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利用响应面分析法优化山楂中总黄酮提取条件   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
通过响应面分析法对山楂中总黄酮的提取工艺进行优化。利用响应面实验设计考察乙醇浓度、提取温度、提取时间、液固比四因素对总黄酮提取率的影响。用自编MATLAB程序对实验数据进行二次响应面分析。得出山楂总黄酮的最佳提取条件为:乙醇浓度66%、提取温度83℃、提取时间2 h、固液比19∶1,提取率为74.72%,与模型预测值基本相符。  相似文献
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百合皂苷的提取、纯化及其对自由基的清除作用   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
本文用正交实验法对百合总皂甙的提取工艺中温度、乙醇浓度、固液比例、回流时间和提取次数5个因素进行研究,优选出简便可靠、且适合工业化生产的百合总皂甙的提取工艺。其最佳提取工艺条件是:温度为60℃,乙醇浓度为70%,固液比例为1∶6,提取时间3h,提取次数3次。以溴邻苯三酚红(BPR)为显色剂,基于Co(II)H2O2体系反应产生的羟自由基(·OH)使溴邻苯三酚红(BPR)的颜色发生变化,采用756型紫外可见分光光度计测定其吸光度的变化值,研究百合皂苷在此体系中清除羟自由基的作用,对照实验表明:百合总皂苷提取物对羟自由基的清除作用比人参皂苷强。  相似文献
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2龄前扬子鳄肠道的年龄结构变化   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
光镜下,用组织学和组织化学的方法对四个不同年龄段扬子鳄不同肠段进行了研究。扬子鳄肠道长度随年龄增大而增加,相对长度从初生至8月龄逐减,从8月龄至2龄增大。肠道各项组织学参数绝对值均年龄增长而增加,相对值从初生至5月龄变化很大,5月龄至2龄变化不明显。  相似文献
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吴孝彬  陈壁辉 《动物学报》1992,38(2):118-123
本文通过光镜和扫描电镜研究了爬行动物扬子鳄鼻腔上皮的组织学。结果表明:其嗅觉上皮的组成细胞类型与两栖类、鸟类和哺乳类基本相似,但嗅细胞纤毛形状则有所不同;扬子鳄与两栖类、鸟类嗅纤毛相似,呈丝状,而哺乳类嗅觉纤毛则呈棍棒状;据外,扬子鳄鼻腔不同部位可发现不同类型嗅纤毛,鸟兽则无此现象,扬子鳄嗅觉上皮的分布仅局限于鼻腔中部前甲区和鼻甲区狭小范围,而兽类嗅觉上皮一般分布较广;扬子鳄呼吸上皮下未见兽类具有的混合型粘液腺,也未见兽类用以温暖空气的静脉丛,这和扬子鳄属外温动物而兽类为恒温动物密切相关。  相似文献
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Deacetoxy/deacetylcephalosporin C synthase (acDAOC/DACS) from Acremonium chrysogenum is a bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes both the ring-expansion of penicillin N to deacetoxycephalosporin C (DAOC) and the hydroxylation of the latter to deacetylcephalosporin C (DAC). Three residues N305, R307 and R308 located in close proximity to the C-terminus of acDAOC/DACS were each mutated to leucine. The N305L and R308L mutant acDAOC/DACSs showed significant improvement in their ability to convert penicillin analogs. R308 was identified for the first time as a critical residue for DAOC/DACS activity. Kinetic analyses of purified R308L enzyme indicated its improved catalytic efficiency is due to combined improvements of K(m) and k(cat). Comparative modeling of acDAOC/DACS supports the involvement of R308 in the formation of substrate-binding pocket.  相似文献
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Deacetoxy/deacetylcephalosporin C synthase (acDAOC/DACS) from Acremonium chrysogenum is a bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes both the ring-expansion of penicillin N to deacetoxycephalosporin C and the hydroxylation of the latter to deacetylcephalosporin C. The R308 residue located in close proximity to the C-terminus of acDAOC/DACS was mutated to the other 19 amino acids. In the resulting mutant pool, R308L, R308I, R308T and R308V showed significant improvement in their ability to convert penicillin analogs, thus confirming the role of R308 in controlling substrate selectivity, the four amino acids all possess short aliphatic sidechains that may improve hydrophobic interactions with the substrates. The mutant R308I showed the highest reactivity for penicillin G, with 3-fold increase in kcat/Km ratio and 7-fold increase in relative activity.  相似文献
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