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1.
The crop sensitivity to ozone (O3) is affected by the timing of the O3 exposure, by the O3 concentration, and by the crop age. To determine the physiological response to the acute ozone stress, tomato plants were exposed to O3 at two growth stages. In Experiment I (Exp. I), O3 (500 μg m?3) was applied to 30-d-old plants (PL30). In Experiment II (Exp. II), three O3 concentrations (200, 350, and 500 μg m?3) were applied to 51-d-old plants (PL51). The time of the treatment was 4 h (7:30–11:30 h). Photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence measurements were done 4 times (before the exposure; 20 min, 20 h, and 2–3 weeks after the end of the treatment) using a LI-COR 6400 photosynthesis meter. The stomatal pore area and stomatal conductance were reduced as the O3 concentration increased. Ozone induced the decrease in the photosynthetic parameters of tomato regardless of the plant age. Both the photosystem (PS) II operating efficiency and the maximum quantum efficiency of PSII photochemistry declined under the ozone stress suggesting that the PSII activity was inhibited by O3. The impaired PSII contributed to the reduced photosynthetic rate. The greater decline of photosynthetic parameters was found in the PL30 compared with the PL51. It proved the age-dependent ozone sensitivity of tomato, where the younger plants were more vulnerable. Ozone caused the degradation of photosynthetic apparatus, which affected the photosynthesis of tomato plants depending on the growth stage and the O3 concentration.  相似文献
2.
在通过RNA-Seq技术得到的镉响应转录组图谱中,用50 μmol/L Cd处理24 h后,一个镉响应金属离子转运蛋白OsPDR被鉴定出其在水稻(Oryza sativa ssp. japonica cv. Nipponbare)茎中的表达量显著上调.本研究中,从水稻(Oryza sativa cv. Nipponbare)中分离了OsPDR基因,并对其金属离子转移活性进行了分析.金属耐受性实验结果表明,过表达OsPDR能提高酵母对Co的耐受性,但对Zn、Ni和Cd的耐受性不强,并且经电感耦合等离子体质谱法(ICP-MS)测定Co含量后,与空载体转化酵母相比,过表达OsPDR的酵母中Co的积累更高.利用共聚焦显微镜观察发现,EGFP-OsPDR融合蛋白定位于液泡膜上.这些数据表明OsPDR可能在Co稳态中起着重要作用.OsPDR在植物中的作用,还需要进一步的研究.  相似文献
3.
Semisulcospira paludiformis, collected from Hainan Island, China, was described by Yen in 1939. While the type specimens of S. paludiformis were destroyed in World War II, the systematic classification of this species has remained dubious because of the lack of further study. In 2015 we collected fresh specimens from near the type locality, based on which we have described the morphology and have designated a neotype. The anatomy shows that the species belongs to the genus Sulcospira Troschel, 1858 (family Pachychilidae).  相似文献
4.
报道了中国杜鹃花科(Ericaceae)一新记录种:腺苞树萝卜[Agapetes nana(Griff.) Hook. f.]。该种以花萼筒基部具有一圈具柄的腺毛组成的副萼状总苞,花冠筒裂至2/3,裂片反卷而与同属其他种类明显区别。该种原仅分布于印度东北部和缅甸北部,现首次在中国发现其分布。同时,提供了本种的描述和彩色图片,并首次报道成熟的花部形态,凭证标本保存于中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园标本馆(HITBC)。  相似文献
5.
在近期缅甸植物考察中,发现1种莎草科(Cyperaceae)植物:云南星穗莎[Actinoschoenus yunnanensis (C. B. Clarke) Y. C.Tang]。该种植物代表缅甸莎草科1个新记录属:星穗莎属(Actinoschoenus Benth.),其主要特征为花序头状、小穗具1(2)花、花两性、雄蕊3、柱头3、小坚果倒卵形有3棱。  相似文献
6.
近期在缅甸北部进行野外植物考察中,发现了一种菌类寄生植物,疏花无叶莲(Petrosavia sakurai),是缅甸被子植物一新记录科和新记录目——无叶莲科和无叶莲目。对其进行了详细的报导,并提供特征描述等数据。疏花无叶莲主要特征为茎上的鳞片状叶较疏离且彼此相距1~2 cm、总状花序、花苞片稍短于花梗、花被约1/3贴生于子房上。  相似文献
7.
在近期缅甸北部的植物考察中,一种菌类寄生植物矮生喜荫草(Sciaphila nana Blume)被发现和确认。矮生喜荫草代表缅甸被子植物一新记录科,霉草科植物。矮生喜荫草主要特征为花单性同株、雄花内轮花被片顶端具有柄的门把状物、花被片6、3个雄蕊、花药4室。  相似文献
8.
付贵权  秦涛  陈小勇  雷春云  李光华 《生态学报》2021,41(24):9557-9573
根据2018-2020年澜沧江西双版纳段5次鱼类资源调查数据,结合相关文献资料,对该流域鱼类组成及物种多样性进行了分析。结果显示:澜沧江西双版纳段此次共调查到鱼类119种,隶属于11目28科79属,而历史记录鱼类共179种,隶属于12目34科106属。随着调查的不断深入,土著鱼类种数逐渐增多,但占比却逐渐下降,外来鱼类种数逐渐增多,占比也逐渐升高;本次调查到土著鱼类92种,占鱼类种数的77.31%,占比进一步下降;外来鱼类27种,占鱼类种数的22.69%,占比进一步升高。该区域鱼类优势种为云南吻孔鲃Poropuntius huangchuchieni和少鳞舟齿鱼Scaphiodonichthys acanthopterus,常见种为长臀鲃Mystacoleucus marginatus和宽额鳢Channa gachua。有《国家重点保护野生动物名录》(2021年)鱼类5种,《中国生物多样性红色名录脊椎动物卷》(2015年)受威胁鱼类8种。相对于我国其他江河,澜沧江西双版纳段有极高水平的鱼类物种多样性,其中澜沧江干流鱼类物种多样性相对于左、右岸支流较低,左岸支流鱼类多样性高于右岸,罗梭江鱼类多样性高于其他一级支流。虽然澜沧江西双版纳段鱼类物种多样性维持在较高水平,但土著鱼类占比下降趋势明显,仍面临着严重威胁,本文分析了受威胁因素,并提出了保护建议。  相似文献
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10.
A new cave‐dwelling fish Triplophysa luochengensis is described based on specimens collected from a karst cave in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China, that is interconnected to the Hongshui River drainage. The species can be distinguished from its congeners by a combination of characters: eyes degenerated, anal fin with six branched rays, caudal fin with 16–17 branched rays, pectoral‐fin length 72·4–95·8% of the distance between pectoral‐fin origin and pelvic‐fin origin, lateral head length 26·2–28·2% of standard length (LS), eye diameter 7·5–8·6 of LS, body covered by sparse scales, lateral line complete and 7–8 pre‐operculo‐mandibular pores. Dark pigments irregularly present on dorsum of head, dorsum and flank.  相似文献
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