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1.
178例小儿肺炎分离菌分布和耐药性分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
目的 了解小儿肺炎病原菌谱及耐药性。方法 对2003~2004年178例小儿肺炎的痰标本进行细菌学培养,测定药物敏感性。结果 分离菌中,以革兰阴性菌居首位.占58.51%。肺炎克雷伯菌和大肠埃希菌为主琴芦种,对亚胺培南、美罗培南的耐药性最低;其次为革兰阳性菌,占40.43%,以金黄色葡萄球菌为主,耐甲氧西林的葡萄球菌为57.1%,对万古霉素、替考拉宁最敏感。结论 小儿肺炎病原菌以革兰阴性菌为主,并且出现多重耐药。临床上应避免盲目经验性用药,减少或减缓细菌耐药的发生。  相似文献
2.
为揭示啮齿动物食性及其对消化道肠道长度的影响,我们于2008年在四川省宝兴县蜂桶寨国家级自然保护区内以中华姬鼠和社鼠为对象展开了研究.结果发现社鼠和中华姬鼠均以摄食种子为主,食谱中各食物成分在性别之间无显著差异,但季节变化明显.在各食物成分中,摄入种子百分比与中华姬鼠及社鼠小肠长之间呈显著正相关,而昆虫成分则相反.分析认为,中华姬鼠和社鼠取食食物成分的季节变化,可能与不同季节中食物资源可获得性的不同有关,消化道长度的变化可能体现了对季节性食物资源和能量需求的适应.  相似文献
3.
基于2A肽策略构建多基因表达载体的研究进展   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
多基因表达载体的构建在生物技术领域尤其是基因治疗方面显得日趋重要。目前常用的多基因表达载体多存在载体容量小、上下游基因表达失衡、蛋白活性低或蛋白空间位置不理想等缺陷。2A肽是近年使用较多的一种构建多基因载体的工具,与其它多基因构建策略相比,2A肽策略具有更明显优势。就(类)2A肽的来源、剪切机制、生物学特征、与蛋白定位的关系以及应用方面做一综述。  相似文献
4.
磁珠法快速提取基因组DNA的实验研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
针对临床标本基因组DNA的提取方法缺乏广泛适用性,提取步骤繁琐,需要进行离心操作,并且提取过程中会用到苯酚、氯仿等有机试剂,会对操作人员有一定的危害性等不足,本研究拟建立一种适用于临床标本的基因组DNA快速提取方法。在传统的基因组DNA提取试剂和方法的基础上,本研究采用二氧化硅修饰的超顺磁珠设计了一种基因组DNA快速提取方法;探讨磁珠用量、裂解液p H、盐酸胍浓度等因素对基因组DNA提取效率的影响并采用凝胶电泳实验进行验证。当磁珠用量在50~100μg/100 mg样品,裂解液p H约为6,盐酸胍的浓度为6 mol/L时基因组DNA提取效果好、效率高,且磁珠的用量与吸附表面积成正比,但达到一定用量后不会增加提取量,对于100 mg肺组织,适宜的磁珠用量为80μg。此基因组DNA提取方法高效省时,简便快捷,性价比高,适用临床大量样本基因组DNA提取。  相似文献
5.
本文以水稻亚种间杂交组合Ⅱ优2070及恢复系2070、Ⅱ优419及恢复系中419为材料.应用HPLC和ELISA法测定灌浆期间根系伤流液中根源细胞分裂素(CTKs)种类和数量以及稻叶和籽粒中细胞分裂素组分含量的变化.研究表明在亚种杂交稻及其恢复系灌浆起始阶段,玉米素(Z)占总CTKs的比例高达62.8%-89.1%,是根系伤流液中细胞分裂素的主要成分.而二氢玉米素(diHZ)和二氢玉米素核苷(diHZR)则在灌浆后期明显上升,这种变化动态与II优2070和2070剑叶中ZRs(Z+ZR)、diHZRs(diHZ+diHZR)的波动变化是相符合的。与根系伤流液的主要细胞分裂素组成不同,IPAs在叶片和籽粒中占总CTKs量的比例最高。说明在灌浆期间.根系伤流液中CTKs的种类及其活性存在着变化,这种变化可能与细胞分裂素代谢酶活性变化及其相关酶基因表达的不同有关。讨论了强、弱势粒的CTKs组分的变化与籽粒结实的可能关系。  相似文献
6.
