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毛叶枣的组织培养及植株再生   总被引:10,自引:0,他引:10  
1 植物名称 毛叶枣 (Ziziphusmuari tiana) ,别名印度枣、缅枣、西西果等 ,广东、海南、福建等地又名台湾青枣。2 材料类别 幼嫩茎段、果肉和刚张开的幼嫩叶片。3 培养条件 培养基 :( 1 )MS 2 ,4 D 1 .0mg·L-1(单位下同 ) KT 0 .2 5 CM  相似文献
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通过对荔枝果皮花色苷提取方法的比较,认为盐酸甲醇为最适提取剂,提取的色素液对光照和温度均较稳定,而pH值显著影响花色苷的稳定性。  相似文献
3.
分析在植物开花过程中起重要作用的LEAFY(LFY)基因的保守区序列,设计1对长度均为23bp的PCR引物,以杧果基因组DNA为模板,采用PCR方法扩增出长为822bp的DNA片段,克隆入pGEM-T Easy载体。测序和序列分析表明,获得了杧果LFY同源基因(miLFY)3挾说?个片段,该片段有1个415bp的内含子,编码区共编码135个氨基酸,其序列已经在GenBank中登记(登录号AY189684)。在GenBank中进行同源性检索,发现其氨基酸序列与其它植物LFY同源基因的氨基酸序列同源性高达74%~97%,推测它们具有相似的功能。  相似文献
4.
Wei YZ  Hu FC  Hu GB  Li XJ  Huang XM  Wang HC 《PloS one》2011,6(4):e19455
Litchi has diverse fruit color phenotypes, yet no research reflects the biochemical background of this diversity. In this study, we evaluated 12 litchi cultivars for chromatic parameters and pigments, and investigated the effects of abscisic acid, forchlorofenron (CPPU), bagging and debagging treatments on fruit coloration in cv. Feizixiao, an unevenly red cultivar. Six genes encoding chalcone synthase (CHS), chalcone isomerase (CHI), flavanone 3-hydroxylase (F3H), dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR), anthocyanidin synthase (ANS) and UDP-glucose: flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase (UFGT) were isolated from the pericarp of the fully red litchi cv. Nuomici, and their expression was analyzed in different cultivars and under the above mentioned treatments. Pericarp anthocyanin concentration varied from none to 734 mg m(-2) among the 12 litchi cultivars, which were divided into three coloration types, i.e. non-red ('Kuixingqingpitian', 'Xingqiumili', 'Yamulong'and 'Yongxing No. 2'), unevenly red ('Feizixiao' and 'Sanyuehong') and fully red ('Meiguili', 'Baila', Baitangying' 'Guiwei', 'Nuomici' and 'Guinuo'). The fully red type cultivars had different levels of anthocyanin but with the same composition. The expression of the six genes, especially LcF3H, LcDFR, LcANS and LcUFGT, in the pericarp of non-red cultivars was much weaker as compared to those red cultivars. Their expression, LcDFR and LcUFGT in particular, was positively correlated with anthocyanin concentrations in the pericarp. These results suggest the late genes in the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway were coordinately expressed during red coloration of litchi fruits. Low expression of these genes resulted in absence or extremely low anthocyanin accumulation in non-red cultivars. Zero-red pericarp from either immature or CPPU treated fruits appeared to be lacking in anthocyanins due to the absence of UFGT expression. Among these six genes, only the expression of UFGT was found significantly correlated with the pericarp anthocyanin concentration (r?=?0.84). These results suggest that UFGT played a predominant role in the anthocyanin accumulation in litchi as well as pericarp coloration of a given cultivar.  相似文献
5.
运用酶解振荡压片技术和常规石蜡切片技术分别研究了无籽八月桔的胚囊育性及无籽八月桔自交和异交(无籽八月桔×台湾椪柑,无籽八月桔×有籽八月桔)的胚胎发育。结果表明:无籽八月桔胚囊可育,成熟胚囊具一个卵细胞、两个助细胞、三个反足细胞以及一个大的含二个极核的中央细胞;其自交和异交的胚胎发育均正常,授粉后2周出现球形胚和少量心形胚,授粉后3周出现心形胚和鱼雷形胚,授粉后4周全部为鱼雷形胚,授粉后5周发育成子叶胚,授粉后7周子叶胚继续发育形成种子痕迹,仍具珠柄。可以得出,无籽八月桔胚囊育性正常,且不具胚胎中途败育现象,胚胎败育不是无籽八月桔无籽的原因。  相似文献
6.
通过PCR从‘京都七寸人参'胡萝卜基因组DNA中扩增抗冻蛋白基因,测序结果表明该基因的核苷酸序列与从宁夏‘吴忠'胡萝卜中克隆的完全一致。先后将获得的胡萝卜afp基因克隆和亚克隆至pMD18-T和pBI121,构建植物表达载体pBI121-afp。通过冻融法将pBI121-afp导入根癌农杆菌EHA105中。以香蕉栽培品种‘北大矮蕉'的胚性细胞悬浮系为受体,采用农杆菌介导法将胡萝卜afp基因导入其中,然后在Kanamycin的选择压力下通过体细胞胚发生途径进行植株再生。共获得抗性再生植株9株,其中两株经PCR检测呈阳性,可初步确定目的基因已经整合到这两株转基因香蕉植株的基因组中。  相似文献
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