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1.
Mitochondrial ferritin (MtF) is a newly identified ferritin encoded by an intronless gene on chromosome 5q23.1. The mature recombinant MtF has a ferroxidase center and binds iron in vitro similarly to H-ferritin. To explore the structural and functional aspects of MtF, we expressed the following forms in HeLa cells: the MtF precursor (approximately 28 kDa), a mutant MtF precursor with a mutated ferroxidase center, a truncated MtF lacking the approximately 6-kDa mitochondrial leader sequence, and a chimeric H-ferritin with this leader sequence. The experiments show that all constructs with the leader sequence were processed into approximately 22-kDa subunits that assembled into multimeric shells electrophoretically distinct from the cytosolic ferritins. Mature MtF was found in the matrix of mitochondria, where it is a homopolymer. The wild type MtF and the mitochondrially targeted H-ferritin both incorporated the (55)Fe label in vivo. The mutant MtF with an inactivated ferroxidase center did not take up iron, nor did the truncated MtF expressed transiently in cytoplasm. Increased levels of MtF both in transient and in stable transfectants resulted in a greater retention of iron as MtF in mitochondria, a decrease in the levels of cytosolic ferritins, and up-regulation of transferrin receptor. Neither effect occurred with the mutant MtF with the inactivated ferroxidase center. Our results indicate that exogenous iron is as available to mitochondrial ferritin as it is to cytosolic ferritins and that the level of MtF expression may have profound consequences for cellular iron homeostasis.  相似文献
2.
Oxidative stress in cardiovascular disease: myth or fact?   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
Oxidative stress is a mechanism with a central role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, cancer, and other chronic diseases. It also plays a major role in the aging process. Ischemic heart disease is perhaps the human condition in which the role of oxidative stress has been investigated in more detail: reactive oxygen species and consequent expression of oxidative damage have been demonstrated during post-ischemic reperfusion in humans and the protective role of antioxidants has been validated in several experimental studies addressing the pathophysiology of acute ischemia. Although an impressive bulk of experimental studies substantiate the role of oxidative stress in the progression of the damage induced by acute ischemia, not a single pathophysiologic achievement has had a significant impact on the treatment of patients and randomized, controlled clinical trials, both in primary and secondary prevention, have failed to prove the efficacy of antioxidants in the treatment of ischemic cardiovascular disease. This dichotomy, between the experimental data and the lack of impact in the clinical setting, needs to be deeply investigated: certainly, the pathophysiologic grounds of oxidative stress do maintain their validity but the concepts of the determinants of oxidative damage should be critically revised. In this regard, the role of intermediate metabolism during myocardial ischemia together with the cellular redox state might represent a promising interpretative key.  相似文献
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4.
The purpose of this paper is to present the experimental device and the work in progress performed in search for objective organic correlation of damage to hearing, examining possible acoustic otofunctional effects on the cochlear epithelium of the rat due to exposure to microwaves (900 MHz). Two experiments using male Sprague-Dawley rats were carried out with a far-field exposure in a cubic chamber. No statistically significant evidence was obtained at both specific absorption rate (SAR) values. The exposure system and the diagnostic apparatus are extremely useful to investigate a potential effect on the auditory system: however, with the parameters applied in these experiments, no evidence was observed. Received: 16 March 1999 / Accepted: 1 March 2000  相似文献
5.
Biocomposites of thermoplastic starch with surfactant   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
Thermoplastic starch films were prepared by a casting technique. Microfibrillated fibers from husks of corncobs were added as reinforcing agents and glyceryl monostearate (GMS) as surfactant. The films were characterized using X-ray diffraction studies, thermal and mechanical analysis and water uptake experiments. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction showed the formation of amylose–GMS complexes. Compared to films without GMS the films with GMS showed significant reductions in water uptake and an increase in tensile strength. Important differences in the DSC measurements in the 160–200 °C range of films with and without GMS were also exhibited. These effects can be related to the reinforcement of the polymer matrix by the web-like network of the microfibrillated fibers, the formation of amylose–GMS complexes and the interactions of the polar groups of the GMS with the hydroxyl groups of the cellulose. Retrogradation tendencies of the TPS films were also changed by these phenomena.  相似文献
6.
