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排序方式: 共有23条查询结果,搜索用时 62 毫秒
1.
墨兰试管苗植株成熟叶片叶绿体基粒较发达,类囊本膜垛叠较紧密。幼叶叶绿体中少有亲锇颗粒,成熟叶的叶绿体中往往既有亲锇颗粒又有淀粉粒。幼叶中基粒数目比成熟叶的少,叶绿体也比成熟叶的小。幼叶的光合放氧速率比成熟叶的低。幼叶中叶尖部叶绿体最大而叶基部最小,但叶尖部的光合放氧速率比叶基部小。成熟叶中叶绿体大小及光合放氧速率区别不明显。通过对各部位叶绿素含量的测定发现,叶绿素含量与光合放氧速率之间没有正相关性  相似文献
2.
Scp160p associates with specific mRNAs in yeast   总被引:9,自引:5,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
Scp160p is a multiple KH-domain RNA-binding protein in yeast that has been demonstrated previously to associate with both soluble and membrane-bound polyribosomes as an mRNP component. One key question that has remained unanswered, however, is whether the mRNAs in these mRNP complexes are random or specific. We have addressed this question using microarray analyses of RNAs released from affinity isolated Scp160p-containing complexes, compared with total RNA controls from the same lysates. Our results, confirmed by quantitative RT–PCR analysis, clearly demonstrate that Scp160p associates with specific rather than with random messages, and that among the enriched targets are DHH1, YOR338W, BIK1, YOL155C and NAM8. Furthermore, loss of Scp160p resulted in a significant change in both the abundance and distribution between soluble and membrane-associated fractions for at least one of these messages (YOR338W), and in a subtle yet significant shift from soluble polyribosomes to soluble mRNPs for at least two of these target messages (DHH1 and YOR338W). Together, these data not only identify specific mRNA targets associated with Scp160p in vivo, they demonstrate that the association of Scp160p with these messages is biologically relevant.  相似文献
3.
异色瓢虫对白毛蚜捕食作用的研究   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7       下载免费PDF全文
李照会  郑方强 《昆虫学报》1993,36(4):438-443
 试验研究了异色瓢虫Leis axyridis(Pallas)各龄幼虫和戌虫对白毛蚜Chaitophorus po-pulialbae无翅成蚜的捕食功能反应及其成虫的寻找效应。功能反应均属Holling II型。异色瓢虫成虫寻找效应和自身密度之间的关系用Hasell & arley(1969)模型E=QP-m 和Beddington(1975)模型E=aT/[1+btm(P-1)]进行了模拟,Beddington模型更好地反映寻找效应和瓢虫密度之间的 关系。寻找效应与瓢虫成虫自身密度和蚜虫密度之间的关系用Bcddington(1995)模型E=aT/[1+aTmN十btm(P-1)]进行描述,表明寻找效应(E)随瓢虫密度(P)和猎物蚜虫密度(N)的增大而下降  相似文献
4.
肿瘤热疗机制与方法的研究进展   总被引:4,自引:1,他引:3  
本文主要从肿瘤热疗的生物学机制,肿瘤热疗的方法以及当前肿瘤热疗中存在的主要问题等方面综述了该领域的国内外研究进展.提出了其发展的主要方向。  相似文献
5.
Scp160p is a multiple KH-domain RNA-binding protein in yeast known to associate with polyribosomes as an mRNP component, although its biological role remains unclear. As a genetic approach to examine Scp160p function, we applied an ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) screen for loci synthetically lethal with scp160 loss, and identified a single candidate gene, EAP1, whose protein product functions in translation as an eIF4E-binding protein, with additional uncharacterized spindle pole body functions. To reconfirm scp160/eap1 synthetic lethality, we constructed a strain null for both genes, supported by an SCP160 maintenance plasmid. We used this strain to establish a quantitative assay for both Scp160p and Eap1p functions in vivo, and applied this assay to demonstrate that Y109A EAP1, a previously described allele of EAP1 that cannot bind eIF4E, is markedly impaired with regard to its SCP160-related activity. In addition, we explored the possibility of physical interaction between Eap1p and Scp160p, and discovered that Eap1p associates with Scp160p-containing complexes in an RNA-dependent manner. Finally, we probed the impact of EAP1 loss on Scp160p, and vice versa, and found that loss of each gene resulted in a significant change in either the complex associations or subcellular distribution of the other protein. These results clearly support the hypothesis that Scp160p plays a role in translation, demonstrate that the interaction of SCP160 and EAP1 is biologically significant, and provide important tools for future studies of the in vivo functions of both genes.  相似文献
6.
