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1.
The Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) chitinase gene coding region was amplified using the polymerase chain reaction, inserted into a plasmid (pROK‐2) and replicated in Escherichia coli XL1–blue. The recombinant plasmid was mobilised into Agrobacterium tumefaciens LBA 4404 and inoculated into tobacco leaf discs. The presence of the expressed chitinase in foliar tissue of kanamycin‐resistant plantlets of three Nicotiana tabacum cultivars (CF80, K326 and Xanthi‐nc) was inferred using immunoblotting, and enzyme activity was confirmed using a fluorometric assay. Confocal laser scanning microscopy with immunofluorescent staining of foliar sections from N. tabacum Xanthi‐nc expressing the viral chitinase indicated that the enzyme was restricted to the vascular tissue. Heliothis virescens larvae fed on leaf tissue expressing chitinase were not impaired either in their development to pupation or in their feeding behaviour, in comparision with their counterparts that had consumed similar amounts of untransformed tobacco leaf tissue. By contrast, when tobacco leaves were mechanically inoculated with Alternaria alternata, very few brown spots were observed at inoculation sites in chitinase‐expressing tissue, whereas large and spreading lesions formed in untransformed tobacco tissue. Of all lines that were transformed, as determined by kanamycin resistance, 59% had fewer symptoms of disease (smaller disease indices) than those for untransformed controls.  相似文献
2.
双翅目(Diptera)短角亚目(Brachycera)的蜂虻科(Bombyliidae)昆虫常见于草原和田间,访花吸蜜,有助于植物授粉。蜂虻的幼虫多为捕食性或寄生性,蜂虻亚科(Bombyliinae)的雏蜂虻属(Anastoechus Osten—Saeken)昆虫主要在蝗虫的卵袋内寄食,庸蜂虹亚科(Exoprasopinae)的绒蜂虹属(Villa Lioy)昆虫主要寄生于夜蛾科幼虫,少数为鞘翅目的天敌。这两个属的蜂虻主要分布在古北区,体均粗壮而密生长毛,但从亚科的特征,特别是头部形态容易区分,绒蜂虻属的头近球形,后头极发达。  相似文献
3.
The goal of this study was to investigate the expression level of neuroligin-2 in different colon tissue segments of children with Hirschsprung’s disease (HSCR) and the correlative clinical significance of serum Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (serum GABA) in HSCR. Neuroligin-2 was assessed by Immunohistochemistry staining method on routine paraffin section from different colon tissue segments of HSCR (ganglionic colonic segment, transitional colonic segment and aganglionic colonic segment). Western-blot analysis and real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR(qRT-PCR) were applied to compare and evaluate the expression levels of neuroligin-2 from three segments of HSCR, and we used Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) method to detect and compare the serum GABA between HSCR and non-HSCR. Immunohistochemistry staining demonstrated that intensive neuroligin-2 staining was detected in the ganglion cells in the ganglionic colonic and transitional colonic segments from the HSCR children; however, neuroligin-2 staining was down-regulated significantly in the aganglionic colonic segments. The expression levels of neuroligin-2 mRNA and protein in the aganglionic colonic segment were decreased compared to the ganglionic colonic segment and transitional colonic segment (P < 0.05). And the level of serum GABA was significantly higher in HSCR than that in non-HSCR. The expression of neuroligin-2 varies from different segments of HSCR. The down-regulation of neuroligin-2 in aganglionic colonic segments may be correlated with the excessive intestine contraction and further result in HSCR. The over-expression of serum GABA may be considered as a new diagnostic method of HSCR.  相似文献
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5.
目的探索生活环境条件(居住环境条件和动物之间相互作用的因素)对中国树鼩血激素水平和心理行为的影响。方法采用空间大小不等的笼具饲养中国树鼩,或给予利血平,分别在15、30、60、120、180 d时用乙醚吸入麻醉,从心脏采血,用放射免疫法检测血液中睾酮(testosterone,T)、雌二醇(estradiol,E2)、内皮素(endothelin,ET)、肾上腺素(adrenaline,A)和去甲肾上腺素(noradrenaline,NA)水平。结果①将中国树鼩分别放入大笼(D1组)、小笼(X1组)单独饲养15、30、60、120、180 d时检测,与大笼(D1组)比:小笼(X1组)T水平显著降低(P0.01),A、NA、ET水平显著升高(P0.01)。②小笼和大笼临近饲养(X2组)饲养15、30、60、120、180 d时检测,X2组T、A、NA水平均比小笼单独饲养(X1组)显著升高(均P0.01)。③利血平各组A、NA水平均显著降低(均P0.01)。④小笼单独饲养(X1组)、小笼和大笼临近饲养(X2组)的动物均出现猝丧、食欲降低、睾丸萎缩、阴茎外露下垂等应激症状。利血平组中国树鼩均出现性情温顺,活动显著减少,食欲降低,停喂利血平,放入大笼饲养,动物逐渐恢复到正常生活状态。结论居住环境条件和动物之间的相互作用均能引起中国树鼩血激素水平变化和心理行为的改变。  相似文献
6.
