首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
相似文献
 共查询到20条相似文献,搜索用时 140 毫秒
1.
排水疏干胁迫下若尔盖高原沼泽退化评价指标体系   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
杨永兴  李珂  杨杨 《应用生态学报》2013,24(7):1826-1836
沼泽退化评价指标体系研究是国际湿地科学研究前沿领域的关键科学问题之一.在长期野外考察的基础上,根据2009年3个排水疏干沼泽退化研究样带20个沼泽的植物群落生态观测和土壤分析数据,基于沼泽植物群落物种重要值的双向指示种分析(TWINSPAN),将沼泽样地划分为未受干扰(A型)、受长期低强度排水干扰(B~D型)和受短期高强度排水干扰(E~G型)3类,其中又可分为7个植物群落类型.采用主成分分析法(PCA)对沼泽退化进行分级,建立了若尔盖高原沼泽评价的植被指标体系(SVEI)和土壤指标体系(SSEI).基于SVEI,将沼泽划分为原始沼泽、轻度退化沼泽、中度退化沼泽和重度退化沼泽.基于SSEI,将红原县沼泽划分为原始沼泽、轻度退化沼泽和重度退化沼泽3个等级,将若尔盖县沼泽划分为轻度退化沼泽、中度退化沼泽和重度退化沼泽3个等级.SVEI或SSEI评价结果与TWINSPAN分类结果相似度均在70%以上,说明SVEI或SSEI对沼泽退化分级均具有较好的效果,可采用不同方法相结合的方式对高原沼泽进行综合评价.  相似文献   

2.
土壤活性有机碳及碳库管理指数对高寒湿地退化的响应   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
探明高寒湿地土壤活性有机碳及碳库管理指数变化与湿地退化的关系,对退化湿地生态恢复具有重要意义。以若尔盖湿地自然保护区的相对原生沼泽(RPM)、轻度退化沼泽(LDM)、中度退化沼泽(MDM)、重度退化沼泽(HDM)和极重度退化沼泽(SDM)湿地土壤为对象,研究土壤总有机碳、活性有机碳组分含量及碳库管理指数对高寒湿地退化的响应。结果表明:0~100 cm范围内土层总有机碳(TOC)含量表现为RPMLDMMDMHDMSDM;与RPM相比,各退化湿地土壤的水溶性有机碳(WSOC)、溶解性有机碳(DOC)、易氧化有机碳(PXOC)含量均降低,尤以MDM、HDM和SDM降低显著,其WSOC、DOC和PXOC含量的降幅分别为25.79%~76.76%、35.90%~92.81%、32.07%~80.06%。随着湿地退化程度的加剧,3种活性有机碳的分配比例逐渐增加,碳库管理指数却逐渐减小。由此可见,高寒湿地退化可能会通过增加湿地土壤有机碳活性,降低土壤碳"汇"能力和湿地土壤质量。  相似文献   

3.
放牧胁迫下若尔盖高原沼泽退化特征及其影响因子   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
李珂  杨永兴  杨杨  韩大勇 《生态学报》2011,31(20):5956-5969
根据原生和退化沼泽水体、植被与土壤信息,将放牧胁迫下若尔盖高原沼泽划分为5个等级,即原始沼泽、轻度退化、中度退化、重度退化和极度退化沼泽,系统地研究了若尔盖高原沼泽的退化特征及其影响因子。沼泽退化特征表现为:退化沼泽水体总氮含量较高,硝态氮、总磷含量以及碱度、矿化度随沼泽退化程度加剧而上升。退化沼泽物种丰富度增加,群落组成和结构趋于多样化;群落水分生态型结构变化明显,中生植物逐渐取代沼生植物优势地位;沿沼泽退化梯度,植被演替速率降低。沼泽退化序列上,土壤含水率、毛管孔隙度、全氮含量降低,土壤容重、全磷和全钾含量上升;土壤垂直剖面上,退化沼泽较原始沼泽和轻度退化沼泽全量养分含量变化大,并且,全氮和全磷含量具有表聚性。退化沼泽环境指标PCA分析显示,沼泽退化受土壤养分和水分含量的影响较大。  相似文献   