利用组织化学方法对油松茎次生木质部树脂道发育过程中上皮细胞内树脂滴和淀粉粒的动态变化进行了研究。发现在树脂道原始细胞阶段,每个原始细胞含淀粉粒较少,含树脂滴稀少。在树脂道形成阶段,淀粉粒数目较多,体积增大,树脂滴也呈递增趋势。在树脂道成熟阶段,淀粉粒数目变化不大,而体积明显变小,树脂滴的体积增大,数目减少。  相似文献
7.
墨兰的解剖学研究   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
运用石蜡切片法和扫描电镜技术,对墨兰营养器官和生殖器官进行了研究。结果表明墨兰叶片表面具较厚的角质层。气孔多为四轮列型,分布在下表皮,叶肉没有海绵组织和栅栏组织的分化,但叶尖部和叶中部中脉附近的叶肉细胞常伸长,类似栅栏组织细胞,平行脉,外韧型维管束,在假鳞茎中,维管束散生在基本组织中,根具根被,皮层和维管柱三部分,花被各部分基本结构均相似,唇瓣和合蕊柱的表皮为腺表皮,具花柱道,三心皮雌蕊,一室,侧膜胎座,四合花粉,表面无纹饰,蒴果。  相似文献
8.
运用薄切片和电镜细胞化学方法观察了马尾松(Pinus massoniana Lamb.)茎皮层树脂道的发育及发育过程中果胶酶的变化。树脂道的发育过程一般可分为4个阶段,即原始细胞阶段、胞间隙形成阶段、腔道扩大阶段和树脂道成熟阶段。在原始细胞阶段,果胶酶的反应产物首先出现在原始细胞膨胀的细胞壁角隅处,然后沿细胞壁中层分布。胞间隙形成后,果胶酶的反应产物分布在细胞壁和胞间隙的交界面。随着胞间隙的扩大,反应产物的密度逐渐降低。当树脂道成熟后,上皮细胞壁上则没有果胶酶的反应产物出现。细胞化学证据表明: 在树脂道的发育过程中,果胶酶降解树脂道原始细胞细胞壁中层,支持树脂道以裂生方式形成。果胶酶的细胞化学定位技术还可用于其他植物中与果胶水解有关的发育过程。  相似文献
9.
墨兰组织培养植株的叶结构和生理特性   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
墨兰叶肉没有海绵组织和栅栏组织的分化,但在叶的不同部分的叶脉附近叶肉细胞有不同的形态变化。叶尖和叶中部中脉附近的叶肉细胞排列紧密。细胞明显伸长,似栅栏组织,叶基部中 叶肉细胞没有伸长,叶部叶绿体周径大,叶绿素含量高,光合速率亦较高,且Fv/Fm、φPSⅡ和qp均较叶的其他部分高。  相似文献
10.
Scp160p is a 160 kDa RNA-binding protein in yeast previously demonstrated to associate with specific messages as an mRNP component of both soluble and membrane-bound polyribosomes. Although the vast majority of Scp160p sequence consists of 14 closely spaced KH domains, comparative sequence analyses also demonstrate the presence of a potential nuclear localization sequence located between KH domains 3 and 4, as well as a 110 amino acid non-KH N-terminal region that includes a potential nuclear export sequence (NES). As a step toward investigating the structure/function relationships of Scp160p, we generated two truncated alleles, FLAG.SCP160ΔN1, encoding a protein product that lacks the first 74 amino acids, including the potential NES, and FLAG.SCP160ΔC1, encoding a protein product that lacks the final KH domain (KH14). We report here that the N-truncated protein, expressed as a green fluorescent protein fusion in yeast, remains cytoplasmic, with no apparent nuclear accumulation. Biochemical studies further demonstrate that although the N-truncated protein remains competent to form RNPs, the C-truncated protein does not. Furthermore, polyribosome association is severely compromised for both truncated proteins. Perhaps most important, both truncated alleles appear only marginally functional in vivo, as demonstrated by the inability of each to complement scp160/eap1 synthetic lethality in a tester strain. Together, these data challenge the notion that Scp160p normally shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm, and further implicate polyribosome association as an essential component of Scp160p function in vivo. Finally, these data underscore the vital roles of both KH and non-KH domain sequences in Scp160p.  相似文献
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