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鉴定转Bt甘蔗抗条螟的方法   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
通过采集蔗田条螟Procerasvenosatus Walker的蛹,在室内可控条件下进行羽化、交配、产卵、孵化的方式获得虫源,并将初孵幼虫接于检疫温室桶栽的13个转Bt基因甘蔗品系的心叶上,7d后调查幼虫的生长死亡情况以及甘蔗受害程度。结果表明,综合幼虫的生长死亡情况和甘蔗受害程度二项指标,能更准确评价甘蔗的抗虫性,13个转Bt基因甘蔗品系的抗虫性差异悬殊,从高抗到高感不等。该评价方法简单易行,结果准确可靠,可作为转Bt基因甘蔗抗虫性鉴定的一个主要方法。  相似文献
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在对乙酰GNAT家族进行研究分析的过程中,找到一个人GNAT家族的新成员MAK3。MAK3含有一个保守的乙酰化酶结构域,并且不同物种中的MAK3的蛋白质序列高度保守。通过半定量和定量RT—PCR检测了在不同组织中MAK3的mRNA水平。并且把MAK3分别克隆到了真核和原核表达质粒中,通过免疫印迹技术证实了MAK3的表达。还进一步用亲和层析的方法成功纯化了细菌中表达的MAK3,并对纯化后的MAK3的酶活性进行了测定。  相似文献
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Yan YB  Zhang YL  Qi WW  Wan YJ  Fan YX  Wang F 《遗传》2011,33(4):307-313
猪作为实验材料,具有由于来源方便、基因序列与人类的相近及其在畜牧业中的重要地位等优势,成为国内外研究的热点,但是猪的胚胎干细胞(Embryonic stem cells,ESC)建系方面的研究进展缓慢。诱导性多能干细胞(induced pluripotent stem cells,iPSC)技术的诞生,开创了体细胞重编程的全新方法。猪iPSC体系的建立将为家畜ESC体系的建立奠定基础,同时也对提高猪转基因克隆的效率,高效育种和保种,乃至生物医学领域均产生深远的影响。文章综述了iPSC技术的主要进展,重点阐述了猪iPSC技术的现状及其在生物医学和畜牧业中的应用前景,以期为从事该领域研究的科研人员提供参考。  相似文献
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The free fatty acid receptor, GPR40, is implicated in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes, and is a new potential drug target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Its antagonist is thought to be not only a useful chemical probe for further exploring the function of GPR40 but also a lead structure for drug development. With virtual screening based on a homology model followed by a cell-based calcium mobilization assay, we found that sulfonamides are a new class of small organic antagonists for GPR40. One of the compounds, DC260126, dose-dependently inhibited GPR40-mediated Ca2+ elevations stimulated by linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitoleic acid and lauric acid (IC50: 6.28 ± 1.14, 5.96 ± 1.12, 7.07 ± 1.42, 4.58 ± 1.14 μM, respectively), reduced GTP-loading and ERK1/2 phosphorylation stimulated by linoleic acid in GPR40-CHO cells, suppressed palmitic acid potentiated glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, and negatively regulated GPR40 mRNA expression induced by oleic acid in Min6 cells.  相似文献
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目的:验证M/Z:8693,4889低表达;M/Z:1762,1576高表达四组蛋白质指纹预测吉非替尼治疗非小细胞肺癌疗效的符合情况.方法:对6名准备服用吉非替尼治疗的非小细胞肺癌患者,服药前行SELDI检查,服药1个月后,按实体瘤疗效评定标准评定疗效.对已经服用吉非替尼治疗达1个月以上并有可观察肿瘤评价疗效的外院非小细胞肺癌患者9名,于疗效评价后的第二、三天进行SELDI检查.比较CR+PR组中M/Z:8693、4889低表达,M/Z:1762、1576高表达指纹的符合率.结果:按实体瘤疗效评价CP+PR组的10名患者全部符合,M/Z:8693,(漂移±50H+),M/Z:4889,(漂移±100H+)低表达,M/Z:1762,(漂移±50H+),M/Z:1576,(漂移±50H+)高表达,符合率10/10;3名PD患者全部符合,M/Z:8693,(漂移±50H+),M/Z:4889,(漂移±100H+)高表达,M/Z:1762,(漂移±50H+),M/Z:1576,(漂移±50H+)低表达,符合率3/3.其中M/Z:8693±50H+指纹为主要评价指纹.结论:非小细胞肺癌患者血清蛋白质指纹M/Z符合8693,(漂移±50H+),4889,(漂移±100H+)低表达,1762,(漂移±50H+),1576,(漂移±50H+)高表达,接受吉非替尼治疗有较高疗效.(注:M/Z=质/核)  相似文献
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The cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis proposes that CSCs, which can renew themselves proliferate infinitely, and escape chemotherapy, become the root of recurrence and metastasis. Previous studies have verified that side population (SP) cells, characterized by their ability to efflux lipophilic substrate Hoechst 33342, to share many characteristics of CSCs in multiplying solid tumors. The purpose of this study was to sort SP cells from a human gallbladder carcinoma cell line, SGC-996 and to preliminarily identify the biological characteristics of SP cells from the cell line. Using flow cytometry we effectively sorted SP cells from the cell line SGC-996. SP cells not only displayed higher proliferative, stronger clonal-generating, more migratory and more invasive capacities, but showed stronger resistance. Furthermore, our experiments demonstrated that SP cells were more tumorigenic than non-SP counterparts in vivo. Real-time PCR analysis and immunocytochemistry showed that the expression of ATP-binding cassette subfamily G member 2 (ABCG2) was significantly higher in SP cells. Hence, these results collectively suggest that SP cells are progenitor/stem-like cells and ABCG2 might be a candidate marker for SP cells in human gallbladder cancer.  相似文献
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