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1.
羊草(Leymus chinensis)种群无性系种群动态的初步研究   总被引:28,自引:2,他引:26       下载免费PDF全文
王昱生 《生态学报》1993,13(4):291-299
本文根据1985-1990年在天然羊草种群无性系的观测与统分析,在研究羊草种群性系生活周期的基础上,探讨了其种群动态,建立了用转移概率矩阵表示的种群动态模型。通过用两种营养繁殖系数Rv1和Rv2模拟种群密度变化,发现用转移概率矩陈种群动态模型和现存种群营养繁殖系数Rv2预测羊草种群密度。  相似文献
2.
以绵羊BMP15基因和BMPR-IB基因为候选基因,以湖羊、中国美利奴单胎品系、中国美利奴肉用和毛用多胎品系为研究对象,采用PCR-RFLP方法对候选基因进行单核苷酸多态性(SNP)位点检测和基因型分析,同时研究基因对绵羊产羔数的影响。对BMP15基因进行SNP检测,结果未发现多态性位点;对BMPR-IB基因进行多态性检测,结果发现了一个A746 G SNP位点。依据A746 G SNP位点进行基因型分析,结果在各品种(系)羊中发现了3种基因型,即BB、B+和++。等位基因型频率在各品种(系)间差异极显著(P<0.001),在湖羊中以BB基因型为主,在中国美利奴单胎品系中以++基因型为主, 而在中国美利奴肉用和毛用多胎品系中以B+基因型为主。BMPR-IB A746G位点的变异明显影响绵羊的产羔数,与++基因型母羊相比, BB和B+基因型母羊产羔数明显较多。研究结果同时表明,利用BMPR-IB基因型可以很好的预测母羊的产羔数。研究获得的这些结果强烈表明BMPR-IB为影响绵羊的产羔数的主效基因,可以用于对绵羊产羔数的选择。Abstract: The current study was designed to detect SNPs within BMP15 and BMPR-IB gene and investigate the effect of the genes on sheep litter size. Four sheep lines, HU-Yang, Chinese M erino monotocous, Chinese Merino multiparous for wool production and Chinese Merino multiparous for mutton production, were used in this study. Litter sizes were recorded for each ewe in the four lines. Primers for BMP15 and BMPR-IB gene were designed from database sheep sequence and polymorphisms were detected by PCR-RFLP method. The results showed that there was no polymorphism with BMP15 gene among the four lines, and there was an A / G SNP with BMPR-IB gene at base 746 among the four lines. Three types of genotype (BB, B+ and ++), based on A / G locus, were found within each line. The frequencies of genotypes were significantly different among the lines (P<0.001), with BB genotype primarily existing in HU-Yang, ++ genotype in Chinese Merino monotocous line, and B+ genotype in Chinnese Merino multiparous lines. The A / G mutation influence significantly the sheep litter sizes, and the BB and B+ ewes had significant higher litter sizes than ++ ewes. The results of present study showed simultaneously that the genotype of BMPR-IB was a perfect predictor of the sheep litter sizes. These results intensively indicated that BMPR-IB is a major gene to affect litter size in sheep, and could be used as the molecular genetic marker to select litter size in sheep.  相似文献
3.
This goal of this study was to examine immunohistochemical distribution of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), LIF receptor (LIFR), and glycoprotein (gp) 130 in rhesus monkey uterus during the menstrual cycle and early pregnancy. Pregnancy rate was significantly reduced in the control group from 66.7% (12 of 18) to 22.2% (4 of 18) with an injection of goat anti-human recombinant LIF immunoglobulin G into the uterine lumen on Day 8 of pregnancy. LIF was mainly localized in glandular and luminal epithelium. LIF immunostaining during the luteal phase was stronger than it was during the proliferative phase. LIF staining gradually increased from Day 3 of pregnancy and reached its highest level on Day 9. LIFR was mainly localized in the glandular and luminal epithelium. LIFR staining during the luteal phase was stronger than it was during the proliferative phase. LIFR staining began to increase from Day 3 of pregnancy and reached a high level on Days 9 and 11. Gp130, a signal-transducing receptor component of LIF, was mainly localized in the glandular epithelium. A high level of gp130 was found on Days 16 and 20 of menstrual cycle, and from Days 5 to 11 of pregnancy. These results suggest that LIF may play an important role in monkey implantation, as it does in mice.  相似文献
4.