4.
研究了旅游干扰下滇西北高原碧塔海和属都湖湖滨湿地植被和土壤变化特征.结果表明:采用TWINSPAN分类方法将22个典型湿地样点划分为原生湿地、轻度退化、中度退化和重度退化4个类型.沿退化梯度,碧塔海和属都湖湿地植物群落的密度、盖度、物种数、Shannon多样性指数增大,植被高度下降,碧塔海湿地植物群落的Whittaker多样性指数增大;碧塔海湿地植物物种数、土壤有机质、全氮、孔隙度、速效氮、速效磷、速效钾含量低于属都湖湿地,群落密度、高度、土壤全钾、pH值变化规律则相反.利用42种植物的重要值和11个土壤理化指标进行典范对应分析,发现土壤有机质、全钾、全氮等养分含量是影响旅游干扰下碧塔海和属都湖湖滨湿地植物物种分布的关键因素.TWINSPAN分类和植被-土壤变化特征分析表明,旅游干扰对碧塔海湿地的影响比属都湖湖滨湿地更大.  相似文献   

5.
《植物生态学报》2014,38(11):1166
将无干扰的原生沼泽作为对照, 运用比较法研究了纳帕海高原湿地不同干扰强度下形成的湿地利用类型, 即沼泽(无干扰)、沼泽化草甸(轻度干扰)、草甸(中度干扰)和垦后湿地(重度干扰) 4个湿地利用类型的碳氮含量及其分布格局, 揭示干扰对纳帕海不同湿地利用类型碳氮及土壤真菌分布的影响。研究表明: (1) 4个湿地利用类型上下层土壤有机质(SOM)、全氮(TN)、碳氮比(C:N)和pH值均有显著的差异性(p < 0.01), 并且随着干扰强度的增大, SOM和TN含量逐渐减少。(2)土壤真菌经PDA培养基培养后计数, 在同一湿地类型上层的真菌数量大于下层, 随着干扰强度的增加, 真菌的数量逐渐增加。相关性分析表明: 真菌的数量与pH值、SOM和TN呈极显著负相关, 与C:N呈显著正相关。(3)系统发育研究表明: 纳帕海湿地分布有土壤真菌Ascomycota、Basidiomycota和Zygomycota, 其中Ascomycota是优势类群, 在高原湿地土壤碳氮分解等物质循环过程中Ascomycota处于主导地位。  相似文献   

6.
陈雯  李涛  郑荣泉  陈平  李婷  陆俊佶  张加勇 《生态学报》2012,32(22):7072-7081
外来植物对入侵地土壤动物群落及理化性质影响的研究不仅有助于评估入侵植物对生态系统的影响,而且对探索外来植物入侵的土壤动物学响应机制尤为重要。为了了解加拿大一枝黄花对入侵地土壤动物的群落结构及理化性质的影响,本文分季节分层次对加拿大一枝黄花不同程度的入侵地进行取样,获得土壤动物9900个,隶属3门11纲14目,弹尾目和蜱螨类均为优势类群。入侵程度不同的样地中土壤动物个体数量和类群组成不同。土壤动物个体数量和类群数量表现为轻度入侵区>中度入侵区>重度入侵区;多样性指数和均匀性指数表现为轻度入侵区<中度入侵区<重度入侵区,优势度指数表现与前两指数相反。加拿大一枝黄花的入侵没有改变土壤动物表聚性特点。非度量多维标度排序分析表明,不同入侵程度下的土壤动物分为3类,即轻度入侵类、中度入侵类、重度入侵类。不同入侵区域土壤的pH、有机质含量、铵态氮、速效钾和速效磷差异显著(P<0.05),土壤的含水量和温度差异不显著(P>0.05)。灰色关联分析表明,入侵区域土壤铵态氮对土壤动物关联最大,有机质含量次之,再次是速效磷和pH,土壤含水量的影响最小。因而,加拿大一枝黄花的入侵,改变了入侵地土壤理化性质(尤其是对铵态氮的调控),进而改变了土壤动物的群落结构,创造了利于自身生长、竞争有利的土壤环境。  相似文献   

7.
以纳帕海湿地猪拱干扰下的草甸湿地为对象,研究不同猪拱干扰强度对湿地群落植物多样性及土壤理化性质的影响。结果表明:1)物种数目、多样性指数(Shannon多样性指数、Margelef丰富度、Pielou均匀度指数)和地上、地下生物量均随着放牧强度的增强而下降;2)随着土壤深度的加深,轻度猪拱干扰下,土壤容重先减少后增加,中度和重度干扰则先增加后减少;3)随着放牧强度的增强,土壤有机质含量逐渐减少,且有机质含量随着土壤深度的加深而逐渐减少,同时,上层减少的趋势较下层更为明显。可见,不合理的家猪放养导致植物多样性降低,土壤结构破坏,土壤有机质含量显著下降。  相似文献   

