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1.
世界种子植物科的分布区类型系统   总被引:270,自引:10,他引:260  
分布区类型是指植物类群的分布图式基本一致地再现。分布区类型的划分是植物区系地理学研究的重要方法。中国种子植物的3116个属被划分为15个类型和37个变型,用固定的格式代表各种分布区。植物分布区类型的划分方法已经被实践证明是揭示各分布区类型的特征及其相互关系行之有效的方法。本文对世界所有种子植物的科进行了分析整理,提出了世界种子植物科分布区类型的划分方案。将世界种子植物的科划分为18个大分布区类型,并沿用中国种子植物属分布区类型的表现方式,用数字1-18代表不同的分布区类型,其中1-15与中国种子植物属分布区类型完全一致,16—18是中国没有分布的科。除1,11,(16),(17),(18)外,均有或多或少的变型,共74个。本文还提供了世界种子植物各科的分布区类型表。这种划分对理解世界被子植物区系的形成发展有一定帮助,并为陆地植物分区的深入研究提供了一个有效手段。  相似文献
2.
Mutations in a gene on chromosome 1, DJ-1, have been reported recently to be associated with recessive, earlyonset Parkinson's disease. While one mutation is a large deletion that is predicted to produce an effective knockout of the gene, the second is a point mutation, L166P, whose precise effects on protein function are unclear. In the present study, we show that L166P destabilizes DJ-1 protein and promotes its degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome system. A double mutant (K130R, L166P) was more stable than L166P, suggesting that this lysine residue contributes to stability of the protein. Subcellular localization was broadly similar for both wild type and L166P forms of the protein, indicating that the effect of the mutation is predominantly on protein stability. These observations are reminiscent of other recessive gene mutations that produce an effective loss of function. The L166P mutation has the simple effect of promoting DJ-1 degradation, thereby reducing net DJ-1 protein within the cell.  相似文献
3.
一株高水平表达重组蛋白昆虫细胞系的建立   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12  
洪华珠  彭建新 《昆虫学报》2001,44(3):276-281
报道了一株来自粉纹夜蛾Trichoplusiani脂肪体的传代细胞系 ,在辅以 5%胎牛血清的商品无血清培养基Excell 4 0 0中 ,细胞群体倍增时间为 2 2 9h ,最高密度可达 2 2× 10 6 mL ,该细胞对苜蓿丫纹夜蛾多粒包埋型多角体病毒 (AcMNPV)极为敏感 ,增殖AcMNPV多角体平均每个细胞达86个 ,表达由AcMNPV构建的重组蛋白的水平较高 ,β 半乳糖苷酶的表达水平为 ( 2 2 5 5± 13 4 )IU mL ;碱性磷酸酶的表达水平为 ( 4 7± 0 61)IU mL ,是一株高水平表达重组蛋白的传代细胞系 ,命名为HNU Tn FB1。  相似文献
4.
Hereditary spastic paraplegias comprise a group of clinically heterogeneous syndromes characterized by lower extremity spasticity and weakness, with distal axonal degeneration in the long ascending and descending tracts of the spinal cord. The early onset hereditary spastic paraplegia SPG3A is caused by mutations in the atlastin/human guanylate-binding protein-3 gene (renamed here atlastin-1), which codes for a 64-kDa member of the dynamin/Mx/guanylate-binding protein superfamily of large GTPases. The atlastin-1 protein is localized predominantly in brain, where it is enriched in pyramidal neurons in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus. In cultured cortical neurons, atlastin-1 co-localized most prominently with markers of the Golgi apparatus, and immunogold electron microscopy revealed a predominant localization of atlastin-1 to the cis-Golgi. Yeast two-hybrid analyses and co-immunoprecipitation studies demonstrated that atlastin-1 can self-associate, and gel-exclusion chromatography and chemical cross-linking studies indicated that atlastin-1 exists as an oligomer in vivo, most likely a tetramer. Membrane fractionation and protease protection assays revealed that atlastin-1 is an integral membrane protein with two predicted transmembrane domains; both the N-terminal GTP-binding and C-terminal domains are exposed to the cytoplasm. Together, these findings indicate that the SPG3A protein atlastin-1 is a multimeric integral membrane GTPase that may be involved in Golgi membrane dynamics or vesicle trafficking.  相似文献
5.
A simple restricted-access media (RAM) HPLC method for simultaneous determination of the lactone and carboxylate forms of 10-hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT) in human serum was established. Using a RAM Hisep analytical column, serum samples were directly injected into the HPLC system. The eluted peaks of two forms of HCPT were monitored with a fluorescence detector. The separation was completed in 17 min. The linear range was 20-1000 ng/ml, intra-day and inter-day variations being less than 5%. The kinetic equation was introduced according to the analytical results. The equation shows that the course of the HCPT lactone form converting to carboxylate form in human serum at 4 degrees C is a first-order kinetic course. The concentration of each form at the moment of sampling was calculated by extrapolation.  相似文献
6.
