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1.
Cloning of Taiwan water buffalo male-specific DNA sequence for sexing   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Horng YM  Chen YT  Wu CP  Jea YS  Huang MC 《Theriogenology》2004,62(8):1536-1543
Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) fingerprinting was carried out to investigate the sex-specific DNA sequence for sexing in Taiwan water buffalos. One hundred and forty random primers were used for RAPD-PCR (polymerase chain reaction). One of these primers, OPC-16, produced a 321 bp fragment found only in tested males. This male-specific fragment was isolated and constructed into plasmids for nucleotide sequencing, a novel male-specific sequence was obtained. Two primers (BuSexOPC16-F and -R) were designed according to the cloned male-specific sequence to amplify the male-specific fragment using PCR for sexing. Sex-specific bands in the gel were represented in the males but none were found in the females when the Taiwan water buffalo genomic DNA samples were amplified with these two primers using PCR. The same results were also obtained from Taiwan yellow, Holstein, Angus, and Hereford cattle samples. This showed that the sex of these five breeds could be easily and effectively determined using the PCR technique.  相似文献
2.
The possible role of ethylene and abscisic acid (ABA) in regulating thetoxicity of detached rice leaves induced by phosphinothricin (PPT) andmethionine sulfoximine (MSO), both known to be glutamine synthetase (GS)inhibitors, was studied. During 12 h of incubation, PPT and MSOinhibited GS activity, accumulated NH4 + and inducedtoxicity of detached rice leaves in the light but not in darkness. PPT and MSOtreatments also resulted in an increase of ethylene production and ABA contentin a light dependent way. Addition of fluridone, an inhibitor of ABAbiosynthesis, reduced ABA content in rice leave but did not preventNH4 + toxicity of rice leaves induced by PPT and MSO.Cobalt ion, an inhibitor of ethylene biosynthesis, affected PPT- andMSO-inducedtoxicity of detached rice leaves but had no effect on PPT- and MSO-inducedNH4 + accumulation. Results suggest that ethylene but notABA may be responsible for PPT- and MSO-induced toxicity of detached riceleaves.  相似文献
3.
Rubredoxin (D.g. Rd), a small non-heme iron-sulfur protein shown to function as a redox coupling protein from the sulfate reducing bacteria Desulfovibrio gigas, has been crystallized using the hanging-drop vapor diffusion method and macroseeding method. Rubredoxin crystals diffract to an ultra-high resolution 0.68 A using synchrotron radiation X-ray, and belong to the space group P2(1) with unit-cell parameters a=19.44 A, b=41.24 A, c=24.10 A, and beta=108.46 degrees. The data set of single-wavelength anomalous dispersion signal of iron in the native crystal was also collected for ab initio structure re-determination. Preliminary analysis indicates that there is one monomer with a [Fe-4S] cluster in each asymmetric unit. The crystal structure at this ultra-high resolution will reveal the details of its biological function. The crystal character and data collection strategy for ultra-high resolution will also be discussed.  相似文献
4.
Among Ag-inexperienced naive T cells, the CD1d-restricted NKT cell that uses invariant TCR-alpha-chain is the most widely studied cell capable of prompt IL-4 inducibility. We show in this study that thymus CD161-CD44lowCD4+CD8- T cells promptly produce IL-4 upon TCR stimulation, a response that displays biased Vbeta(2/7/8) and Valpha3.2 TCR usage. The association of Vbeta family bias and IL-4 inducibility in thymus CD161-CD44lowCD4+CD8- T cells is found for B6, B10, BALB/c, CBA, B10.A(4R), and ICR mouse strains. Despite reduced IL-4 inducibility, there is a similarly biased Vbeta(2/7/8) TCR usage by IL-4 inducibility+ spleen CD161-CD44lowCD4+CD8- T cells. Removal of alpha-galacotosylceramide/CD1d-binding cells from CD161-CD44lowCD4+CD8- thymocytes does not significantly affect their IL-4 inducibility. The development of thymus CD161-CD44lowCD4+CD8- T cells endowed with IL-4 inducibility and their associated use of Vbeta(2/7/8) are beta2-microglobulin-, CD1d-, and p59fyn-independent. Thymus CD161-CD44lowCD4+CD8- T cells produce low and no IFN-gamma inducibility in response to TCR stimulation and to IL-12 + IL-18, respectively, and they express diverse complementarity determining region 3 sequences for both TCR-alpha- and -beta-chains. Taken together, these results demonstrate the existence of a NKT cell distinct, TCR-repertoire diverse naive CD4+ T cell subset capable of prompt IL-4 inducibility. This subset has the potential to participate in immune response to a relatively large number of Ags. The more prevalent nature of this unique T cell subset in the thymus than the periphery implies roles it might play in intrathymic T cell development and may provide a framework upon which mechanisms of developmentally regulated IL-4 gene inducibility can be studied.  相似文献
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Background  

Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) forms a disadvantageous microenvironment for tissue repair at the lesion site. To consider an appropriate time window for giving a promising therapeutic treatment for subacute and chronic SCI, global changes of proteins in the injured center at the longer survival time points after SCI remains to be elucidated.  相似文献
7.