8.
2009年,在对若尔盖高原沼泽的生态特征、环境质量考察和排水疏干沼泽样带生态调查的基础上,采用TWINSPAN分类方法,将研究区20个典型沼泽样地划分为原始沼泽、长期排水退化沼泽和短期排水退化沼泽3种类型,每类退化沼泽包含轻度退化、中度退化和重度退化3个退化等级,研究不同程度退化沼泽的植被和土壤退化特征.结果表明:若尔盖高原沼泽退化主要受排水方式、排水强度和土壤水分梯度的驱动.植物群落退化过程较土壤退化过程变化明显.其中,植物群落水分生态型的结构变化最显著,在长期排水和短期排水的影响下,沼生植物重要值由0.920分别下降至0.183和0.053,中生植物重要值由0.029分别上升至0.613和0.686.土壤对沼泽退化的响应具有滞后性,其理化性质呈一定的变化规律,但差异尚未达到显著水平.土壤水分和氮、钾等养分含量是影响若尔盖高原排水疏干退化沼泽植物物种分布的关键因素.  相似文献   

9.
以雅安市雨城区段青衣江河岸带的草本植被为研究对象,采用典型样地法选取沿岸受3种不同强度人为干扰的样地(轻度干扰的河滩地、中度干扰的割草地和重度干扰的弃耕地),探究不同人为干扰强度对青衣江沿岸的草本植物群落物种多样性和生态位的影响。结果表明:在3种类型的样地中共观测到64个物种,隶属于26科53属,物种数随着干扰强度的增加而降低;分析重要值发现,不同干扰强度下群落的主体均为菊科(Compositae)、禾本科(Gramineae)、蓼科(Polygonaceae)和豆科(Leguminosae)的种类,各物种重要值的差异不大,优势种不明显,种间竞争激烈;受不同干扰强度群落的生境存在差异,轻度干扰、中度干扰和重度干扰群落的生态位重叠值在0.5以上的物种数比率分别为95.0%、85.4%、74.2%,受不同强度干扰群落之间的物种相似程度不同,轻度干扰与中度干扰、中度干扰与重度干扰、轻度干扰与重度干扰的群落相似性系数分别为0.733、0.719、0.625;受不同强度人为干扰的群落中物种丰富度指数D值和Shannon-Wiener多样性指数H值的大小排序为轻度干扰中度干扰重度干扰,但Simpson指数H'值和Pielou均匀度指数Jsw值在样地之间的差异不显著。  相似文献   

10.
适应白洋淀湿地健康评价的IBI方法   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
陈展  林波  尚鹤  李勇 《生态学报》2012,32(21):6619-6627
IBI指数法是美国湿地生态系统健康评价的常用方法之一,在国内应用较少,目前为止只有少数学者尝试了底栖动物完整性指数(B-IBI)和鱼类完整性指数进行河流生态系统健康评价。试图建立适合白洋淀地区的生物完整性指数湿地健康状况评价的方法。在白洋淀的23个淀区进行土壤、水体、植物的实地调查与采样分析。根据已有研究所选择的植物属性,选择了30个植物属性作为备选参数。通过考察备选参数与人类干扰的相关性,最后确定了9个对人类干扰敏感的IBI参数。通过分析,建立了适合白洋淀湿地健康评价的标准:IBI,35-45,好;27-34,一般;19-26,差;<18,极差。评价结果表明,白洋淀23个淀区中,6个健康状况好,5个一般,7个差,5个很差。  相似文献   

