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毛舞花姜花器官的发生与发育   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
通过扫描电镜观察了毛舞花姜(Globba barthei Gagne p.)的花序及花器官的发生与发育。3枚萼片原基首先于花顶连续发生,随后花顶的中心凹陷形成环状原基,环状原基进一步分化形成三枚花瓣—雄蕊共同原基,并在花顶的中心形成花杯。共同原基分化形成花瓣和三枚内轮雄蕊,紧接着外轮雄蕊在花杯的顶点发生。远轴的两枚内轮雄蕊延伸生长并相互融合形成了唇瓣,近轴的一枚形成了可育雄蕊;近轴的两枚外轮雄蕊发育形成了成熟花结构中的侧生退化雄蕊,而远轴的一枚缺失。近轴的两枚外轮雄蕊原基起始的同时,3枚心皮原基也在中心花杯的内侧发生而后与外轮雄蕊相间排列。对毛舞花姜花序的发生和发育的观察发现,在花序轴的头几片初级苞片中产生的是珠芽原基而非蝎尾状小花序原基,其形态特征类似于早期的蝎尾状小花序原基,由此推测珠芽很可能是蝎尾状小花序的变异。  相似文献
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Curcumorpha longiflora is a perennial chasmophyte (rock fissure plant) ginger that usually grows in crevices of calcareous rocks and forms patches on the understory of limestone monsoon rainforests. The pollination ecology of C. longiflora was studied by monitoring phenology and flowering behavior, observing pollinator activity (frequency and behavior of visitors), and the quantity and quality of pollination services. We also investigated the germination of pollen grains and growth of pollen tubes after different pollination treatments to detect its breeding system. Based on the results: (1) for the first time in Zingiberaceae a new protandrous mechanism was found with a two-day flowering to avoid autogamy in this species; (2) under field conditions, all individuals of C. longiflora usually produced only one flower every other day to keep geitonogamy to a minimum; (3) germination of pollen grains and growth rates of pollen tubes under different pollination treatments were the same 4 h later after pollination, suggesting that C. longiflora is completely self-compatible; (4) among the limited visitors, Bombus sp. and Apis florae were effective pollinators, but they were active at different times and at different stages of the flower, probably receiving different rewards.  相似文献
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