瘦蛋白受体属于Ⅰ类细胞因子超家族受体,其在瘦蛋白的信号转导中起着关键的作用。本研究根据瘦蛋白受体基因外显子9的序列设计引物,用PCR-SSCP的方法对高脂系(fatness line,FL)、低脂系(leanness line,LL)、北京油鸡、白耳鸡、石歧杂、矮小黄鸡、小型黄鸡、惠阳胡须鸡、隐性白羽鸡和海兰蛋鸡等品种(系)进行了单核苷酸多态性分析,并检测到了多态性。对两种纯合子片段克隆和测序,结果表明在编码区的1167位碱基发生了突变,由C突变为A,但是编码的氨基酸并没有发生改变。经独立性检验,基因型频率和基因频率分布与品种有关,北京油鸡的AA基因型频率显著高于其他品种;高脂系中A基因频率显著高于低脂系。 Abstract:Leptin receptor is a type I cytokine super family member and plays an important role in leptin functioning signal transduction.This study was designed to investigate the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of OBR gene in various breeds,including Fatness Line (FL),Leanness Line (LL),Beijing Youji,Baierji,Shiqiza,Dwarf Yellow Chickens,Mini Yellow Chickens,Huiyang Huxuji,Recessive White Chickens and Hyline Layer.The primers for exon 9 in OBR gene were designed from the database of chicken genomic sequence and the SNPs were detected by PCR-SSCP method.One SNP (C/A at 1167 in cds) was found among individuals within all breeds.However,the amino acid was not changed because it was a silence mutantion.The result of population genetics analyses showed that the frequency of AA genotype in Beijing Youji was significantly higher than that in other lines.Also,the frequency of A allele in FL was significantly higher than that in LL.  相似文献
5.
高温诱导黄瓜抗霜霉病机理   总被引:14,自引:0,他引:14       下载免费PDF全文
研究了高温对黄瓜霜霉病菌致病力的影响以及高温控制霜霉病发生的效果.结果表明,40 ℃高温处理2 h和45 ℃处理1 h对黄瓜霜霉病的诱导抗病性作用最明显,其在接种后4 d时的防效分别为58.40%和45.81%,到接种后6 d时,防效分别下降为39.35%和37.65%.经高温诱导后,过氧化物酶(POD)、苯丙氨酸解氨酶(PAL)、几丁质酶(Cht)、β-1,3-葡聚糖酶(Glu)活性均显著高于对照,与未诱导植株相比,高温诱导后叶片组织的细胞壁表面有大量木质素沉积,表明高温处理后黄瓜表现出对霜霉病的抗病性.  相似文献
6.
实数遗传算法的改进研究   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12  
在现有文献研究的基础上,对实数遗传算法又作了进一步研究,提出了一种改进算法.该算法不仅可快速产生初始种群,而且实现了子代种群的产生在优化方向上进行,提高了算法的搜索能力,克服了子代个体位置限制的不足,有利于保持种群的多样性,提高了避免未成熟收敛于局部最优解的能力.  相似文献
7.