杂交水稻苗期叶绿体希尔反应活性研究   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5       下载免费PDF全文
本文利用薄膜氧电极法,测定了五套杂交水稻组合的杂种和亲本的叶绿体破碎膜的悬浮液(以下简写作叶绿体液)和细胞匀浆液(简写作细胞液)的光下放氧活性及其亲本间的互补效应,发现具有优势的杂种其叶绿体液和细胞液的希尔反应活性都较其亲本的平均值为高,即有叶绿体希尔反应活性杂种优势表现;另外将两亲本叶绿体液或细胞液等量混合后测定,也较其亲本的平均值要高,即有互补作用表现。且细胞匀浆互补效应较叶绿体液的互补效应要明显。我们认为,叶绿体希尔反应活性的杂种优势和互补作用表现,无论是叶绿体液还是细胞液,都可以作为杂种优势预测的一个参考指标;在杂种优势机理探讨方面有一定的价值。而且应用细胞匀浆互补比用叶绿体互补稳定可靠,简便易行。  相似文献
7.
The ADAM family consists of a number of transmembrane proteins that contain disintegrin-like and metalloproteinase-like domains. Therefore, ADAMs potentially have cell adhesion and protease activities. 14-3-3 proteins are a highly conserved family of cytoplasmic proteins that associate with several intracellular signaling molecules in the regulation of various cellular functions. Here we report the identification of a novel interaction between the ADAM 22 cytoplasmic tail and the 14-3-3zeta isoform by a yeast two-hybrid screen. The interaction between the ADAM 22 cytoplasmic tail and 14-3-3zeta was confirmed by an in vitro protein pull-down assay as well as by co-immunoprecipitation, and the binding sites were mapped to the 28 amino acid residues of the C-terminus of the ADAM 22 cytoplasmic tail. Furthermore, we found that overexpression of the ADAM 22 cytoplasmic tail in human SGH44 cells inhibited cell adhesion and spreading and that deletion or mutation of the binding site for 14-3-3zeta within the ADAM 22 cytoplasmic tail abolished the ability of the overexpressed cytoplasmic tail to alter cell adhesion and spreading. Taken together, these results for the first time demonstrate an association between ADAM 22 and a 14-3-3 protein and suggest a potential role for the 14-3-3zeta/ADAM 22 association in the regulation of cell adhesion and related signaling events.  相似文献
8.
采用Bt Cry1Ac活性毒素对粉纹夜蛾BTI-Tn-5B1细胞进行56代筛选后获得了抗性比为1280倍的抗性细胞。ELISA检测表明抗性细胞总蛋白和膜蛋白结合的Cry1Ac数量都少于敏感细胞。配体结合Western杂交实验显示:抗性细胞和敏感细胞的膜蛋白与总蛋白都有5条电泳迁移率相同的毒素结合多肽带,其分子量分别为207,158.5,118.8,72,38.5 kD;抗性细胞的118.8和72kD的阳性带比敏感细胞的略弱,这可能与抗性的形成相关。  相似文献
9.
四个水稻 (OryzasativaL .)品种“IR72”、“特三矮 2号”、“桂朝 2号”和“Ⅱ优 44 80”在田间栽于含 35 μmol mol和 6 0 μmol molCO2 的塑料大棚中 ,自然光照。高浓度CO2 下供试水稻品种的光合速率变化表现为提高型 (“IR72”、“特三矮 2号”)、稳定型 (“桂朝 2号”的Pn几无变化 )和下调型 (“Ⅱ优 44 80”)。生长速率、穗重、由Δ1 3 C计算而得的长期水分利用效率和清除DPPH· 自由基的能力皆增加。除“Ⅱ优 44 80”外 ,其他 3个品种明显增高总生物量。供试品种的穗重 总生物量比不同程度地受到高浓度CO2 的改变。叶片段经PEG渗透胁迫后 ,不同的生长于高浓度CO2 者的电解质渗漏率较小。结果表明高浓度CO2 可改变水稻的光合作用和水分关系特性 ,品种间不同的响应显示了选育适于未来高浓度CO2 下具有高产和抗逆性品种的可能性。  相似文献
10.
八种昆虫离体细胞系对灭多威农药的敏感性研究   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
采用MTT法,研究了灭多威农药对八昆虫离体细胞系敏感性的差异。结果显示,同一浓度处理下,不同细胞系细胞病变的程度不同,敏感性差异很大。LC50值在10^2-10^5μg/ml范围内变化,其中,白纹伊蚊细胞系是最敏感的,而小菜蛾细胞系几乎不敏感。  相似文献
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