11.
Wetlands are vital natural resources thereby providing ecological and socio-economic benefits to the people. However, anthropogenic activities have seriously changed the ecological conditions of wetlands worldwide, especially in developing nations like Ethiopia. Predominantly, the absence of biomonitoring tool greatly hampers the protection and management of wetlands. Therefore, the objective of this research is to develop a plant-based index of biological integrity for facilitating the management of wetlands. Accordingly, 122 plant species belonging to 37 families were collected and identified from forested, urban and agricultural wetland types and included in the analysis of the plant metrics. Initially, we reviewed and screened 35 potential metrics. Then, we selected four core metrics (% cover of native species, sensitive plant species richness, tolerant plant species richness and% of shrub species richness) using the decrease or increase responses to human disturbances, Mann-Whitney U test and redundant metric test. A trisect-quartile range system using box plots of the reference or impaired sites of wetlands was established to provide values for each core metrics. Then after, we combined the core metrics to develop the plant-based index of biological integrity. Finally, we validated the index by comparing the index response to different wetland types. Additionally, the index was validated based on the measured environmental variables that characterize the human disturbance gradient of wetlands. We found that the plant-based index is robust to discriminate the reference wetlands from impaired wetlands and can also be used as an effective tool for evaluating the long term natural wetland conditions of the Eastern African wetlands in the future.  相似文献   

12.
Most plant-based indices of biotic integrity (IBIs) developed for wetlands have focused on emergent wetlands. A Vegetation Index of Biotic Integrity (VIBI-Forest) was developed for forested wetlands in the four large ecoregions of the Ohio. Assessing the effect of human disturbance on the ecological condition of wetland forests is complicated by several factors. First, forest canopies can remain largely intact even after significant degradation of the herb and shrub stratum. Second, increases in total diversity may not be good. In forested wetlands, a major artifact of disturbance is the addition of non-wetland or wetland native or adventive plant species adapted to full sun conditions to their floras. Initial versions of the VIBI-Forest metrics were very sensitive to disturbance-induced increases in diversity. Correcting this problem required modifying or replacing metrics so that only forest dependent species were included in metric calculations. The final VIBI-Forest included metrics which evaluated each forest stratum including the ground layer (% bryophyte), herb layer (shade or seed-less vascular plant species), shrub layer (subcanopy importance value (IV), relative density of young trees), canopy (canopy IV), and composite metrics for all vertical strata (Floristic Quality Assessment Index score, % hydrophytes, % sensitive, % tolerant). Assessing wetland forest condition is further complicated by the fact that some successional communities after canopy death or destruction (shrub swamp, marsh, wet meadow) may have intrinsic value as wetland community types. The solution is not to attempt to derive a one-size-fits-all assessment method but to derive separate protocols for other successional phases that are of value or interest.  相似文献   

13.
We fit regression and classification tree models to vegetation data collected from Ohio (USA) wetlands to determine (1) which species best predict Ohio vegetation index of biotic integrity (OVIBI) score and (2) which species best predict high-quality wetlands (OVIBI score >75). The simplest regression tree model predicted OVIBI score based on the occurrence of three plant species: skunk-cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus), cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea), and swamp rose (Rosa palustris). The lowest OVIBI scores were best predicted by the absence of the selected plant species rather than by the presence of other species. The simplest classification tree model predicted high-quality wetlands based on the occurrence of two plant species: skunk-cabbage and marsh-fern (Thelypteris palustris). The overall misclassification rate from this tree was 13 %. Again, low-quality wetlands were better predicted than high-quality wetlands by the absence of selected species rather than the presence of other species using the classification tree model. Our results suggest that a species’ wetland status classification and coefficient of conservatism are of little use in predicting wetland quality. A simple, statistically derived species checklist such as the one created in this study could be used by field biologists to quickly and efficiently identify wetland sites likely to be regulated as high-quality, and requiring more intensive field assessments. Alternatively, it can be used for advanced determinations of low-quality wetlands. Agencies can save considerable money by screening wetlands for the presence/absence of such “indicator” species before issuing permits.  相似文献   

