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An ophthalmofunduscope was used to investigate arteriosclerosis among villagers aged 20–40 yr old in two rare earth areas in Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province. It was noted that the occurrence of arteriosclerosis of the fundus aculi was significantly high (P < 0.05-0.01), the detection of serum cholesterol (CHO) was remarkably increased (P < 0.01), and the level of IgM was also elevated. However, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) remained at a low level. The effect of taking rare earth elements (REE) could be direct or indirect, thus causing an increase in cholesterol and interfering with the synthesis of high-density lipoprotein. Furthermore, rare earth could also cause immunogenic damage to the vascular wall. All of these could facilitate the formation of arteriosclerosis.  相似文献
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The results of pollen analysis, magnetic measurements (SIRM), and archaeological and historical investigations, in the Axlarp area are presented. With respect to natural conditions and the distribution of prehistoric features, this area is typical of the higher parts of the Småland uplands, which, agriculturally, is a marginal region of southern Sweden. The study shows that farming in the Axlarp area began at ca. 700 B.C. (dates in calibrated/calendar years). The period 700 B.C.-A.D. 500 was characterized by shifting cultivation of Hordeum and Triticum and much pasture. Between A.D. 500 and A.D. 1200 farming declined but some pasturage was still practised, possibly on a seasonal basis. Two farms were established in the Middle Ages, probably between A.D. 1200–1300. Cereals were sown in stone-cleared fields and pastoral farming and hay making was carried out. One farm was deserted during the 15th or early 16th century and the other developed into the hamlet Axlarp whose farmers practised a three-course cropping system. Land-use history as recorded in the pollen diagram can be related to activities associated with these farms. Cereals grown after A.D. 1200 included Hordeum and Avena, and possibly Triticum and Secale. There are no indications of slash-and-burn cultivation in the area.  相似文献
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The isolation of lectins from Myracrodruon urundeuva bark (MuBL) and heartwood (MuHL) as well as the termiticidal activity of MuHL against Nasutitermes corniger has already been described. This work reports on the purification of a leaf lectin (MuLL) and the characterization of MuBL, MuHL, and MuLL; also described are the resistance of hemagglutinating activity of the three lectins to trypsin activity from N. corniger gut and the termiticidal activity on N. corniger of MuBL (LC50 of 0.974 mg ml−1 on workers and 0.787 mg ml−1 on soldiers) and MuLL (LC50 of 0.374 mg ml−1 on workers and 0.432 mg ml−1 on soldiers). The antibacterial effect of MuBL, MuHL, and MuLL on bacteria from gut of N. corniger was also investigated and lectins showed similar bacteriostatic activity (MIC of 62.5 ??g ml−1 for workers and 125 ??g ml−1 for soldiers). MuBL and MuHL were more efficient bactericidal agents on bacteria in the workers’ gut (MBC of 125 ??g ml−1) than MuLL (MBC of 250 ??g ml−1) and similar bactericidal activity was detected on bacteria in the gut of soldiers (MBC of 250 ??g ml−1). The termiticidal activity of M. urundeuva lectins can be explained by the chitin-binding property, resistance to termite digestive enzyme, and the antibacterial effect on symbiotic bacteria of N. corniger gut.  相似文献
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This work describes the purification in milligram quantities of a lectin from Bauhinia monandra secondary roots (BmoRoL) and its antifungal and termiticidal activities. The BmoRoL (6.2 mg) was isolated through ammonium sulfate fractionation and affinity chromatography on guar gel. Native lectin was resolved as a single band on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis for basic proteins. Under denaturing and reducing conditions it appeared as a unique glycosylated polypeptide of 26 kDa. The highest agglutination activity of BmoRoL was found with glutaraldehyde-treated rabbit erythrocytes. BmoRoL showed antifungal activity against phytopathogenic species of Fusarium and was more active on Fusarium solani. The lectin also showed termiticidal activity on Nasutitermes corniger workers and soldiers with LC50 of 0.09 and 0.395 mg ml−1 for 12 days. In conclusion, BmoRoL is a new antifungal and termiticidal lectin that can be purified in milligram quantities and has potential biotechnological application for control of agricultural pests.  相似文献
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