以鲁花14号花生为材料,从花生cDNA文库和基因组中筛选和克隆了花生的金属硫蛋白基因AhMT3a。该基因全长785 bp,有2个内含子,开放阅读框由201个碱基组成,编码66个氨基酸,其中包含13个半胱氨酸(Cys),预测其分子量为6.83kD,等电点为4.59。运用生物信息学手段对AhMT3a蛋白的信号肽、跨膜区、亚细胞定位和疏水性进行了预测。与拟南芥、棉花和草莓等植物type 3 MTs的序列比对结果表明,花生和其他不同植物的MT3在氨基酸序列上具有较高的同源性,从系统发育树中可以看出AhMT3a和蒿麦的金属硫蛋白亲缘关系较近。半定量RT-PCR和芯片杂交结果显示花生AhMT3a在花中表达量最高,在种子中表达量最低;在ABA、NaCl及PEG等不同处理下,表达量变化不大。  相似文献
7.
为了实现外源基因在番茄果实中的高效和特异表达,克隆了番茄果实特异基因多聚半乳糖醛酸酶基因( Polygalacturonase,PG)的启动子.以中蔬四号番茄为材料,建立并优化了以子叶为外植体的番茄高效再生和遗传转化体系;以GUS为报告基因,构建PG:GUS植物表达载体,转化番茄.结果表明,在1.0 mg/L ZT的MS分化培养中,番茄子叶的发芽率最高,芽的诱导率高达91%,且发生畸态芽和褐化的外植体最少;通过抗生素浓度对农杆菌的抑制效果试验发现,当头孢霉素的浓度为200 mg/L时,抑制农杆菌的效果最好;成功克隆了番茄PG启动子,将PG启动子驱动的GUS基因转入番茄,对转基因后代果实的GUS染色表明,PG启动子驱动的外源基因在果实中特异表达.  相似文献
8.
以5年生烟富3/M26/平邑甜茶为试材,采用15N同位素示踪技术,研究表层(0 cm)、上层(20 cm)和中层(40 cm)3个施肥深度对矮化苹果15N 尿素吸收、分配及利用特性的影响.结果表明: 20 cm施肥处理的叶面积、叶绿素含量和叶片全氮含量显著高于0和40 cm施肥处理.不同施肥处理各器官从肥料中吸收分配到的15N量对该器官全氮量的贡献率(Ndff)存在显著差异,盛花期均以根的Ndff最高,多年生枝次之;新梢旺长期和花芽分化期根部吸收的15N优先向新生营养器官转运;果实膨大期各器官Ndff均达到较高水平;果实成熟期均以果实中的Ndff最高.果实成熟期不同施肥处理的15N分配率存在显著差异,20 cm施肥处理生殖器官和营养器官的15N分配率显著高于0和40 cm施肥处理,而贮藏器官的15N分配率显著低于0和40 cm施肥处理.在果实成熟期,20 cm施肥处理15N肥料利用率为24.0%,显著高于0 cm(14.1%)和40 cm施肥处理(7.6%),而15N损失率为54.0%,显著低于0 cm(67.8%)和40 cm施肥处理(63.5%).不同施肥深度土壤15N残留量随施肥深度的增加而显著增加.  相似文献
9.
研究了内蒙古草原布氏田鼠(Lasiopodomys brandtii)和长爪沙鼠(Meriones unguiculatus)的体重、身体脂肪、水分含量及身体热值等指标的季节变化。2种动物的体重都是在春季最高,布氏田鼠的体重具显著的季节变化,长爪沙鼠的鲜重具季节变化,但干重则基本维持恒定。2种动物的脂肪含量和身体热值都在秋季最高,但体水含量在夏季最高。体重的变化受身体脂肪和体水含量等因素共同的影响,而2种动物的身体脂肪和水分含量受环境温度及食物的因素影响较大,所以2种动物体重的季节变化格局有所不同。  相似文献
10.
张允忠  潘爱美 《蛇志》1997,9(4):38-39,43
探讨持续灌流法经皮冠状动脉腔内球囊成形术在治疗恶化劳力型心绞痛中的临床价值。方法 将40例分两组作药物治疗与在用药的基础上加用CPPTCA各20例。结果 用CPPTCA组术后症状迅速缓解,室壁运动明显改善,无心肌梗死和死亡发生。随访6个月,CPPTCA组中有2例心绞痛复发,3例运动心电图阳性,但无1例发生心肌梗死和死记;  相似文献
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