14.
Measuring the success of wetland restoration efforts requires an assessment of the wetland plant community as it changes following restoration. But analyses of restored wetlands often include plant community data from only one time period. We studied the development of plant communities at 13 restored marshes in northern New York for 4 years, including 1 year prior to restoration and 3 years afterwards. Restored wetlands ranged in size from 0.23 to 1.70 ha. Four reference wetlands of similar basin morphology, soil type, and size (0.29–0.48 ha) that occurred naturally in the same area were studied as comparisons. Dike construction to restore hydrology disturbed the existing vegetation in some parts of the restored sites, and vegetation was monitored in both disturbed and undisturbed areas. Undisturbed areas within the restored sites, which were dominated by upland field grasses before restoration, developed wetland plant communities with lower wetland index values but comparable numbers of wetland plant species than the reference wetlands, and they lagged behind the reference sites in terms of total wetland plant cover. There were significantly more plant species valuable as food sources for wetland birds, and a significantly higher percent cover of these species, at the undisturbed areas of the restored sites than at the reference wetlands. Areas of the restored sites that were disturbed by dike construction, however, often developed dense, monospecific cattail stands. In general, the plant communities at restored sites became increasingly similar to those at the reference wetlands over time, but higher numbers of herbaceous plants developed at the restored sites, including food plants for waterfowl, rails, and songbirds. Differences in shrub cover will probably lessen as natural recolonization increases shrub cover at the restored sites. Natural recolonization appears to be an effective technique for restoring wetlands on abandoned agricultural fields with established plant cover, but it is less successful in areas where soil has been exposed by construction activity.  相似文献   

15.
【背景】甲烷氧化菌在维持湿地生态系统碳平衡方面发挥着重要作用,青海湖高寒湿地具有十分重要的生态地位,但目前有关该地区甲烷氧化菌的研究相对较少。【目的】探究不同类型高寒湿地土壤甲烷氧化菌的群落特征与驱动因素。【方法】以青海湖流域内的小泊湖沼泽湿地、鸟岛湖滨湿地、瓦颜山河源湿地为研究对象,通过高通量测序技术对土壤甲烷氧化菌进行检测。【结果】3种不同类型高寒湿地土壤甲烷氧化菌的优势菌门均为变形菌门(Proteobacteria)。鸟岛湖滨湿地与瓦颜山河源湿地的甲烷氧化菌α多样性存在显著差异(P<0.05),而小泊湖沼泽湿地与二者的甲烷氧化菌α多样性的差异不显著(P>0.05)。LEfSe分析表明,不同类型高寒湿地共存在40个差异菌群,尤以瓦颜山河源湿地差异菌群数量最多,从门到属水平均存在显著差异。冗余分析(redundancy analysis,RDA)表明,甲烷氧化菌菌群变化的主要驱动因子为土壤温度、土壤水分、电导率。【结论】整体而言,青海湖3种类型高寒湿地土壤理化性质及甲烷氧化菌群落多样性均存在差异,且部分菌群的相对丰度具有显著性差异(P<0.05)。  相似文献   

16.
唐明艳  杨永兴 《生态学报》2013,33(20):6681-6693
以滇西北高原纳帕海湖滨退化湿地为研究对象,对比分析了人为隔断水源补给、牛羊过度放牧和家猪拱地三种人为干扰下湿地植被和土壤退化特征。结果表明:三种干扰方式下,纳帕海湖滨湿地植物群落类型多样性、物种丰富度、物种数、Shannon-Wiener指数、沼生植物重要值以及土壤有机质、全氮、速效氮、含水率、毛管孔隙度变化规律为:人为隔断水源补给>牛羊过度放牧>家猪拱地,而土壤容重和全钾含量变化规律完全相反。Pearson相关性分析表明,不同人为干扰下相同土壤指标之间相关性质和相关强度不同;CCA分析表明植物群落种类组成和分布与土壤含水率和全磷含量显著相关。以原生湿地样点为对照,人为隔断水源补给、牛羊过度放牧和家猪拱地样带土壤退化指数分别为-7.40%、-14.53%、-45.01%。认为纳帕海湖滨湿地退化是三种干扰协同作用结果,但作用程度不同,其顺序为家猪拱地>牛羊过度放牧>人为隔断水源补给。  相似文献   

17.
Bai J H  Ouyang H  Cui B S  Wang Q G  Chen H 《农业工程》2008,28(5):2245-2252
Based on RS, GIS and Apack software, the indices of landscape pattern such as landscape area index, landscape diversity index and landscape fragmentation index were chosen in order to describe changes in the spatial pattern of alpine wetland landscape on the Zoige Plateau during 1966–2000. Results showed that alpine wetland landscape was characteristic of marsh wetlands, which had the biggest patch number and the largest area. The alpine wetland landscape had higher spatial heterogeneity. The largest area appeared in Zoige County with the highest wetland ratio; comparatively, Aba County and Luqu County had much lower wetland ratio. The total area of alpine wetland landscape decreased rapidly during 1966–1986, but it began to increase after 1986. The wetland landscape area shrank by 59857.83 hm2 during 1966–2000. The alpine wetland landscape showed the characteristics of concentrated distribution in the past four decades, with higher convergence and dominance indices. The centroid of wetland landscape moved 12.54 km in the northwest direction firstly, 11.33 km in the southeast direction, and then 1.1 km in the north direction.  相似文献   