The present study evaluates the inhibitory activity and the absorption of cadmium (Cd) salts by different microbial species, including Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus andS. epidermidis), Gram-negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, andProteus mirabilis) bacteria and one yeast (Candida albicans). The metal absorption by growing cells was considered both in liquid and in solid medium. For one strain ofP. aeruginosa the presence of Cd deposits inside the cell was investigated by transmission electron microscopy. Generally, the Gram-negative species tested proved to be highly resistant to Cd ions and accumulated great amounts of Cd during growth. Two strains ofP. aeruginosa showed a high degree of resistance to Cd and were particularly efficient in removing the metal from solutions. The Gram-positive bacteria showed a heterogeneous behavior: anS. aureus strain susceptible to Cd absorbed, at low metal concentrations, higher amounts of metal than a Cd-resistant one. The metal absorption for Gram-negative species was dose dependent, while for the Cd-resistant staphylococci it reached a plateau. Our results suggest that microorganisms can represent a good model to study the interactions between heavy metals and living organisms.  相似文献
7.
Electrotransformation of Streptococcus agalactiae with plasmid DNA   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Abstract A protocol for efficient electrotransformation of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococcus) Lancefield's strain O90R (NTCT 9993) (an unencapsulated derivative of type Ia strain O90) was developed. The Escherichia coli - Streptococcus shuttle vector pDP28 (7.8 kb) carrying the ermB gene for resistance to erythromycin was used as donor DNA. Frozen 'electrocompetent' cells were prepared by repeated washes in 10% glycerol. A 50-μl aliquot containing about 5×109 colony forming units of bacteria was subjected to the electric pulse. Optimal conditions for electrotransformation were determined using different media, harvesting cells at different points of the growth curve, and using different field strengths. The dose-response curve for transformation of S. agalactiae with pDP28 showed one-hit kinetics as donor DNA varied between 0.01 and 3 μg. The efficiency of electrotransformation for this range of amounts of donor DNA was 1.2×104 cfu μg−1. The transformation frequencies obtained with this electroporation protocol are high enough to allow both subcloning and shotgun cloning of streptococcal DNA in S. agalactiae .  相似文献
8.
Occurrence of oxidative stress during myocardial reperfusion   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Reperfusion, without doubt, is the most effective way to treat the ischaemic myocardium. Late reperfusion may however cause further damage. Myocardial production of oxygen free radicals above the neutralizing capacity of the myocytes is an important cause of this reperfusion damage. There is evidence that prolonged ischaemia reduces the naturally occurring defence mechanisms of the heart against oxygen free radicals, particularly mitochondrial manganese superoxide dismutase, and intracellular pool of reduced glutathione. Consequently, reperfusion results in a severe oxidative damage, as evidenced by tissue accumulation and release of oxidized glutathione.An oxygen free radical-mediated impairment of mechanical function also occurs during reperfusion of human heart. In fact we observed during surgical reperfusion of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients, a prolonged and sustained release of oxidized glutathione;the degree of oxidative stress was inversely correlated with recovery of mechanical and haemodynamic function. These findings represent the rationale for therapeutic interventions which increase the cellular antioxidant capacities and improve the efficacy of myocardial reperfusion.  相似文献
9.
The biological properties, classification and phylogeny of eukaryotic DNA polymerases are reviewed.  相似文献
10.
This review is focused on the different chromatographic strategies for blood alcohol determination which can be adopted for clinical and/or forensic purposes. Particular attention is paid to gas chromatography and to high-performance liquid chromatography. However, other analytical techniques in common use, such as chemical and enzymic methods, are also briefly presented, together with some, at present unusual or experimental, approaches, such as enzymic reactors and catalytic electrodes, which are suitable for application in column liquid chromatography. Finally, mention is made of the methods for the determination of acetaldehyde, the major ethanol metabolite, and of some proposed markers of chronic alcohol abuse, such as acetaldehyde—protein adducts and carbohydrate-deficient transferrin. In order to give the background of knowledge for the rational choice of an analytical strategy, an updated outline of ethanol metabolism and toxicology is presented, together with basic information for the interpretation of the results. Problems concerning blood sampling and storage are also discussed.  相似文献
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