描记纹胸属鱼类 1新种 ,珠江纹胸Glyptothoraxzhujiangensissp .nov.,采自广东新会市崖西镇白水带溪(属珠江水系 )。新种与四斑纹胸G .quadriocellatus较相近 ,但胸吸着器呈心形而不是楔形 ,腹鳍起点近吻端而不是近尾鳍基 ,头部无斑而不是在两眼后方各有 1个黄色亮斑 ,尾鳍长大于而不是小于头长 ,鳃耙数、脊椎骨数较多 ,脂鳍基较短 ,与后者明显不同。  相似文献
7.
A survey on radon (222Rn), thoron (220Rn) and its decay products (220RnD) was conducted in Chinese traditional residential dwellings constructed with loam bricks or soil wall. The activity concentrations in 164 dwellings under investigation were 72.4±59.2 (arithmetic mean, AM) and 57.5±2.0 Bq m−3 (geometric mean, GM) for 222Rn, and 318±368 and 162±3.7 Bq m−3 for 220Rn, respectively. For 220RnD, 67 dwellings were studied. The AM of the 220RnD equilibrium equivalent concentration was 3.8±3.3 Bq m−3 with a maximum value of 15.8 Bq m−3. On the basis of these results, the average annual effective doses to the local residents due to radon and thoron exposure were 1.44–4.62 mSv. Thoron contributes 12.9–56.6% to the total doses. Preliminary results show that there is a relation between 220RnD in air and 232Th in soil. The correlation factors of outdoor and indoor were 0.88 and 0.40. The 232Th activity content of Chinese soil is estimated to be about two times the world average. The traditional residential dwellings with soil construction are still common in China. Further investigations on the 220Rn level in these dwelling with the aim of dose reduction are proposed.  相似文献
8.
设计不同浓度的灵芝浸出液培养基,以香蕉(Musa sapientumL.)作为培养材料,通过定量接种不同种类的细菌及真菌以观察灵芝浸出液的抑菌效果。结果表明,采用野生灵芝10 g于1 000 ml蒸馏水中煮2 h的浸出液配制的培养基,不仅能使香蕉正常生长,而且已感染细菌的材料经一段时间培养后,细菌污染消失,恢复正常。研究结果对于香蕉转基因操作以及完善组织培养技术具有重要的参考意义。  相似文献
9.
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling plays an important role in regulation of a wide variety of cellular processes. Canonical TGF-β signaling is mediated by Smads which were further regulated by several factors. We previously reported that E3 ubiquitin ligase CHIP (carboxyl terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein, also named Stub1) controlled the sensitivity of TGF-β signaling by modulating the basal level of Smad3 through ubiquitin-mediated degradation. Here, we present evidence that Hsp70 and Hsp90 regulate the complex formation of Smad3/CHIP. Furthermore, we observed that over-expressed Hsp70 or inhibition of Hsp90 by geldanamycin (GA) leads to facilitated CHIP-induced ubiquitination and degradation of Smad3, which finally enhances TGF-β signaling. In contrast, over-expressed Hsp90 antagonizes CHIP mediated Smad3 ubiquitination and degradation and desensitizes cells in response to TGF-β signaling. Taken together, our data reveal an opposite role of Hsp70 and Hsp90 in regulating TGF-β signaling by implicating CHIP-mediated Smad3 ubiquitination and degradation. This study provides a new insight into understanding the regulation of the TGF-β signaling by chaperones.  相似文献
10.
T3801C is a common polymorphism in CYP1A1, showing differences in its biological functions. Case–control studies have been performed to elucidate the role of T3801C in cancer, although the results are conflicting and heterogeneous. Hence, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the association between cancer susceptibility and T3801C (55,963 cases and 76,631 controls from 268 studies) polymorphism in different inheritance models. We used odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals to assess the strength of the association. Overall, significantly increased cancer risk was observed in any genetic model (dominant model: odds ratio [OR] = 1.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.09–1.19; recessive model: OR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.12–1.34; CC vs. TT: OR = 1.31, 95% CI = 1.19–1.45; TC vs. TT: OR = 1.12, 95% CI = 1.07–1.18; additive model: OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 1.09–1.19) when all eligible studies were pooled into the meta-analysis. In further stratified and sensitivity analyses, the elevated risk remained for subgroups of cervical cancer, head and neck cancer, hepatocellular cancer, leukemia, lung cancer, prostate cancer and breast cancer. In addition, significantly decreased colorectal cancer risk was also observed. In summary, this meta-analysis suggests that the participation of CYP1A1 T3801C is a genetic susceptibility for some cancer types. Moreover, our work also points out the importance of new studies for T3801C association in some cancer types, such as gallbladder cancer, Asians of acute myeloid leukemia, and thyroid cancer, where at least some of the covariates responsible for heterogeneity could be controlled, to obtain a more conclusive understanding about the function of the CYP1A1 T3801C polymorphism in cancer development.  相似文献
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