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Aberrant activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is associated with a wide range of human cancers. The interaction of β-catenin with T cell factor (Tcf) is a key step in activation of proliferative genes in this pathway. Interruption of this interaction would be a valuable strategy as a tumor therapy. In this study, we developed a novel fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled Tcf4-derived probe for identification of inhibitors of the β-catenin/Tcf4 interaction using a fluorescence polarization assay. This assay shows high potential for use in high-throughput screening for the discovery of inhibitors of the β-catenin/Tcf4 interaction.  相似文献
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The 3C-like proteinase of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS) has been proposed to be a key target for structural based drug design against SARS. We have designed and synthesized 34 peptide substrates and determined their hydrolysis activities. The conserved core sequence of the native cleavage site is optimized for high hydrolysis activity. Residues at position P4, P3, and P3' are critical for substrate recognition and binding, and increment of beta-sheet conformation tendency is also helpful. A comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) model was constructed. Based on the mutation data and CoMFA model, a multiply mutated octapeptide S24 was designed for higher activity. The experimentally determined hydrolysis activity of S24 is the highest in all designed substrates and is close to that predicted by CoMFA. These results offer helpful information for the research on the mechanism of substrate recognition of coronavirus 3C-like proteinase.  相似文献
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Human MID1 (midline-1) is a microtubule-associated protein that is postulated to target the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 2A for degradation. It binds alpha4 that then recruits the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 2A. As a member of the TRIM (tripartite motif) family, MID1 has three consecutive zinc-binding domains—RING (really interesting new gene), Bbox1, and Bbox2—that have similar ββα-folds. Here, we describe the in vitro characterization of these domains individually and in tandem. We observed that the RING domain exhibited greater ubiquitin (Ub) E3 ligase activity compared to the Bbox domains. The amount of autopolyubiquitinated products with RING-Bbox1 and RING-Bbox1-Bbox2 domains in tandem was significantly greater than those of the individual domains. However, no polyubiquitinated products were observed for the Bbox1-Bbox domains in tandem. Using mutants of Ub, we observed that these MID1 domain constructs facilitate Ub chain elongation via Lys63 of Ub. In addition, we observed that the high-molecular-weight protein products were primarily due to polyubiquitination at one site (Lys154) on the Bbox1 domain of the RING-Bbox1 and RING-Bbox1-Bbox2 constructs. We observed that MID1 E3 domains could interact with multiple E2-conjugating enzymes. Lastly, a 45-amino-acid peptide derived from the C-terminus of alpha4 that binds tightly to Bbox1 was observed to be monoubiquitinated in the assay and appears to down-regulate the amount of polyubiquitinated products formed. These studies shed light on MID1 E3 ligase activity and show how its three zinc-binding domains can contribute to MID1's overall function.  相似文献
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Zhao L  Tang Y  You Z  Wang Q  Liang S  Han X  Qiu D  Wei J  Liu Y  Shen L  Chen X  Peng Y  Li Z  Ma X 《PloS one》2011,6(4):e18909
T helper cells that produce IL-17 (Th17 cells) have recently been identified as the third distinct subset of effector T cells. Emerging data suggests that Th17 cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of many liver diseases by regulating innate immunity, adaptive immunity, and autoimmunity. In this study, we examine the role and mechanism of Th17 cells in the pathogenesis of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). The serum levels of IL-17 and IL-23, as well as the frequency of IL-17+ cells in the liver, were significantly elevated in patients with AIH, compared to other chronic hepatitis and healthy controls. The hepatic expressions of IL-17, IL-23, ROR-γt, IL-6 and IL-1β in patients with AIH were also significantly increased and were associated with increased inflammation and fibrosis. IL-17 induces IL-6 expression via the MAPK signaling pathway in hepatocytes, which, in turn, may further stimulate Th17 cells and forms a positive feedback loop. In conclusion, Th17 cells are key effector T cells that regulate the pathogenesis of AIH, via induction of MAPK dependent hepatic IL-6 expression. Blocking the signaling pathway and interrupting the positive feedback loop are potential therapeutic targets for autoimmune hepatitis.  相似文献
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A random phage 12‐mer peptide library and a whole‐cell subtractive biopanning protocol against HepG2 cells were used to select a novel peptide‐specific binding to hepatocellular carcinoma cells. As a result, peptide SLSLITMLKISR (AM‐2) was screened as a novel homing peptide to hepatocellular carcinoma cells, tested by immunofluorescence and immunochemistry assays. Subsequently, peptide AM‐2 was linked to melittin by A(EAAAK)2A, and the antitumor effect of this ligation product was detected by MTT assay, fluorescence‐activated cell sorting, and scanning electron microscopy methods. Results of cell growth inhibition tests confirmed that the affinity of melittin was increased after being incorporated into AM‐2, and AM‐2‐melittin specifically targeted and killed HepG2 cells in vitro. Thus, AM‐2 is a valuable ligand for tumor targeting, which leads to increased binding and killing effect of hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro when ligated to melittin, and AM‐2‐melittin has a clinical potential application as target agents for the treatment of human hepatocellular carcinoma. Copyright © 2013 European Peptide Society and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献
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Tian W  Han X  Yan M  Xu Y  Duggineni S  Lin N  Luo G  Li YM  Han X  Huang Z  An J 《Biochemistry》2012,51(2):724-731
Overactivation or overexpression of β-catenin in the Wnt (wingless) signaling pathway plays an important role in tumorigenesis. Interaction of β-catenin with T-cell factor (Tcf) DNA binding proteins is a key step in the activation of the proliferative genes in response to upstream signals of this Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Recently, we identified a new small molecule inhibitor, named BC21 (C(32)H(36)Cl(2)Cu(2)N(2)O(2)), which effectively inhibits the binding of β-catenin with Tcf4-derived peptide and suppresses β-catenin/Tcf4 driven reporter gene activity. This inhibitor decreases the viability of β-catenin overexpressing HCT116 colon cancer cells that harbor the β-catenin mutation, and more significantly, it inhibits the clonogenic activity of these cells. Down-regulation of c-Myc and cyclin D1 expression, the two important effectors of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling, is confirmed by treating HCT116 cells with BC21. This compound represents a new and modifiable potential anticancer candidate that targets β-catenin/Tcf-4 interaction.  相似文献
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