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1.
黄杨中的非生物碱化学成分   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
从黄杨Buxus sinica地上部分分离出10个化合物,通过光谱分析鉴定为:Cleomiscosin A(1),3,5-二羟基-4′,6,7-三甲氧基-黄酮-3′-O-β-D-葡萄糖甙(2),5,3′,4′-三羟基-3,6,7-三甲氧基-黄酮(3),Cleomiscosin A-4′-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(4),3,5-二甲氧基苯甲酸-4-O-β-D-葡萄糖甙(5),4′,5-二羟基-3,6,7-三甲氧基-黄酮(6),羽扇豆烷醇(7),(+)-Pinoresinol-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(8),β-谷甾醇(9),胡萝卜甙(10)。其中化合物1—5,6,8均为首次从该属植物中分离得到。  相似文献
2.
1.福建柄腹姬小蜂Pediobius fujianensis,新种 雌 体长1.2-1.6mm。紫黑色具金属光泽。小盾片后部、并胸腹节和腹部第1节背板具蓝绿色金属光泽。足除跗节前3节为黄白色外,末节暗褐色,余均同体色。 头比胸稍宽(8:7),具较细网纹。侧单眼至复眼边缘的距离(OOL),约等于2  相似文献
3.
球衣菌胞内聚β-羟基丁酸提取方法的研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
以球衣菌(Sphaerotilus natans FQ40)为材料,比较多种破壁方法对其胞内PHB提取率的影响。结果表明SDS-NaClO混合破壁法最适宜于提取球衣菌胞内PHB。细胞悬液先用10g/L SDS,35℃处理10min,再用体积分数5%的NaClO处理5min后,经离心、洗涤、烘干,用热氯仿抽提PHB,提取率可达56%,纯度与标准品相同。  相似文献
4.
A mutant of spikelet differentiation in rice called frizzle panicle (fzp) was discovered in the progeny of a cross between Oryza sativa ssp. indica cv. V20B and cv. Hua1B. The mutant exhibits normal plant morphology but has apparently fewer tillers. The most striking change in fzp is that its spikelet differentiation is completely blocked, with unlimited subsequent rachis branches generated from the positions where spikelets normally develop in wild-type plants. Genetic analysis suggests that fzp is controlled by a single recessive gene, which is temporarily named fzp(t). Based on its mutant phenotype, fzp(t) represents a key gene controlling spikelet differentiation. Some F2 mutant plants derived from various genetic background appeared as the “middle type”, suggesting that the action of fzp(t) is influenced by the presence of redundant, modifier or interactive genes. By using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers and bulked segregant analysis (BSA) method, fzp(t) gene was mapped in the terminal region of the long arm of chromosome 7, with RM172 and RM248 on one side, 3.2 cM and 6.4 cM from fzp(t), and RM18 and RM234 on the other side, 23.1 cM and 26.3 cM from fzp(t), respectively. These results will facilitate the positional cloning and function studies of the gene.  相似文献
5.
6.
A mutant of spikelet differentiation in rice called frizzle panicle (fzp) was discovered in the progeny of a cross between Oryza sativa ssp. indica cv. V20B and cv. Hua1B. The mutant exhibits normal plant morphology but has apparently fewer tillers. The most striking change in fzp is that its spikelet differentiation is completely blocked, with unlimited subsequent rachis branches generated from the positions where spikelets normally develop in wild-type plants. Genetic analysis suggests that fzp is controlled by a single recessive gene, which is temporarily named fzp (t). Based on its mutant phenotype, fzp (t) represents a key gene controlling spikelet differentiation. Some F2 mutant plants derived from various genetic background appeared as the "middle type", suggesting that the action of fzp (t) is influenced by the presence of redundant, modifier or interactive genes. By using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers and bulked segregant analysis (BSA) method, fzp (t) gene was mapped in the terminal region of the long arm of chromosome 7, with RM172 and RM248 on one side, 3.2 cM and 6.4 cM from fzp (t), and RM18 and RM234 on the other side, 23.1 cM and 26.3 cM from fzp(t), respectively. These results will facilitate the positional cloning and function studies of the gene.  相似文献
7.
近年来,真菌感染患者的发病率和死亡率持续上升,但现有抗真菌药物种类依然非常少,并且耐药现象的出现使临床可选择的抗真菌药物变得更加有限.因此,对新的抗真菌药物的开发迫在眉睫,从天然产物中寻找新型高效的抗真菌药物成为目前的研究热点之一.从天然产物中筛选出具有抗真菌活性的天然化合物,有助于扩大治疗真菌感染疾病的可选药物种类,减少耐药的发生.该文归纳现有报道的具有抗真菌活性的化合物,根据其不同来源及不同化学结构进行分类,阐明不同类别天然化合物的抗真菌作用机制,为开发新型高效抗真菌药物提供前体结构及抗真菌新靶点.  相似文献
8.
近年来对于深部真菌感染的研究报道越来越多,其已日益成为一些重要疾病临床治疗过程中的常见并发症,其中,白念珠菌病的发病率仍居高不下.虽然目前有多种抗真菌药物应用于临床,但其耐药现象愈来愈严重,给临床治疗带来了极大的挑战.近来有关白念珠菌耐药机制的研究有了较新的进展.该文就新发现的白念珠菌的耐药机制,作一概述.  相似文献
9.
白念珠菌是一种条件性致病菌,可在人体植入性器械表面形成生物被膜.与浮游和以个体形式存在的白念珠菌相比,生物被膜在结构及功能上有很大差异,这种差异本质上是由基因表达决定的.近年来,研究者们试图通过芯片和基因敲除等技术手段,探索与白念珠菌生物被膜形成及耐药相关的基因,揭示其分子机制,寻找药物作用的新靶点.  相似文献
10.
深部真菌(主要为白念珠菌)感染现象在临床中越来越常见,真菌耐药已经成为目前治疗的主要难题.传统中医理论认为“苦寒燥湿”类中药能有效治疗各种感染,对寻找抗耐药白念珠菌新药及协同药物具有一定的指导意义.该文主要总结阐述苦寒类中药抗真菌研究进展.  相似文献
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