Wang Y  Chen B  Hu Y  Li J  Lin Z 《Transgenic research》2005,14(5):605-614
In a plant transformation process, it is necessary to use marker genes that allow the selection of regenerated transgenic plants. However, selectable marker genes are generally superfluous once an intact transgenic plant has been established. Furthermore, they may cause regulatory difficulties for approving transgenic crop release and commercialization. We constructed a binary expression vector with the Cre/lox system with a view to eliminating a marker gene from transgenic plants conveniently. In the vector, recombinase gene cre under the control of heat shock promoter and selectable marker gene nptII under the control of CaMV35S promoter were placed between two lox P sites in direct orientation, while the gene of interest was inserted outside of the lox P sites. By using this vector, both cre and nptII genes were eliminated from most of the regenerated plants of primary transformed tobacco through heat shock treatment, while the gene of interest was retained and stably inherited. This autoexcision strategy, mediated by the Cre/lox system and subjected to heat shock treatment to eliminate a selectable marker gene, is easy to adopt and provides a promising approach to generate marker-free transgenic plants.  相似文献
8.
利用反向遗传学技术构建H5亚型禽流感高产疫苗株   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12       下载免费PDF全文
采用RT-PCR技术分别扩增了鹅源高产禽流感病毒的6条内部基因片段,近期分离的H5N1亚型禽流感病毒的血凝素基因以及N3亚型参考毒株的神经氨酸酶基因,分别构建了8个基因的转录与表达载体,利用反向遗传学技术拯救出了全部基因都源于禽源的重组流感病毒疫苗株rH5N3。通过对血凝素蛋白HA1和HA2连接肽处的5个碱性氨基酸(R-R-R-K-K)基因缺失与修饰,从而消除了病毒基因的毒力相关序列,拯救的rH5N3疫苗株对鸡和鸡胚均无致病性,病毒在鸡胚尿囊液和细胞培养上清的HA效价得到极大提高,分别为12048和1512。制备的禽流感疫苗免疫动物后4~5周即可诱导产生高效价的HI抗体,鸡免疫后18周依然保持高水平的HI抗体。重组疫苗不论是对于国内早期分离的禽流感病毒A/Goose/Guangdong/1/96还是近期分离的A/Goose/HLJ/QFY/04都能够产生完全的免疫保护作用,免疫鸡攻毒后不发病、不排毒、不死亡。带有N3鉴别诊断标记禽流感疫苗株的研制为H5N1高致病性禽流感的防治提供了新的技术保障。  相似文献
9.
轮套作对黄瓜根际土壤细菌种群的影响   总被引:12,自引:1,他引:11       下载免费PDF全文
吴凤芝  王澍  杨阳 《应用生态学报》2008,19(12):2717-2722
以黄瓜为试材,采用PCR-DGGE技术研究了小麦、大豆、毛苕子、三叶草和苜蓿与黄瓜轮作及大蒜、毛葱与黄瓜套作对黄瓜根际土壤细菌种群的影响.结果表明:轮套作对黄瓜根际土壤细菌种群的种类、数量和黄瓜产量具有一定的影响,提高了土壤细菌种群多样性指数、均匀度指数和黄瓜产量.对DGGE条带进行测序的结果表明,它们大多与不可培养的细菌种属具有较高的同源性,大多为鞘氨醇杆菌属(Sphingobacterium)和变形细菌纲(Proteobacteria), High bacterium G+C只在以毛葱为套作作物的黄瓜根际中出现.不同轮套作中细菌种群多样性随黄瓜生育期的变化而变化,在盛瓜期达最高值.以小麦为轮作作物和以毛葱为套作作物的黄瓜轮套作栽培模式最佳.  相似文献
10.
水稻大粒种质资源和遗传分析   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
谷粒重量是构成产量的三要素之一,对提高水稻产量具有重要意义.本文概述了国内外水稻大粒种质资源的现状,同时对粒重基因遗传分析的研究进展进行了综述.粒重是一个受多基因控制的数量性状,目前定位的粒重数量性状位点至少达89个、精细定位1个粒重基因gw3.1和1个长粒基因Lk-4(t)以及克隆1个粒重基因GS3,并在此基础上讨论了粒重在育种上的应用.  相似文献
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