerobic digestion. Further, ammonium is the renewable form of nitrogen produced during anaerobic digestion and one of the main nitrogen sources associated with wastewater. The wastewater isolates Scenedesmus sp. 131 and Monoraphidium sp. 92 were grown with ammonium, nitrate, or urea in the presence of 5 % CO2, and ammonium and nitrate in the presence of air to optimize the growth and biofuel production of these chlorophytes. Results showed that growth on ammonium, in both 5 % CO2 and air, caused a significant decrease in pH during the exponential phase causing growth inhibition due to the low buffering capacity of the medium. Therefore, biological buffers and pH controllers were utilized to prevent a decrease in pH. Growth on ammonium with pH control (synthetic buffers or KOH dosing) demonstrated that growth (rate and yield), biodiesel production, and ammonium utilization, similar to nitrate- and urea-amended treatments, can be achieved if sufficient CO2 is available. Since the use of buffers is economically limited to laboratory-scale experiments, chemical pH control could bridge the gap encountered in the scale-up to industrial processes.  相似文献
4.
In 12 different Russian and Kazakh potato cultivars, the polymorphism of the glucosyltransferase domain of the sucrose synthase gene was first examined, as well as the polymorphism of the sucrose synthase domain fragment of the same gene in the potato cultivars of Kazakh breed. It was demonstrated that the examined sequences contained point mutations, as well as insertions and deletions, including those not described earlier. Amino acid substitutions specific to heat- and drought-tolerant varieties were also identified and could be associated with the development of abiotic stress resistance.  相似文献
5.
目的:评估大规模蛋白质组分离与鉴定技术策略在生物活性肽研究中的应用价值。方法:采用全溶液酶解及胶内分离与酶解方法分离生物活性肽;肽段离子阱串联质谱鉴定时,采用碰撞诱导解离与电子转移解离2种互补的肽段碎裂模式。结果:几种方法联用,鉴定到复杂生物活性肽样品中236个多肽大分子;不同分离和鉴定策略显示出良好的互补性,基于凝胶电泳分离的策略提供了最好的鉴定效果。结论:大规模的蛋白质组学分离与鉴定技术策略可以有效应用于生物活性肽组分的表征。  相似文献
6.
以植物乳杆菌P8菌株为研究对象,系统研究了发酵条件对共轭亚油酸生成的影响。分别研究了培养条件和培养基成分对共轭亚油酸产量的影响。通过单因素和正交试验表明:植物乳杆菌P8产共轭亚油酸的最佳条件为:培养时间为22 h、亚油酸(LA)添加量为0.9 mg/mL、接种量为1.5%、氮源采用2 g/L的胰蛋白胨,碳源采用3 g/L的葡萄糖。  相似文献
7.
Gut-associated lymphoid tissue is a major target and reservoir of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected T-cells. Our studies seek to recapitulate, in vitro, interactions between HIV-infected T-lymphocytes and intestinal epithelial cells in order to investigate the mechanisms underlying the disruption of normal epithelial cell and barrier function. Here, we describe a novel approach for creating co-cultures of healthy or HIV-infected T-lymphocytes (Jurkat) and human intestinal epithelial (HT-29) cells where both cell types are positioned on the same surface in a price spatial configuration (micropattern). This co-culture method simplified observation/monitoring of the two cell types and was particularly suited for laser microdissection-based retrieval of the desired cells for downstream gene expressions studies. DNA microarray analysis of epithelial cells retrieved from co-cultures with HIV-1-infected vs. uninfected Jurkat cells revealed that epithelial cells from HIV-infected co-cultures exhibited gene expression patterns consistent with disruption of epithelial barrier formation. Overall, the micropatterned co-culture system described here is envisioned as a valuable new tool for delineating how HIV and other infections contribute to dysfunction of mucosal epithelium.  相似文献
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9.
The method of electron spin resonance (ESR) dosimetry has been applied to human tooth enamel, to obtain individual absorbed doses of residents of settlements in vicinity of Ust-Kamenogorsk city, Kazakhstan (located about 400 km to the east from the epicenter of explosion at the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site, SNTS). This region developed as a major mining and metallurgical center during the Soviet period (uranium production). Most of the investigated settlements (Ust-Kamenogorsk city, Glubokoe, Tavriya, Gagarino) are located near the central axis of the radioactive fallout trace that originated from the surface nuclear test on 24 August 1956, while the Kokpekty settlement (located 400 km to the Southeast from SNTS) was chosen as a control because it was not subjected to any radioactive contamination. In total, 44 samples were measured. It was found that the excess doses obtained after subtraction of natural background radiation ranged up to about 114 mGy for residents of Ust-Kamenogorsk city, whose tooth enamel was formed before 1956. For residents of Gagarino, excess doses did not exceed 47 mGy for all ages. For residents of Tavriya, the maximum excess dose was 54 mGy, while for residents of Glubokoe it was about 58 mGy. For the population of the Shemonaikha settlements located at a distance of about 70 km from the central axis of the radioactive fallout trace, highest excess doses were 110 mGy. These high doses may be due to the influence of uranium enterprises located in that region, but probably not due to dental X-ray irradiation. For a final conclusion on the radiological situation in this region, the number of samples was too small and, therefore, more work is required to obtain representative results.  相似文献
10.
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