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1.
HIV-1 gag与gp41基因片段的序列特征与亚型研究   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
本文对华北地区出入境39例HIV-1阳性样本(中国21例,非洲17例,东南亚1例)的gag和env两个基因片段进行了序列特征和亚型对比分析。发现了A、A1、A3、B、C、G亚型和重组亚型03_AB、01_AE、AG、02_AG、07_BC、08_BC、CD和06_CPX共14个亚型,其中重组亚型占57.2%(8/14)。表明HIV-1基因变异较快,亚型分布广泛,重组亚型有增多趋势。此外发现26.7%(8/30)的样本,其gag和env基因区亚型表现不一致。提示在研究HIV-1亚型中应综合gag和env两个基因区的序列特征进行亚型分析。  相似文献
2.
HIV-1抗体蛋白印迹确认与核酸检测复核对比研究   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
杨成勇  刘翌 《病毒学报》2006,22(2):114-117
应用病毒核酸载量法NASBA和HIV-1 RNA的巢式逆转录PCR(nested RT-PCR)法与HIV抗体蛋白印迹(WB)方法,对经过初筛的44例HIV-1抗体阳性标本进行了对照检测研究。发现了2例(gp160、p24)和1例(gp160g、p120p、66、p24)的特殊阳性样本,经NASBA法和该RT-PCR法核酸检测为阴性;WB确认的4例gp160阳性带、1例p24、p17阳性带和13例p24阳性带,经NASBA法和该RT-PCR法核酸检测也为阴性;而WB确认的其余全部带型的抗体阳性标本经过NASBA法和该RT-PCR法检测均为阳性。该研究表明对只有gp160p、24和gp160、gp120p、66、p24的特殊阳性标本和以p24为主的抗体不确定标本需要用RT-PCR或NASBA方法进行核酸检测,以进一步确认。  相似文献
3.
基于数字PCR的单分子DNA定量技术研究进展   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
数字PCR是一项针对单分子目标DNA的绝对定量技术.该技术是将含有DNA模板的反应溶液分配到大量独立的反应室中并且发生扩增反应,通过统计反应室中的阳性信号来定量DNA的拷贝数.DNA样品在反应室中随机和独立分布是单分子成功扩增和准确定量DNA拷贝数的关键因素.本文综述了数字PCR的发展历史、数字PCR与实时荧光定量PCR的区别,以及数字PCR在临床诊断、转基因成分定量、单细胞基因表达、环境微生物检测和下一代测序等方面的最新进展,并展望了该技术的应用前景.  相似文献
4.
转基因定量检测用质粒分子标准物质研究进展   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
近10年来,应用于转基因植物产品定量检测的质粒分子标准物质凭借其易于富集,快捷高效等优点,成为各国检测机构的研究热点。对国内外转基因植物核酸定量检测用的质粒分子标准物质研究进展进行总结和评述,并且对该类标准物质在研制过程中的问题进行分析,同时展望了该类标准物质的发展与应用。  相似文献
5.
本文用835-50型氨基酸自动分析仪测定了阿胶、新阿胶、黄明胶、马皮胶和杂皮胶中游离氨基酸和总氨基酸的含量,并计算出游离氨基酸、总氨基酸按侧链基团分类和按医药用途分类的相对含量。结果表明,各种氨基酸含量一般以驴皮胶为较高,但与其他几种胶比较并无显著差异,似可以猪皮马皮、牛皮代替驴皮。这也说明,单从氨基酸的含量来鉴别胶的种类和质量似乎不可行。  相似文献
6.
Injection drug use and HIV/AIDS transmission in China   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
INTRODUCTION Although sexual transmission accounts for most of the AIDS epidemic globally, HIV/AIDS among injecting drug users (IDUs) is a growing problem worldwide. First de- tected in China in 1989 among drug abusers on the Yunnan border, HIV/AIDS subse…  相似文献
7.
Injection drug use and HIV/AIDS transmission in China   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Chu TX  Levy JA 《Cell research》2005,15(11-12):865-869
After nearly three decades of being virtually drug free, use of heroin and other illicit drugs has re-emerged in China as a major public health problem. One result is that drug abuse, particularly heroin injection, has come to play a predominant role in fueling China's AIDS epidemic. The first outbreak of HIV among China's IDUs was reported in the border area of Yunnan province between China and Myanmar where drug trafficking is heavy. Since then drug-related HIV has spread to all 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities. This paper provides an overview to HIV/AIDS transmission through injection drug use in China. It begins with a brief history of the illicit drug trade in China, followed by a discussion of the emergence of drug related AIDS, and a profile of drug users and their sexual partners who have contracted the virus or who are vulnerable to infection. It ends by summarizing three national strategies being used by China to address both drug use and AIDS as major health threats.  相似文献
8.
Quan C  Su F  Wang H  Li H 《Steroids》2011,76(14):1527-1534

Background

The need for certified reference materials (CRM) of anabolic-androgenic steroids reference materials was emphasized by the Beijing 2008 Olympic game as a tool to improve comparability, ensuring accuracy and traceability of analytical results for competing athletes. The China National Institute of Metrology (NIM) responded to the state request by providing seven anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) reference materials for Beijing Olympic anti-doping, GBW (E) 100086-GBW (E) 100092.