Three common urological diseases are bladder cancer, urinary tract infection, and hematuria. Seventeen bladder cancer biomarkers were previously discovered using iTRAQ - these findings were verified by MRM-MS in this current study. Urine samples from 156 patients with hernia (n=57, control), bladder cancer (n=76), or urinary tract infection/hematuria (n=23) were collected and subjected to multiplexed LC-MRM/MS to determine the concentrations of 63 proteins that are normally considered to be plasma proteins, but which include proteins found in our earlier iTRAQ study. Sixty-five stable isotope-labeled standard proteotypic peptides were used as internal standards for 63 targeted proteins. Twelve proteins showed higher concentrations in the bladder cancer group than in the hernia and the urinary tract infection/hematuria groups, and thus represent potential urinary biomarkers for detection of bladder cancer. Prothrombin had the highest AUC (0.796), with 71.1% sensitivity and 75.0% specificity for differentiating bladder cancer (n=76) from non-cancerous (n=80) patients. The multiplexed MRM-MS data was used to generate a six-peptide marker panel. This six-peptide panel (afamin, adiponectin, complement C4 gamma chain, apolipoprotein A-II precursor, ceruloplasmin, and prothrombin) can discriminate bladder cancer subjects from non-cancerous subjects with an AUC of 0.814, with a 76.3% positive predictive value, and a 77.5% negative predictive value. This article is part of a Special Section entitled: Understanding genome regulation and genetic diversity by mass spectrometry.  相似文献
8.
PPP2R2B, a protein widely expressed in neurons, regulates the protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activity for dephosphorylation of tau and other substrates. CAG repeat expansion at the 5′-end of the PPP2R2B gene causes autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxia type 12. In the present study, we investigated the roles of CAG repeats and flanking cis elements and the associated proteins in controlling PPP2R2B expression. Deletion/site-directed mutagenesis, in silico searches and cDNA overexpression revealed that CREB1 and SP1 bind to the conserved sequence upstream the CAG repeats to up-regulate PPP2R2B expression, whereas TFAP4 binds to the conserved sequence downstream the CAG repeats to down-regulate PPP2R2B expression. The binding of CREB1, SP1, and TFAP4 to the PPP2R2B promoter was further confirmed by DNA pull-down and ChIP-PCR assays. CAG repeats itself also function as a cis element to up-regulate PPP2R2B expression as AT repeat length has no effect on PPP2R2B expression. Together, our data provide evidence that CREB1, SP1, and TFAP4 play roles in modulating PPP2R2B expression, thus offering a mechanism of regulating PP2A activity as the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases associated with abnormal PP2A activity.  相似文献
9.
Microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) has been better known for its well-defined role primarily in neurite outgrowth during neuronal development. However, the biological functions of MAP2 in non-neuronal cells, such as epithelial cells, remain largely unknown. In the present study, we sought to investigate the cellular functions of MAP2 by separately establishing stable expression of two MAP2 isoforms, MAP2A and MAP2C, in oral squamous cell carcinoma, Ca9-22. Ectopic expression of MAP2A or MAP2C results in microtubule bundling predominantly at the cell periphery. Remarkably, overexpression of MAP2A but not MAP2C significantly promotes migration of Ca9-22 cells, whereas knockdown of MAP2A expression by specific siRNA oligos dramatically decreases cell migration of HaCaT, an immortalized keratinocyte cell line with abundant endogenous MAP2A. Furthermore, by immunohistochemical studies, MAP2A was shown to highly and selectively express in invasive oral cancer tissues, consistent with its motility-promoting cellular function revealed through in vitro assays. Thus, our findings have not only identified a novel role of MAP2 in non-neuronal cells, but also provided the first implication of MAP2 in malignant oral cancer tissues.  相似文献
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