18.
《Ecological Indicators》2008,8(3):303-307
The Index of Plant Community Integrity (IPCI) was developed to assess wetland plant communities in the Prairie Pothole Region. The IPCI evaluates the condition of wetland plant communities based on disturbance level and multiple community attributes. However, the index was developed for seasonal wetlands from limited spatial and temporal data. We tested the index for seasonal wetlands and developed an index for temporary and semi-permanent wetlands by evaluating vegetative composition of wetlands throughout the Northern Glaciated Plains and Northwestern Glaciated Plains Ecoregions of South Dakota, North Dakota, and Montana. In 2003 and 2004, we selected wetlands based on classification and type of disturbance, ranging from little disturbance (native rangeland) to heavily disturbed (cropland). We analyzed the data using the IPCI vegetation metrics developed for seasonal wetlands, and further analyzed using nonmetric multidimensional scaling and cluster analyses. All vegetation metrics tested were significant in indicating disturbance level. Based on data analysis, five biologically significant groups related to intensity of disturbance (Very good, Good, Fair, Poor, and Very poor) were determined for seasonal wetlands, and three condition classes (Good, Fair, and Poor) for temporary and semi-permanent wetlands. Score ranges were assigned to the metrics according to the determined classes. Using the IPCI method, wetlands throughout the Northern and Northwestern Glaciated Plains of South Dakota, North Dakota, and Montana may be placed into disturbance classes. This data can then be used for ecological purposes and mitigation needs such as monitoring trends on reclaimed or restored wetlands, regional inventories, and for evaluation of ecological functions.  相似文献   

19.
Land use and land cover change has a marked affect on wetland condition, and different wetland types are affected differentially depending on many abiotic and biotic variables. To assess wetland condition, we have developed a Florida wetland condition index (FWCI) composed of indicators of community structure in the diatom, macrophyte, and macroinvertebrate assemblages for 216 wetlands (n = 74 depressional marsh, n = 118 depressional forested, n = 24 flowing water forested wetlands). Depressional wetlands located along a human disturbance gradient throughout Florida were sampled for each assemblage. Forested flowing water wetlands were sampled for macrophytes only. The landscape development intensity index (LDI) was used to quantify the human disturbance gradient. In general, human disturbance in adjacent areas had the greatest impact on depressional herbaceous wetlands, followed by depressional forested wetlands. Forested flowing water wetlands (i.e., forested strands and floodplain wetlands) were less affected by local conditions, with most of their changes in wetland condition correlated with alterations at the larger watershed scale. Strong correlations between the FWCIs and LDI index scores suggest that changes in community structure can be detected along a gradient of human land use activities adjacent to wetland ecosystems.  相似文献   

20.
To clarify the effects of artifical disturbances on the soil microbial respiration (SMR) of existed tidal wetlands, the SMR of three typical areas in Chongming Dongtan and Jiuduansha of the Yangtze River Estuary, China, were evaluated. The causes of the differences in the SMR were also evaluated by analyzing the microbial activity factors and community structure, as well as the physical-chemical characteristics of the different wetland soils. The results showed that the SMR of the existed wetlands in the area of siltation promotion was significantly higher (P < 0.01) than that of the natural area. Different agricultural practices on the inner land also affected the SMR of the tidal wetlands. Overall, the results indicated that the difference in soil microbial characteristics between the artificially disturbed and natural tidal wetlands may be the primary cause of their different SMR. Path analysis indicated that the correlation between soil bacterial diversity and SMR were especially strong. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the bacterial microbial community structure in wetland soil that had been subject to artificial disturbance was changed due to the alteration of the soil physicochemical characteristics, and Pseudomonas sp., Bacillus sp., Uncultured Lactococcus sp. and Streptococcus sp., which have high heterotrophic metabolism or stress tolerance capability, became the dominant bacterial flora in the artificially disturbed wetland soil, ultimately strengthening the SMR. This may be the essential cause of the higher SMR in wetland soils that have been subjected to artificial disturbance, resulting in a low organic carbon accumulation capability.  相似文献   

设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号