Experimental

This work describes the production of the series of AAS CRMs, according to ISO Guides 34 and 35 [1] and [2], which comprises the material processing, homogeneity and stability assessment, CRMs’ characterization including moisture content, trace metal content. The AASs’ purity values were assigned with collaborative study involved eight laboratories applying high resolution liquid chromatography-diode array detector (HPLC-DAD). Homogeneity of the AAS CRMs were determined by an in-house validated liquid chromatographic methodology. Potential degradation during storage was also investigated and a shelf-life based on this value was established.

Results

The certified values of CRMs were 99.76 ± 0.079%, 99.76 ± 0.25%, 99.63 ± 0.09%, 99.67 ± 0.11%, 98.82 ± 0.56%, 96.30 ± 0.39% and 99.71 ± 0.49% (purity ± expanded uncertainty with confidence level of 95%) for methyltestosterone, testosterone propionate, nandrolone, nandrolone 17-propionate, boldenone, trenbolone acetate and testosterone respectively.

Conclusions

The certified values for all the studied AAS reference materials are traceable to the international system of units (SI). The CRMs developed were applied by 32 laboratory including sports organizations and analytical laboratories during the 2008 Olympic game for anti-doping control.  相似文献
9.
The pattern of carbon (C) allocation across different stages of stand development of Chinese pine (Pinus tabulaeformis) forests is poorly documented. In order to understand the effects of stand age on the C pool of the Chinese pine forest ecosystem, we have examined the above- and belowground C pools in three differently aged stands of Chinese pine in the northern mountains of Beijing, China, by plot-level inventories and destructive sampling. Our results suggest that tree branch and foliage biomass should be estimated by age-specific equations. Reasonably accurate estimates of tree stem, tree root, aboveground, and total tree biomass in a Chinese pine forest at different development stages were obtained using age-independent allometric equations from tree diameter only. The ratio of belowground to aboveground tree biomass was relatively constant with stand aging, remaining around 21?%. The contribution of aboveground tree biomass C increased from 21?% of the total ecosystem C in a 25-year-old stand to 44?% in a 65-year-old stand, subsequently falling to 41?% in a 105-year-old stand, while the contribution of mineral soil C decreased from 64?% of the total ecosystem C in 25-year-old stand to 38?% in a 65-year-old stand, subsequently increasing to 41?% in a 105-year-old stand. The C stock of the total ecosystem and its aboveground tree, tree root, forest floor, and mineral soil components continuously increased with stand ageing, whereas the C stock of the understory showed a declining trend and contributed little to the total site C pool.  相似文献
10.
Uric acid is an important diagnostic marker of catabolism of the purine nucleosides, and accurate measurements of serum uric acid are necessary for proper diagnosis of gout or renal disease appearance. A candidate reference method involving isotope dilution coupled with liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) has been described. An isotopically labeled internal standard, [1,3-(15)N(2)] uric acid, was added to serum, followed by equilibration and protein removal clean up to prepare samples for liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry electrospray ionization (LC/MS-ESI) analyses. (M-H)(-) ions at m/z 167 and 169 for uric acid and its labeled internal standard were monitored for LC/MS. The accuracy of the measurement was evaluated by a comparison of results of this candidate reference method on lyophilized human serum reference materials for uric acid (Standard Reference Materials SRM909b) with the certified values determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry reference methods and by a recovery study for the added uric acid. The method performed well against the established reference method of ion-exchange followed by derivatization isotope dilution (ID) gas chromatography mass spectrometry (ID-GC/MS). The results of this method for uric acid agreed well with the certified values and were within 0.10%. The amounts of uric acid recovered and added were in good agreement for the three concentrations. This method was applied to determine uric acid in samples of frozen serum pools. Excellent precision was obtained with within-set CVs of 0.08-0.18% and between-set CVs of 0.02-0.07% for LC/MS analyses. Liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry electrospray ionization (LC/MS/MS-ESI) analysis was also performed. The LC/MS and LC/MS/MS results were in very good agreement (within 0.14%). This LC/MS method, which demonstrates good accuracy and precision, and is in the speed of analysis without the need for a derivatization stage, qualifies as a candidate reference method. This method can be used as an alternative reference method to provide an accuracy base to which the routine methods can be compared.  相似文献
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